World History

Ukraine | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Ukraine:

Ukraine was first settled by nomadic tribes such as the Cimmerians, Scythians and Goths. Greece and Rome established cities in Ukraine at the height of their empires. In the 10th century, the Grand Duchy of Kiev emerged as a growing city-state with the city of Kiev as its base. In the 11th century, Kievan Rus was the largest empire in Europe. With the reign of Vladimir the Great in 980, the Grand Duchy of Kiev became a Christian empire, reaching its peak under the rule of his son Yaroslav the Wise. The decline of the empire began in the 12th century, and in the 13th century Mongol raiders destroyed the city of Kiev.

In later years Ukraine became part of other countries, first Poland and then Russia. Ukrainians struggled to keep their culture alive despite restrictions imposed by Russia. Russia has even banned the use and learning of Ukrainian. The situation worsened when the Soviet Union came to power. Joseph Stalin caused an artificial starvation to maintain control of the region, killing millions. World War II did not improve the situation in Ukraine. The Nazis in Germany are estimated to have murdered one million Ukrainian Jews.

Another disaster occurred in 1986 when the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded in Ukraine. The Soviet Union tried to cover up the disaster and refused international aid. The Soviet Union eventually collapsed and Ukraine became independent in 1991.

Information about Ukraine:

Capital Kyiv
Population 36,944,100 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Kyiv (capital), Kharkiv, Donetsk, Odessa, Dnipro, Zaporizhzhia, Lviv
Borders Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Russia, and Belarus
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $160,503,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency hryvnia (UAH)

Flag of Ukraine:

Ukraine Economy Key Industries:

Ukraine Major Industries: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing (especially sugar)

Ukraine Agricultural Products: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables; beef, milk

Ukraine Natural Resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land

Ukraine Major Exports: ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, food products

Ukraine Major Imports: energy, machinery and equipment, chemicals

The Geography of Ukraine:

Total Size of Ukraine: 603,700 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Ukraine: Black Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Ukraine: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m

Climate of Ukraine: Temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south

General Terrain of Ukraine: most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south

World Region or Continent of Ukraine:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 49 00 N, 32 00 E

The People of  Ukraine & Culture

Ukraine Government Type: republic

Ukraine Nationality: Ukrainian(s)

Ukraine National Holiday: Independence Day, 24 August (1991); 22 January (1918), the day Ukraine first declared its independence (from Soviet Russia) and the day the short-lived Western and Central Ukrainian republics united (1919), is now celebrated as Unity Day

Ukraine Independence: 24 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Ukraine National Symbol: trident (tryzub)

Ukraine National Anthem or Song: Sche ne vmerla Ukraina (Ukraine Has Not Yet Perished)

Ukraine Languages Spoken: Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities

Ukraine Religions: Ukrainian Orthodox – Kyiv Patriarchate 19%, Orthodox (no particular jurisdiction) 16%, Ukrainian Orthodox – Moscow Patriarchate 9%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 6%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 1.7%, Protestant, Jewish, none 38% (2004 est.)

Interesting Facts about Ukraine:

There are many beautiful languages ​​in the world, but people do not think of Ukrainian as such. Her two languages, the most beautiful in the world, are often called Persian and French. In fact, in a language contest held in Paris in 1934, Ukrainian came third for him.

Ukraine, her second largest country in Europe, stretches from Russia in the east to Poland in the west. The area is over 603,000 square kilometers. France is the largest European country and Ukraine is the second.

Many people may not know these facts about Ukraine, but the country is also known for its beautiful women. Traveler’s Digest has named Ukrainian women the third most beautiful women in the world. Visit the country and you’ll understand why.

Ukraine built the world’s largest plane. The Antonov Design Bureau designed this aircraft and is known as the Antonov An-225 Mriya. With six turbofan engines, he is the only aircraft of its kind.

In Ukraine he has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These include monastery buildings such as Kiev, Chersonese and St. Sophia Cathedral. Don’t forget to visit these famous sights of Ukraine.

A popular attraction in Ukraine is the Tunnel of Love. This section of the industrial railway is surrounded by lush greenery. Whether you are visiting Ukraine with your loved ones or not, this is a beautiful and tranquil place to explore.

Here are some exciting facts about Ukraine for those who love extreme sports. Ukraine’s highest peak is Mount Khoberla and is probably the most famous place for adventure sports. This peak is part of the Carpathian Mountains and can be visited by travelers.

Arsenaluna Station is the deepest metro station in the world, at more than 105 meters underground. It was built during the Cold War to protect people from all threats.

Holilka is the national drink and means burning water. If you’re adventurous, why not try Ukraine? This drink consists of a high concentration of ethyl alcohol, and various flavors such as pepper, honey, and ginger can be added