Group discussion, as a selection technique, is especially designed to check the behavioural and influential skills of a candidate during a group. the other areas which are tested during a GD are communication skills, knowledge and concepts regarding a given subject, the capability to coordinate and lead, etc. Lower familiarity with the random GD topic and no preparation time makes the job easier for the assessor while making things difficult for the candidates.
A typical group discussion generally has 6-10 participants (the GTO group) and lasts for 15 to 20 minutes. It means each candidate gets 2-3 minutes to talk; the rest of the time is spent listening.
Recommended Applicants Tips to prepare For GD:
Start Reading: Reading a book or an article aloud for around quarter-hour daily will enhance fluency, the tone of voice and articulation. If possible, try speaking in front of a mirror to tackle nervousness.
Do Discussions in Daily Life: Start having discussions together with your friends and family. it’ll be more informal where you’ll assess yourself and organize your thoughts.
Present Facts to the Group: A good point with some facts and numbers will make everybody listen to what you’ve got to say. This generally helps in presenting your points within the discussion after you’ve already spoken.
Knowing current affairs may be a must: Since the group discussion topic is usually a recent controversial topic, if a candidate updated with current affairs, content isn’t an issue. If not, start reading newspapers and watch the news.
Listen: Listening may be a crucial part of group discussion. It indicates your teamwork and cooperation with the group. the best strategy is to talk for 30-40 seconds then let others speak. Then after 4-5 minutes, again speak for a few minute with facts and number and listen to others. then , keep on giving 1-2 points after every 1 or 2 minutes.
Be Formal: With the typical fauji environment, it’s common for candidates to hurl abuses while chit chatting among one another . But not in GD where you want to use formal language. Address other participants with respect. don’t make plenty of gestures while you’re not speaking. Avoid using extreme words and extreme statements.
Do not prick others: There are candidates who tend to poke people sitting next to them by elbows or hands – consciously or subconsciously. don’t be that person. Also, don’t point to a selected participant while talking. don’t get personal; attempt to be objective in your arguments. this is often not a debate, but a discussion. there’s a difference.
Disagree: This is the most important point. don’t go on agreeing with all the people whenever. disagree with the candidates who are supporting other reasons. Remember, you’ve got to support your own reason with correct facts and figures. If you’re disagreeing with somebody else do it civilly. disagree with the point and not with the person.
Talk with figures: It is really hard to remember all the figures and numbers to support a point. At the same time, you can’t fully avoid the numbers. in that case, if you’re 90% familiar with the topic, there’s a good chance that a guess on a figure would work. For e.g., if you state a fact that most of the youth are addicted to mobile phones nowadays, there’s a good chance if you say that “87% of the youth between 12-25 in 95% of urban India is addicted to smartphone” will work. Remember, these are totally random numbers but there are very high chances that these are true.
In the GD, a candidate should be able to convey his/her thoughts satisfactorily and convincingly to the group. Knowledge of the given subject, power of expression and clarity of thought are the items that are evaluated. Always remember, GD is usually on a controversial topic in order that you’ve got enough points to speak on that.