World History

US Women of World War II

In World War II, women were crucial to the American cause. Many women contributed by serving in the military, even if they did not participate in battle as soldiers. On the home front, they also contributed to maintaining unity in the nation. Women worked in industries making weapons, ships, tanks, and other essential items for the war effort.

Women in the Military

During the conflict, a large number of women served in the military. In the Army Nurse Corps, some worked as nurses. Given that some nurses worked at hospitals that were near to the front lines of battle, this may be a risky profession. They worked in a range of settings, such as field hospitals, ship hospitals, medical transport aircraft, and hospitals for evacuation. These courageous nurses saved the lives of numerous soldiers.

Women participated in the WAC, or Women’s Army Corps. This was a division of the military that was established in 1942. Women performed in non-combat roles such as vehicle technicians fixing cars, army post offices processing mail, and warning system workers. By the end of the war, there were 150,000 women serving in the WAC. They participated in all aspects of the military and even arrived in Normandy just a few weeks after D-Day.

Many men initially opposed the inclusion of women in the military forces. The WAC was finally approved thanks to Eleanor Roosevelt and General George Marshall. Later, female soldiers proved to be such excellent combatants that some leaders advocated for women to be drafted.

Women Pilots Serving in the Air Force

As Women’s Air Force Service Pilots, or WASPs, women also served as pilots. These were already certified female pilots. They transported supplies and piloted military aircraft between army bases. This allowed men to fly combat missions.

Rosie the Riveter

Keeping our factories functioning during World War II was arguably one of the biggest achievements made by women. With 10 million men serving in the army, the nation’s factories needed a lot of women to manage them. They created the crucial aircraft, tanks, warships, weapons, and other weaponry for the conflict.

The US government developed the “Rosie the Riveter” programme to encourage women to work in industries. Rosie the Riveter was a fictional representation of a strong, patriotic woman who worked in factories to aid her country and was featured on posters and magazines. Even a song named “Rosie the Riveter” became very famous. The initiative was successful because tens of thousands of women entered the workforce and took on male-dominated jobs.

Famous Women

Here are a few examples of the ladies from different countries who rose to fame during World War II:

Eleanor Roosevelt –
Eleanor Roosevelt, the First Lady and wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was a steadfast advocate for the military and for civil rights. She actively worked to raise spirits on the home front in the US and opposed the internment camps for Japanese Americans.

Queen Elizabeth –
The Queen served as a representation of British unity in the face of Hitler. She was a huge boost to the troops’ morale. When she was encouraged to leave London with her kids, she refused, claiming that neither she nor the King would ever leave.

Tokyo Rose –
The Japanese women who provided radio propaganda to the US troops fighting Japan were known by this term. By repeatedly telling the soldiers they couldn’t win the battle, she tried to sap their morale.

Eva Braun
Hitler’s mistress was Eva. At the conclusion of the war, just before they both committed suicide, she married him.

Sophie Scholl
German-born Sophie was a vocal opponent of the Third Reich and the Nazis. She was detained for opposing the war, and then she was killed. She is revered for risking her life to try to thwart the Nazis.

Anne Frank
Jewish teenager Anne Frank gained notoriety for the diaries she wrote while spending two years in hiding from the Nazis in a hidden chamber. She was ultimately discovered and perished in a detention camp.