The Indian Army Special Forces refer to those units which are under the direct command of the Indian military and specifically organized, trained, and are equipped to conduct and support special operations.
Indian Army’s Para Special Forces:
The unit was created in 1966 by the Indian Army. Throughout the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, a small ad hoc force comprising volunteers from most infantry units from North India beneath Maj Megh Singh of the Brigade of the Guards, operated along with and behind enemy lines. The performance of this force created the powers that be stay up and take notice of the contribution and necessitated the raising of unconventional forces. Forming the nucleus of the new force from the volunteers of the then-disbanded Meghdoot Force, a battalion was raised to be a part of the Brigade of Guards, however, para trooping being an integral part of commando tactics, the unit was transferred to the Parachute Regiment. Raised in July 1966, the ninth Battalion, The Parachute Regiment (Commando) was the first special operations unit.
Exactly to the date, 1st July 1967, 10 Para Commando was raised by splitting nine Para Commando at Gwalior. The Para Commandos were initially deployed within the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, with nine Para Cdo capturing the heavy gun battery at Mandhol in Poonch, J&K. They took part within the 1984 Operation blue star. They were deployed in Sri Lanka in the 1980s throughout India’s involvement within the civil war, codenamed Operation Pawan. They conjointly saw action within Operation cactus in 1988 in the Maldives and within the 1999 Kargil War.
The list of PARA (SF) Battalions are:
1 PARA (SF) (raised 1961, converted to a para role in 1945, became part of para regt in 1952, converted to a commando in 1978)
2 PARA (SF) (ex-3 Maratha LI, converted to special forces in 1999.)
3 PARA (SF) (ex-1st Kumaon, converted to special forces in 2000)
4 PARA (SF) (raised 1961, converted to special forces in 2001)
9 PARA (SF) (raised in 1966, the first dedicated special forces unit of the Indian Army)
10 PARA (SF) (raised 1967)
11 PARA (SF) (raised 2011)
21 PARA (SF) (raised 1996)
Indian Army Special Forces List is as follows:
8 Lesser-known Indian army commandos special forces That are Among the best within the World:
Soon after the Second world war, the requirement for highly trained soldiers was completed and therefore, the Special Forces were born. Whereas thanks to Hollywood, most of us happen to know about the American Marines, navy seal and different American special forces are, it’s a shame we hardly understand most of our own Indian Special Forces. Here’s a list of the Indian Special Forces that rank amongst the most effective within the world.
1) MARCOS Commando Special Force:
How to Join MARCOS Commandos Indian Army Special Forces or Marine Commandos is India’s most lethal special force. Although they’re trained to engage in battle on all terrains, MARCOS commandos are super-experts in maritime warfare. The physical test to join MARCOS is so gruesome that over 80 % of the candidates drop out in the first, three-day-long, physical fitness and aptitude test. People who successfully complete the test are subjected to a five-week-long process known as the ‘hell’s week’ wherever commandos are placed through extreme sleep deprivation including the toughest physical tasks.
These commandos are even capable of firing whereas lying down, standing, running full-sprint, even backward and looking into a mirror with a reaction time of 0.27 seconds. The final stages of the coaching include an 800-meter long thigh-high mud crawl known as the ‘death crawl’, loaded with twenty-five kilo of gear that is concluded with shooting a target twenty-five meters away with a man standing next to it.
2) Para commandos Special Force:
Para commandos Training is one of the foremost extremely trained Special Forces of the Indian Army. Because of the extremely fatal nature of the operations they perform, they’re kept at an optimum level of operational efficiency and physical fitness, and only the foremost physically fit, mentally robust, intelligent, and highly motivated soldiers are inducted within the fleet.
Indian Army Special Forces Para commandos undergo the foremost grueling commando coaching regimes within the world, apart from daily 20km runs with 60km baggage and man-to-man assault practices; they even got to free fall from belligerent heights of as much as 33,500 feet. They’re conjointly extremely trained in terrain and environment warfare and deep-sea diving. Their most notable and fatal operations included the 1971 war with Pakistan, the 1999 Kargil war and the infamous Operation Bluestar in 1984.
3) Garud Commando Force:
With over 2000 commandos, the Garud Commando Force could be a unit of the Indian Air Force and makes a specialty of airfield Seizure, Special reconnaissance, airborne Operations, Air Assault, Special Operations Combat Search and Rescue, and counter insurgence. The coaching for being a Garud commando is so powerful that it will take up to three years to qualify as a completely operational Garud. Also, Garud commandos are extraordinarily adept at anti-hijack and counter-insurgency coaching, jungle and snow survival techniques, specialized weapon handling, and advanced driving skills.
4) Ghatak Commando Force:
Indian Army Special Forces Ghatak force is a special operations infantry platoon that acts as a troop and leads man-to-man assaults ahead of a battalion. They concentrate on raids on enemy artillery positions, airfields, provide dumps and tactical headquarters whereas conjointly being specialists at directional artillery and air attacks on targets deep among enemy lines. Solely the foremost physically and mentally fit soldiers make it into the Ghatak force that is typically 20-men strong. Since they face the enemy face-to-face, they’re trained to be undisputed at heliborne assault, rock climbing, mountain warfare, demolitions, advanced weapons coaching, close-quarter battle, and infantry techniques.
5) National Security Guard Or Black Cats Commandos:
Created in 1986, the NSG Commandos or Black Cats Commandos fall neither beneath Central Armed Police Forces nor beneath Paramilitary Forces of India. It’s instead a mix of commandos from each of the Indian Army and Central Armed Police Forces that is lead by a ‘Director-General’ from the Indian Police Service. Comprising 2 units – the Special Action Group (SAG), which consists entirely of Indian Army personnel; and therefore the Special Ranger Groups (SRG) for counter-terrorism activities – the NSG is equipped with some of the most advanced weapons within the world. The selection method is so brutal that it’s a dropout rate of 70-80 percent. and the few, who qualify to become NSGs, are sent off to train for another nine months to become Phantom NSG Commandos.
6) Cobra (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action):
Commando Battalion for Resolute Action is probably the sole Indian special force that’s specifically trained in guerilla warfare to tackle the notorious Naxalite groups within the country. A part of the CRPF, Cobra commandos are masters of camouflage, jungle warfare, parachute jumps, precision strikes, and ambushes. Their sniper units are among the best among the armed forces of India.
7) Special Frontier Force:
Created on 14th Nov 1962, the SFF may be a paramilitary special force that specializes in special reconnaissance, direct action, hostage rescue, counter-terrorism, unconventional warfare, and covert operations. This specialized force was created within the wake of another Sino-Indian war and it operates in sync with RAW (Research and Analysis Wing). The commandos are supremely trained in guerrilla ways, mountain and jungle warfare, and parachute jumps.
8) Force One Commandos:
After the Mumbai terror attacks, the Maharashtra government brought together the best commandos and assembled the youngest Indian special force referred to as Force One. The only motive of this squad is to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area once under threat. Force One is one of the fastest response groups within the world and might prepare for action in but15 minutes. From over 3000 applications, 216 of the best soldiers were hand-picked who were then trained beneath close guidance from the Israeli special forces.