World History

Winston Churchill | Biography, World War II, Quotes, Books & Facts

Winston Churchill was one of the great world leaders of the 20th century. His leadership helped Britain stand firm against Hitler and Germany, even when they were the last countries still at war. He is also known for his inspirational speeches and quotes.

Winston Churchill Overview:

Occupation Prime Minister of Great Britain
Children Randolph Churchill, Diana Churchill, Marigold Churchill,
Mary Soames, Sarah Churchill
Born November 30th, 1874 in Oxfordshire, England
Died 24 January 1965 in London, England
Best known for Standing up to the Germans in World War II

Biography of Winston Churchill:

Childhood and Growing Up of Winston Churchill

Winston was born in Oxfordshire, England on November 30, 1874. He was actually born in a room in a palace called Blenheim Palace. His parents were wealthy aristocrats. His father, Sir Randolph Churchill, was a politician who held many high positions in the British government.

Joining the Military

Churchill attended the Royal Army College and joined the British cavalry after graduation. During his military service, he traveled a lot, worked as a newspaper correspondent, and wrote articles on combat and military service.

While in South Africa during the Second Boer War, Winston Churchill was captured and taken prisoner. He managed to escape from prison and traveled 300 miles before being rescued. As a result, he became something of a hero in England for some time.

Rise to Power

In 1900 Churchill was elected Member of Parliament. Over the next three decades, he held various government offices, including his 1908 ministerial post. During this period, his career went through many ups and downs, but he also became famous for his many writings.

Prime Minister

At the outbreak of World War II, Churchill became the first Lord of the Admiralty and commanded the Royal Navy. At the same time, the current Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain wanted to appease Germany and Hitler. Churchill knew this would not work, and he warned the government that he must cooperate in the fight against Hitler or Hitler would soon conquer all of Europe.

As Germany continued to advance, the nation lost faith in Chamberlain. Chamberlain eventually resigned and Winston Churchill was elected Prime Minister on 10 May 1940.

World War II

Shortly after he was appointed Chancellor, Germany invaded France and Britain fought Hitler alone in Europe. Churchill urged the nation to keep fighting despite the dire circumstances. He also helped build alliances with the Soviet Union and the United States.

He hated Joseph Stalin and the Soviet communists, but knew that the Allies needed their help to fight Germany. With Allied aid and Winston’s leadership, the British were able to hold off Hitler. After a long and cruel war they were able to defeat Hitler and the Germans.

After the War

After the war, the Churchill Party lost the elections and Churchill lost the prime ministership. However, he remained an important leader of the government. In 1951 he was re-elected prime minister. He served the country for many years and then retired. He died on January 24th, 1965.

Churchill was concerned about the Soviet Union and the Red Army. He felt that now that the Germans were defeated, they were as dangerous as Hitler. He was right when the Cold War began shortly after World War II between the NATO Western countries (UK, France, USA, etc.) and the communist Soviet Union.

Famous Quotes of Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill was famous for his rousing speeches and quotes. Here are a few of his famous quotes:

In a speech criticizing the appeasement of Hitler, he said “You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You chose dishonor, and you will have war.”

He also said of appeasement: “An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last.”

In his first speech as Prime Minister he said “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat.”

In a speech about fighting the Germans he said “We shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.”

When talking about the RAF during the Battle of Britain he said “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”

Interesting Facts about Winston Churchill

He wrote many historical books and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953.

He became an honorary citizen of the United States.

Churchill married Clementine Hozier in 1908. They had five children, including four daughters and one son.

As a child, Winston did not do well in school. He also had difficulty getting into the Royal Army College. However, he ended up almost at the top of his class.

During World War II, he was in poor health. He had a heart attack in 1941 and pneumonia in 1943.