World History

United Kingdom | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

Information about United Kingdom:

Capital London
Population 67,775,511 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities London (capital), Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds-Bradford, Glasgow, Liverpool, Newcastle, Southampton-Portsmouth
Borders mainland Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland) and the northern part of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland) & maritime borders with Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and the Faroe Islands (Denmark)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $3,070,670,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency British pound (GBP)

Flag of United Kingdom:

Flag Description: The flag of Great Britain was adopted on 1st January 1801. The name of the national flag is the Union Jack. It has a blue background (field) with a red cross with a white border and a red “x” with a white border.

United Kingdom Economy Key Industries:

United Kingdom Major Industries: machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods

United Kingdom Agricultural Products: cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish

United Kingdom Natural Resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land

United Kingdom Major Exports: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

United Kingdom Major Imports: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs

The Geography of United Kingdom:

Total Size of United Kingdom: 243,610 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of United Kingdom: The Fens -4 m

Geographical High Point of United Kingdom: Ben Nevis 1,343 m

Climate of United Kingdom: Temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

General Terrain of United Kingdom: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

World Region or Continent of United Kingdom:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 54 00 N, 2 00 W

Major Landforms of United Kingdom: Island of Great Britain, Island of Ireland (northern fifth), Cumbrian Mountains, Pennines, Hebrides Islands, Shetland Islands, Scottish Highlands, Ben Nevis, Highland Boundary Fault, Mourne Mountains

Major Bodies of Water: Thames River, Severn River, Humber River, Lough Neagh (lake), Loch Lomond, Windermere, Bala Lake, English Channel, North Sea, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea, Atlantic Ocean

Famous Places of United Kingdom: 

Tower of London,
Buckingham Palace,
Westminster Palace,
London Eye,
Windsor Castle,
Trafalgar Square,
St. Paul’s Cathedral,
Tower Bridge,
Hyde Park,
Loch Ness,
Wembley Stadium,
Ben Nevis,
Globe Theatre,
Edinburgh Castle,
White Cliffs of Dover,
Channel Tunnel

The People of  United Kingdom & Culture

United Kingdom Government Type: constitutional monarchy

United Kingdom Nationality: Briton(s), British (collective plural)

United Kingdom National Holiday: UK does not celebrate one particular national holiday

Other Holidays of United Kingdom: New Years’ Day (January 1), Saint Patrick’s Day (March 17), Easter, May Day (May 1), Bank Holiday, Christmas (December 25), Boxing Day (December 26)

United Kingdom Independence: England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century. The union of England and Wales, which began in 1284 with the Act of Ledoran, was not formally formed until the Act of Union was passed in 1536. In another Act of Union of 1707, England and Scotland agreed to join permanently as Great Britain.

The Legislative Union of Great Britain and Ireland came into force in her 1801, adopting the name “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland”. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 formalized the division of Ireland. Her six counties of Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland, and in 1927 the current name of the country, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was adopted.

United Kingdom National Symbol:

  • Animal – Bulldog (England), Lion
  • Bird – Red Kite (Wales)
  • Flower – Tudor Rose (England), Thistle (Scotland), Flax Flower (Northern Ireland)
  • Tree – Royal Oak
  • Colors – Red, white, and blue
  • Motto – “God and my Right”, “In Defense” (Scotland)
  • Other symbols – Unicorn (Scotland), Welsh Dragon (Wales), Britannia

United Kingdom National Anthem or Song: God Save the Queen

United Kingdom Languages Spoken: English Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)

United Kingdom Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census)

Interesting Facts about United Kingdom:

Tea is the most popular drink in England. They are estimated to drink 165 million cups of tea every day. Interestingly, tea consumption in the United States is 20 times lower.

Over 8 million of her citizens live in London and communicate via different languages. It is estimated that over 300 languages ​​are spoken in the city. The first postage stamps were made in England. Designed in May 1840, it depicted Queen Victoria.

At 1,107 feet or 350 meters tall, the London Shard is the tallest object on the European continent.

Golf was invented in Scotland and is now considered a national sport. According to sources, golf was invented by him in 1457. It became so widespread that James II banned it to hinder military training.

The typical British foods are roast beef and Yorkshire beef, but the British national dish is chicken tikka. Chicken tikka is actually an Indian recipe.

This continental European country is connected to Great Britain by the Channel Tunnel. It connects the cities of Calais (France) and Dover (England). At 34 miles long, this road is the second longest underground tunnel.

Windsor Castle is still inhabited by the British royal family and is the oldest royal residence.

In August 1896, Britain and the Sultanate of Zanzibar fought for about 40 minutes. It was the shortest war in history. Only one British sailor was wounded, and casualties on the other side reached 500.

The official language of the UK is English, but accents vary from country to country. Intonation changes so often that you may encounter another accent within a few miles.

J.K. Rowling is the first author to become a millionaire by writing. In 2014, his total net worth reached $1 billion.

Her Royal Highness does not need a passport as British passports are issued in her name.

Oxford University is the oldest university in England. Until 1877 their lecturers were not allowed to marry.

British law stipulated that the monarchy must fall as soon as at least six crows appeared on the floor of the Tower of London. This rule was established by Charles II.

One interesting fact about England concerns Indian restaurants. These are random and it is estimated that there are more Indian restaurants in London than in Indian urban areas such as New Delhi and Mumbai.

Britain does not have an official religion, but the majority of Britons practice some form of Christianity.

England has only 15 national parks, but they cover only 8% of the country’s area.

There are no mountains higher than 1000 meters in England.

At 1,345 meters above sea level, Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in England.

Corante was the first British newspaper. The first copy he printed in 1621.