Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a central recruitment agency accountable (as mandated by the Constitution of Republic of India) for conducting examinations and effecting appointments for All India Services and Central Services (Group A and B). It’s an establishment that functions with freedom and autonomy. Well-liked exams conducted by the commission embrace Civil Services Examination (CSE), IFS, CDS, NDA, etc. The commission is needed to consult the govt for all matters associated with appointment, promotion, transfer and discipline. UPSC carries out its tasks through the subsequent modes:
Composite technique (Deputation + Promotion)
Aspirants anticipate for the primary one; direct enlisting. it’s done through competitive examinations. The notification for these examinations is discharged within the Gazette of India and Rozgar Samachar/Employment News. Copies of the test notifications are provided to all or any employment exchanges and universities. Let’s have a glance at some well-liked competitive examinations organized by the Union Public Service Commission.
National Defense Academy (NDA) Exam:
Candidates for varied posts in Army, Navy and Air-force are designated through the National Defence Academy (NDA) examination that is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) each year. Those that qualify the written examination are demanded the SSB (Service selection Board) interview, which has varied physical tests and mental tests. Candidates those who pass the extent of SSB interviews are finalized for the training method in National Defence Academy. Eligibility criterion differ for the forces, it’s listed below:
For Air Force and Navy: Candidates ought to have passed 10+2 or similar examination with arithmetic and Physics. Candidates attending for twelfth category examination also are eligible.
For Army: Candidates ought to have passed 10+2 or similar examination. Those attending within the 10+2 examinations also are eligible.
Combined Defense Service (CDS) Exam:
Conducted double a year, the test recruits candidates for Indian military, navy and air force. The test is command double a year, and also the selection procedure is same thereto of NDA test. The written test is followed by SSB interview (which includes personal interview and fitness tests). The chosen candidates then bear training at Indian military academy, naval academy, Air Force Academy and Officer’s coaching Academy. The CDS question paper for Indian Military, Navy, Air Force comprises three hundred objective type queries from General Awareness, English and arithmetic sections whereas for Officer’s coaching Academy consist two hundred queries from General Awareness and English sections solely.
Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Exam:
Working within the Indian administrative Services could be a matter of prestige. The UPSC IAS test consists of three phases – Preliminary, Mains and Interview. those that qualify the Prelims attend in Mains, and people those who crack Mains are called for the interview procedure.
Preliminary: It consists of two papers supported General studies.
Mains: Total nine papers are lined below the Mains. two papers are of qualifying nature and also the different seven are thought of while preparing the merit.
Interview: It tests the metal caliber, decision-making, leadership and different necessary qualities of a candidate.
The UPSC test is considered amongst the toughest within the country.
Indian Engineering Service (IES) Exam:
The examination aims at recruiting engineering graduates for varied posts in Indian Engineering Services (IES)/Engineering Services Examination (ESE). The services comprises operating in varied sectors like public works, Power, Railways, roads, defence, telecommunication, etc. Candidates are typically appointed in their revered fields of engineering like civil, mechanical, electrical, physical science & telecommunication, etc. The test pattern is split into:
Preliminary Phase: It includes 2 papers – General Studies & Engineering ability and Engineering Discipline.
Mains Phase: This section conjointly includes 2 papers associated with engineering discipline.
Personality Test: People those clear preliminary are called for mains and people who clarify mains are additional called for the personality test round.
The primary position offered to a candidate once qualifying the examination is that of an Assistant Engineer.
Indian Forest Service (IFS) Exam:
The examination is conducted for achievement in Indian Forest Services. The IFS department is answerable for implementing government programs beneath the National Forest Policy. Candidates with bachelor’s degree in anyone of the themes are eligible for the examination – agriculture & Veterinary Science, Chemistry, Botany, Geology, Physics, arithmetic, Statistics and biological science. A bachelor’s degree in Agriculture, biology or Engineering additionally comes underneath the eligibility criteria. The examination is conducted in 3 stages:
Preliminary: Two papers of two hundred marks every.
Mains: Candidates those who qualify the preliminary stage are eligible to attend within the mains examination.
Personality Test: Interview or personality test carries two hundred marks and candidates are checked on the parameters of leadership skills, decision-making and different traits.