World History

Vanuatu | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Vanuatu:

Vanuatu is a small island country in the South Pacific. The islands were inhabited for thousands of years before being discovered by Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernández de Quiros in 1606. But the Europeans did not return for many years. In 1774 Captain Cook visited the islands and he named them the New Hebrides.

Over the years, many French and British settlers have settled on the island. France and Britain decided to jointly manage the island. These islands gained her independence in 1980 and changed its name to the Republic of Vanuatu.

Information about Vanuatu:

Capital Port-Vila (on Efate)
Population 335,861 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Port-Vila (on Efate) (capital), Luganville, Norsup, Port-Olry, Isangel, Sola, Lakatoro
Borders Fiji, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and Australia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $983,582,865  (2022 worldometer)
Currency vatu (VUV)

Flag of Vanuatu:

Vanuatu Economy Key Industries:

Vanuatu Major Industries: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

Vanuatu Agricultural Products: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish

Vanuatu Natural Resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish

Vanuatu Major Exports: copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee

Vanuatu Major Imports: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels

The Geography of Vanuatu:

Total Size of Vanuatu: 12,189 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Vanuatu: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Vanuatu: Tabwemasana 1,877 m

Climate of Vanuatu: Tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April

General Terrain of Vanuatu: mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

World Region or Continent of Vanuatu: Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 16 00 S, 167 00 E

The People of  Vanuatu & Culture

Vanuatu Government Type: parliamentary republic

Vanuatu Nationality: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)

Vanuatu National Holiday: Independence Day, 30 July (1980)

Vanuatu Independence: 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)

Vanuatu National Symbol: boar’s tusk

Vanuatu National Anthem or Song: Yumi, Yumi, Yumi (We, We, We)

Vanuatu Languages Spoken: local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)

Vanuatu Religions: Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)

Interesting Facts about Vanuatu:

Vanuatu is made up of 83 islands scattered across the Pacific Ocean. Each island has its own charm and charm.

Port Vila is the capital and largest city of Vanuatu. Located on the island of Efate, Port Vila serves as the administrative, commercial and cultural center of the country.

The official languages ​​of Vanuatu are Bislama, English and French. Bislama is an English-based Creole language, widely spoken and understood by the majority of the population.

Vanuatu became independent from France and Britain in 1980.
Vanuatu became an independent state on July 30, 1980 after being jointly ruled by France and Britain.

Mount Yasur is an active volcano on the island of Tanna. Tourists flock to Tanna to witness the spectacular eruption of Mount Yasur, one of the most accessible volcanoes in the world.

Vanuatu is known for its world-class diving and snorkeling locations. The crystal clear waters around Vanuatu offer divers and snorkelers the chance to explore vibrant coral reefs, stunning marine life and numerous shipwrecks.

The land-diving ritual called nagol is a famous Vanuatu tradition. Also known as ‘Bungee Jumping’, the Nagol ritual involves a man jumping from a tall wooden tower with only tendrils on his ankles, symbolizing courage and strength.

Vanuatu has the world’s only undersea post office. Located off the coast of Hideaway Island, visitors can snorkel and dive and send waterproof postcards from a unique underwater post office.

The Vanuatu Cultural Center in Port Vila showcases the country’s rich cultural heritage. The Cultural Center showcases traditional arts, music, dance and the history of Vanuatu’s indigenous peoples.

Vanuatu is one of the world’s leading countries in sustainable tourism. The country values ​​responsible tourism practices that protect the environment and benefit local communities.

Vanuatu has a rich and diverse marine ecosystem. Its waters are home to numerous marine life, including colorful fish, turtles, dolphins and even manatees.

Vanuatu lies within the Pacific Ring of Fire. This often causes seismic and volcanic activity, but it also creates spectacular scenery.

Traditional Vanuatu cuisine includes fresh tropical fruits, seafood and root vegetables. Local ingredients are transformed into delicious dishes such as the traditional Lap Lap with taro and yams.

Vanuatu is a popular destination for adventure seekers. From volcano and jungle hikes to kayaking and ziplining, Vanuatu has plenty of adrenaline-pumping activities.

The Vanuatu flying fox is the largest bat species in the Pacific. Known for their unique appearance, these large bats are often found in caves and rainforests.

Vanuatu is part of the Melanesian culture. The Melanesian people have a rich history, traditional beliefs, and vibrant cultural practices celebrated throughout the country.

Vanuatu’s Blue Hole is a natural freshwater bathing spot. Formed by underground springs, these enchanting blue pits offer a refreshing and scenic bathing experience.

The currency of Vanuatu is the Vanuatu Vatu (VUV). Be sure to change money before your visit or use ATMs in big cities.

Vanuatu has a tropical climate with wet and dry seasons. The rainy season from November to April brings occasional hurricanes, while the dry season from May to October brings more pleasant weather.

Vanuatu is known for its ecolodges and sustainable accommodation options.
Many resorts and lodges in Vanuatu are committed to being eco-friendly, allowing travelers to stay guilt-free.

The National Museum of Vanuatu in Port Vila showcases the country’s history.

From ancient artifacts to colonial and pre-independence exhibits, the museum offers insight into Vanuatu’s rich past.

Vanuatu is a bird lover’s paradise. The country is home to numerous bird species, including the unique and rare Vanuatu megapod.

Vanuatu has a vibrant traditional dance culture. Traditional dance is an integral part of Vanuatu culture, and each island has its own unique dance style and costumes.

The Vanuatu Women’s Floating Musical Orchestra is internationally renowned. This talented group of women uses water as a musical instrument, tapping the surface with their hands to create unique melodies.

Vanuatu has some of the most pristine and pristine beaches in the world.
From white sands to secluded coves, Vanuatu’s beaches offer tranquility and unmatched natural beauty.

Vanuatu is a paradise for diving enthusiasts. As you explore Vanuatu’s underwater world, you’ll discover amazing coral formations, colorful marine life, and even sunken World War II relics.

Vanuatu is home to ancient banyan trees with incredible root systems.
These majestic trees spread their roots, creating natural corridors and enchanting landscapes.