World History

Trinidad and Tobago | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Trinidad and Tobago

History of Trinidad and Tobago:

Trinidad and Tobago is a Caribbean island nation just off the coast of Venezuela. The island’s first settlers were Arawak and Caribbean Indian tribes. By the time the Europeans arrived, the local population had been nearly wiped out by disease.

The first European to reach Trinidad was Christopher Columbus in 1948. Columbus named the island, and 100 years later the Spaniards arrived and settled the area. Although the British occupied Trinidad in 1797, Tobago changed hands several times between the French, British and Dutch until it was finally colonized by the British in 1803.

Trinidad and Tobago became a republic in 1976. The people there primarily speak English and are mostly of African or East Indian descent.

Information about Trinidad and Tobago:

Capital Port-of-Spain
1,535,421 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Port-of-Spain (capital), Chaguanas, San Fernando
Borders Barbados to the northeast, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and the west
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $27,899,082,337 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago:

Trinidad and Tobago Economy Key Industries:

Trinidad and Tobago Major Industries: petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles

Trinidad and Tobago Agricultural Products: cocoa, rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry

Trinidad and Tobago Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

Trinidad and Tobago Major Exports: petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, steel products, fertilizer, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus, flowers

Trinidad and Tobago Major Imports: machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, live animals

The Geography of Trinidad and Tobago:

Total Size of Trinidad and Tobago: 5,128 km² (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Trinidad and Tobago: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Trinidad and Tobago: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m

Climate of Trinidad and Tobago: Tropical; rainy season (June to December)

General Terrain of Trinidad and Tobago: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

World Region or Continent of Trinidad and Tobago:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 11 00 N, 61 00 W

The People of Trinidad and Tobago & Culture

Trinidad and Tobago Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Trinidad and Tobago Nationality: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)

Trinidad and Tobago National Holiday: Independence Day, 31 August (1962)

Trinidad and Tobago Independence: 31 August 1962 (from UK)

Trinidad and Tobago National Symbol: scarlet ibis (bird of Trinidad); cocrico (bird of Tobago)

Trinidad and Tobago National Anthem or Song: Forged From the Love of Liberty

Trinidad and Tobago Languages Spoken: English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese

Trinidad and Tobago Religions: Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, other Christian 5.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census)

Interesting Facts about Trinidad and Tobago:

Trinidad was named after the Holy Trinity by Christopher Columbus in 1498, while Tobago was named for its resemblance to the tobacco pipes (tobacco) used by locals.

Trinidad’s original name was ‘Yere’, which means ‘Land of Hummingbirds’. The island is home to a total of 485 bird species, including 18 species of hummingbirds. A prime destination for birdwatchers.

This country is the birthplace of Steelpandrum. It is the only acoustic instrument invented in the 20th century and is now very popular all over the world. Did you know that the first steelpans were made from oil drums? How creative and musical!

There are also many musical genres that originated in this country and later spread to the Caribbean. These include calypso, sokha, chutney, etc.

When we talk about music, we can’t even talk about the biggest parties on the island. Trinidad and Tobago hosts the largest carnival festival in the Caribbean. It is a celebration of the fusion of history, culture, fashion and art. This carnival is consistently ranked among the top 10 carnivals in the world. Dress up in colorful carnival costumes and dance to the music.

Trinidad and Tobago not only celebrates Carnival, but also Diwali, the largest festival in the entire Western Hemisphere. The country has the largest Native American population in the Caribbean, so the Festival of Lights is celebrated with great enthusiasm.

Trinidad is also home to the world’s tallest statue of Hanuman Murti (85 feet) outside of India.

The world’s largest brain coral is found in the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago. The term “brain coral” refers to coral colonies of the families Merliniidae and Mytilidae. These colonies look like human brains. Brain corals are important for the formation of coral reefs. The Brain Coral at the Keleston Drain Dive dive site is 3 meters high and 5.3 meters wide.

Trinidad’s Pitch Lake is the world’s largest natural asphalt deposit, containing approximately 10 million tons of asphalt. It covers approximately 99 acres and is 246 feet deep.

The lake south of the island is often called his eighth wonder of the world. This is because despite being emptied many times, it continues to be filled in to pave roads across the United States and Europe. Visitors can also bathe in the sulfur pools, which are said to have amazing healing properties.

Locals believe Pitch Lake was created with good intentions to drown a village where residents were guilty of killing too many hummingbirds.

In 1976 Hasley-Joachim Crawford won the first gold medal in Trinidad and Tobago. He won gold in the 100m, becoming the first Caribbean 100m Olympic champion.

The island nation of Trinidad and Tobago also awarded its first black Miss Universe. In 1977, the Janelle Penny Commission became the first black woman to win the title of Miss Universe.

Trinidad’s Grand Riviere Beach is home to the second largest leatherback turtle nesting site in the world. Over 10,000 giant leatherback turtles come to the beach to lay their eggs each year.

There is a pool in the middle of the sea. Nylon Pool is a 1 meter deep natural pool with a crystal clear sandy bottom in the middle of the ocean created by offshore sandbars and tranquil lagoons. There is a color difference between the pool water (turquoise) and the rest of the ocean (dark blue).

Trinidad and Tobago is the richest and most developed country in the Caribbean. Per capita GDP is the third highest in the United States. The petroleum industry, manufacturing and tourism are important contributors to the country’s economy.

Limbo dance is a dance that originated in Trinidad and Tobago. In competition, a horizontal bar, called a limbo, is placed on top of two vertical bars. Dancers must face the bar and pass under it without touching or knocking it over. Every time someone is eliminated, the hurdle drops and the task becomes even more difficult. This way, each time a contestant is eliminated, the hurdles are lowered until only the winner remains. Lighting the sticks made the dance even more adventurous.

Before you talk to the natives of the island, you should warn them that their accent may tempt you. I am not joking. The Trinidadian accent is considered one of the sexiest in the world.

Queen’s Park Savannah in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad’s capital, is the largest transportation loop in the world.

The Tobago Main Ridge Forest Reserve is the world’s oldest protected rainforest. Declared a protected area in 1776, the area offers plenty of hiking trails and eco-adventure opportunities. This forest is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Be careful before adding hot peppers to your food. Trinidad and Tobago is the home of Morga Scorpion, the second hottest pepper in the world.

Feeling lonely on an island probably crossed your mind once after reading the classic novel Robinson Crusoe. Tobago is said to have been the inspiration for a novel by Daniel Defoe, who also created Treasure Island, which surrounds Tobago. Tobago also has a place called Crusoe’s Cave. The movie “Swiss Family Robinson” was also filmed here.

It was Dr. Joseph Lennox Pawan of Trinidad and Tobago who discovered the transmission of rabies to humans by vampire bats in 1933, leading to the development of a vaccine against the virus.

The country is known for producing the world’s finest cocoa. Take notes if you have a sweet tooth.