Essay

Truth or Fiction: Are There Seedless Mangoes and Where Would They Come From?

Mangoes are among the most delicious and well-liked fruits in the world, but they also have a reputation for being among the most irritating to eat. Because of their slick texture and big center pit, mangoes can be difficult to chew without proper preparation. It goes without saying that hearing about “seedless” mangoes would make anyone happy. Mangoes would be easy to chop, serve, and consume with it.

So, do mangoes have seeds? From where do they originate? How do they develop?

The Legend of The Mango

The first mango plantations were in Southern Asia. They are indigenous to particular regions of Bangladesh and India. The mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh, and they are the national fruits of Pakistan, India, and the Philippines. Mangos are iconic in many cultures across the world due to its unique shape, color, tree, pit, flavor, and more. They are mentioned in regional folklore, mythology, and legends. People in extreme poverty eat them, and they can be found in culinary marvels. Mango pits, sometimes called stones, are a common source of aggravation for people worldwide.

Are There Mangoes Without Seeds?

In India, the mango is referred to as the “king of fruits.” Therefore, it would make sense that any newly discovered mango species, including those without seeds, would be created there. Did they manage to produce the fabled seedless mango, then?

To put it briefly, not really. There will always be a pit or seed in the middle of every mango on the planet. However, there is a variety of mango known as the “seedless mango.” That’s where the confusion is.

Although the pit in the middle of the so-called “seedless mango” is still present, it is much smaller than that of a typical mango. It is indeed so little that, until you get to the mango’s center, you hardly detect it. You still need to cut or eat around this pit if you are going to be chopping or eating this mango with your hands. It is not, however, quite as bothersome as its cousins. You can also get more fruit per mango because this gives the fruit’s flesh more area to expand inside the fruit. The mango variety known as Sindhu is seedless.

You are currently out of luck if you are searching for a mango that has no seeds at all. Particularly with regard to GMOs and fruit, science is constantly developing. The golden grail of completely seedless mangoes is still elusive.

The Science Behind Seedless Mangoes

The branches of one species were grafted onto the trunk of another to create the hybrid fruit known as the Sindhu mango. On the grafted branch, the unique genetic composition of the two types subsequently combines to form the seedless Sindhu. Although the method is quite straightforward, it is not advised for novice growers because to its complexity. This is how we get a lot of our fruit types.

The Sindhu mango was developed in 2014 by researchers at the Bihar Agricultural University in India, following several years of study. The Alphonso and Ratna mangos were blended. The end product is a mango sans the pit that is rich, sweet, and distinctly flavorful. It does, however, contain less fiber than its forebears.

The pit can account for as much as 30% of the fruit’s weight in the majority of mango varietals. Only about 10% of the Sindhu seedless mango is made up of it.

In addition, compared to other mango varieties, this new type has thicker skin, which facilitates better and simpler transportation without compromising the flesh underneath. The Sindhu mango may yet take some years to become available in international markets. When it does, though, it will undoubtedly become popular and a new favorite.

Where Can You Buy Seedless Mangoes?

Seedless mangoes were developed in 2014, and after a few more years of development, they started to appear in local and worldwide supermarkets. Some local growers have started to provide them in addition to their regular fruit crop because they can be produced at home. To find out if they sell the Sindhu mango or a local variety, you will need to check with your neighborhood grocery store or farmer’s market. You will have to do the research to determine which stores carry them because there isn’t a list you can look up.

Can You Grow Seedless Mangoes?

Indeed! But there are a few things you should check first before you hop in your car and drive down to the nursery.

You must choose your method for cultivating your own seedless mangoes before you can start. You have two options for how to proceed. Either purchase a pre-grafted tree or perform the grafting yourself. One is a great deal simpler than the other. Ask your neighborhood nurseries if they have any mango trees available without seeds. They can assist you in selecting the best option.

Purchasing a young tree

Make sure your garden is prepared for the new arrival if you decide to purchase a tree that is ready to plant. Mango trees are native to tropical regions alone. Your mango tree won’t develop and bear fruit adequately unless you have a greenhouse that is made especially to simulate a tropical environment. Regardless of how carefully you take care of it, this is true. In the event that you do reside in a tropical or subtropical region, be sure to plant your new tree in a section of your garden that gets full sun and rich soil. Beyond this, go by standard tree transplant procedures and your nursery’s recommendations. Within two to four years, if everything goes according to plan, you should sample your first seedless mangoes.

The method gets much more involved if you want to raise your own seedless mangoes from seed. Tree grafting is a challenging task. There’s always a danger the graft won’t take, no matter how well you follow instructions. This makes it necessary for you to wait a season to find out if you were successful or not. Finding several scion branches to insert into the rootstock of your domestic mango tree will be costly and challenging if you don’t already possess a grove of mango trees. It is possible, but before you start, we advise you to practice on easier, smaller, and less expensive fruit varieties.