Tree Philodendron Care Guide: 20 Tips for a Healthy Plant

Welcome to the fascinating world of tree philodendrons, plant lovers! Due to their low maintenance requirements and eye-catching look, these lush and vivid indoor plants are growing in popularity. You’re in for a treat if you’re a novice trying to fill your home with greenery or a plant parent. We’ll go over the fundamentals of caring for tree philodendrons in this article to make sure your leafy friend thrives.

A tree philodendron: what is it?

Formerly known as Philodendron bipinnatifidum and Philodendron selloanum, the Tree Philodendron is now formally identified as Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum. This interesting plant is a member of the Thaumatophyllum genus and is a member of the Araceae family. This fascinating plant, which is native to the jungles of South America, specifically Brazil and Paraguay, has drawn a lot of interest for its peculiar traits and adaptability.

Appearance and Development

Its remarkable look has earned the Tree Philodendron widespread acclaim. It has pinnately complex, or having numerous leaflets linked to a central stem, huge, glossy, deeply lobed leaves. These leaflets have a deep green color and can get up to three feet long, giving the environment a lush and tropical feel. The plant’s robust, woody stem enables it to develop into a tree-like structure. Under the right circumstances, it can grow to impressive heights of up to 15 feet.


The toxic nature of the Tree Philodendron is one noteworthy feature. All parts of a plant, including the leaves, stems, and roots, contain calcium oxalate crystals that, when swallowed or in touch with the skin, can be painful and irritating. This plant must therefore be handled carefully, especially if it will be around children or animals. If you ingest something by accident, get medical attention.

Cultural Significance

Due to its spectacular beauty and comparatively low maintenance requirements, the Tree Philodendron has become more popular as an interior ornamental plant. Since it thrives in low light, it is a favorite among those who prefer indoor gardening. Wherever it is put, it improves the aesthetic appeal of buildings such as houses, offices, and public spaces. Another reason for its popularity as a houseplant is that it purifies the air.

Conservation Status

It’s reassuring to know that the Tree Philodendron is not in danger of going extinct. Unfortunately, human activities like deforestation and habitat loss are putting a threat to the tropical rainforests of South America, where it is endemic. However, the Tree Philodendron has survived thanks to its versatility and attractiveness as a cultivated plant. Since many other species depend on these rainforests for existence, conservation efforts in its natural habitat are crucial to save the larger ecosystem of which it is a part.

Cultivation and Care

Plant lovers may find cultivating the Tree Philodendron to be gratifying. When grown indoors, it does best in potting soil that drains well and needs regular watering without letting the roots sit in saturated soil. Although it can survive low light levels, bright, indirect sunshine promotes strong growth and colorful leaves. Its lush appearance can be maintained with regular fertilization during the growing season, which is normally from spring through summer.


Stem cuttings and division are two techniques for multiplying the Tree Philodendron. From mature, healthy stems, stem cuttings can be removed and placed in a rooting media until roots form. The act of dividing a plant entails cutting it into smaller pieces, each with its own root system. Both techniques work well for growing new plants.

Propagation and Care Advice for a Philodendron Tree

This thorough guide will offer you helpful advice on how to effectively grow, care for, and maintain a Tree Philodendron, maintaining its health and vibrancy in your indoor or outdoor environment, whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a rookie plant enthusiast!

1. Use stem cuttings to multiply

Stem cuttings are a common and efficient way to propagate Tree Philodendrons. Choose a healthy stem that has at least a few nodes (the places where leaves sprout) to start. Using clean, well-kept scissors or pruning shears, trim the stem slightly below a node. Make sure the cutting is between four and six inches long.

The cutting should then be allowed to air dry for a day or two to assist prevent rotting when it is planted. Plant the cutting in an organic potting mix that drains well when it has dried, burying at least one node beneath the soil. Place the cutting in a warm, indirect light area after properly watering it. Always keep the soil moist, but not soggy. The cutting should eventually form roots and start to develop into a new Tree Philodendron.

2. Reproduce through Division

Another efficient way to reproduce adult Tree Philodendrons is by division. Make sure that each segment has its own roots before gently removing the plant from its pot and cutting it into smaller pieces. Plant each of these portions in a different pot with brand-new potting soil, and give them lots of water. These separated pieces should become independent plants if you maintain the right care conditions.

3. Spread through air layering

For Tree Philodendron plants that are more established, air layering is a viable option. Make a tiny cut or pare away some of the outer bark from a mature, healthy stem. A top-notch rooting hormone should be applied to the exposed area. Then, cover this area of the plant with plastic wrap, sphagnum moss that has been soaked, and tie the ends together. It should take a few weeks for roots to form. Cut the stem below the air layer once roots have properly grown, and then plant it in a new container with brand-new potting soil.

4. Plant Your Seeds to Grow a Plant

While it is possible to grow Tree Philodendrons from seeds, this approach takes more time than cuttings and division. Start by sowing seeds in a potting mix that drains well and lightly covering them with soil. Don’t forget to place the pot in a warm, humid area and to regularly maintain the soil moist. When growing from seeds, patience is essential because germination might take several weeks or even months.

5. Selecting the Right Location

Choosing the ideal location is one of the first stages to guaranteeing the health and vitality of your Tree Philodendron. This plant does best in direct, bright light. While it may survive in lower light levels, it thrives when planted close to a sunny window that receives soft, filtered sunshine. Avoid exposure to strong direct sunlight because it can burn the foliage.

6. Choosing the Appropriate Container

If you choose to grow your Tree Philodendron inside, be sure the container you use has drainage holes. Waterlogging leads to root rot, which can be prevented by planting in well-drained soil. The container’s size should be sufficient for the plant as it is right now, with some additional room in case it grows. The plant’s growth may necessitate repotting.

7. Appropriate Potting Mix and Soil

In a potting soil that drains well, tree philodendrons flourish. Potting soil, perlite, and orchid bark can be combined in equal amounts to make a good mix. With the correct quantity of drainage and sufficient moisture retention, this mixture benefits the plant. Every two to three years, you should repot your Tree Philodendron with new potting soil to keep it healthy.

8. Watering Points to Consider

An essential part of caring for Tree Philodendrons is watering. These plants cannot survive in saturated soil, although they do well in conditions that are consistently wet. When choosing how frequently to water a plant, it is important to take into account its size, the size of its container, the relative humidity, and the temperature. You can determine whether or not to water by just dipping your finger an inch into the soil. Watering should be done if that depth feels dry.

Give the plant plenty of water. Allow the pot to thoroughly drain of any extra water. To prevent the plant from sitting in standing water, don’t forget to empty the plate or saucer under the pot. You may need to water more regularly in the growing seasons (spring and summer), and you should water less frequently to avoid overwatering in the dormant seasons (autumn and winter).

9. Maintaining Humidity

The humidity that Tree Philodendrons require to thrive can be difficult to maintain indoors, particularly in drier locations or during the winter. Humidity levels can be raised by:

Use a Humidity Tray: Set up a tray near your Tree Philodendron that is loaded with water and rocks. As water evaporates, the immediate area around the plant will become more humid.

Mist the Leaves: To increase humidity, mist the leaves frequently with water. Be careful not to overdo it, though, as this could result in fungal issues.

Use a humidifier: Maintaining regular humidity levels in a place can be challenging, particularly if you have a lot of indoor plants.

10. Fertilizer Schedule

During the growing season (spring and summer), regular fertilizing is necessary to keep your Tree Philodendron healthy and flourishing. Apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every four to six weeks after diluting it to half intensity.

11. Pruning and Maintenance

Your Tree Philodendron’s shape and look can be maintained by pruning. Using clean, precise pruning shears or scissors, you can remove any yellowing or dead leaves. Additionally, you can cut the plant back to promote bushier growth if it starts to get too lanky or sparse.

12. Management of Pests and Disease

Tree philodendrons can nevertheless be vulnerable to pests and diseases despite being comparatively resilient. These plants may be harmed by common pests such mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites. Check your plant frequently for any indications of an infestation, such as webbing, fading leaves, or sticky buildup.

To stop the pest infestation from spreading to your other plants, make sure to isolate the affected plant as soon as you notice any signs of pests. Neem oil or an effective insecticidal soap can be used to get rid of the pests. Make sure to properly adhere to the product’s directions.

When it comes to illnesses, root rot is a major worry, especially if the plant is overwatered or is sitting in soggy soil. Make sure the plant has adequate drainage, and keep it out of any standing water to prevent root rot. Trim away the diseased roots, repot the plant in new soil, and restrict watering until the plant recovers if you suspect root rot.

13. Support and Training

Your Tree Philodendron can gain from some assistance or instruction as it develops. Stakes or trellises can be used to direct the growth of the plant if you are going for a particular shape or structure. The stems can be held in place without causing damage by using soft ties or clips.

14. Winter Care

Your Tree Philodendron may need certain care changes throughout the dormant season (autumn and winter). Reduce watering frequency and hold off on fertilizing. During this time, the plant’s growth may slow down; thus, be patient and refrain from overwatering as the lower light levels may cause the soil to get waterlogged.

13. Environment and Temperature

The ideal temperature range for tree philodendrons is between 65 and 80 degrees F. Because the plant may be susceptible to cold drafts, try to keep it out of temperatures below 50 degrees F. Make sure the plant is protected from heating and cooling vents, which might lead to temperature changes.

14. Cleaning and Grooming

To regularly remove dirt and debris, clean the leaves of your Tree Philodendron with a moist cloth or sponge. As a result, the plant not only looks better, but it can also better absorb light and keep up its best health.

15. Support for Heavy Growth

Your Tree Philodendron may have thick foliage as it ages, which could cause its stems to droop. Securing the plant with strong supports, like stakes or trellises, can help keep it from becoming top-heavy and enhance its overall appeal.

16. Repotting

To allow their growth, younger Tree Philodendrons can require repotting every two to three years. Select a pot that is one size larger than the existing one for repotting. Replant the Tree Philodendron in the new container with fresh potting soil at the same depth as before.

17. Adequate Drainage

To avoid root rot, it is essential to provide sufficient drainage. To allow extra water to drain, place the pot on a surface with drainage holes and raise it a little bit. Use a saucer to collect any runoff, but make sure to empty it frequently to avoid drowning the plant.

18. Monitoring for Overcrowding

Make sure the plants are not packed together if you have several in the same container. To ensure healthy growth, think about repotting or dividing the plants as needed.

19. Root Pruning and Size Control

Root pruning can be used as an alternative to repotting for mature Tree Philodendrons that have outgrown their containers. Trim extra roots after carefully removing the plant from its container. The pruned plant should be repotted with new potting soil in the same pot or a little larger one.

You can prune your Tree Philodendron to control its size if it grows too big for the area it is in. Concentrate on cutting just above a leaf node to remove the longest stems or branches. Pruning encourages new development and aids in keeping the form of the plant.

20. Regular Inspection and Growth Pattern Monitoring

Check your Tree Philodendron occasionally for any symptoms of stress, illness, or pests. Early detection enables timely treatment and action, reducing possible plant harm.

Of course, keep an eye out for your Tree Philodendron’s growth habits. This will enable you to see any aberrant behavior, such as legginess or stunted growth, and modify the care as necessary.

Plant lovers may find growing, caring for, and keeping a Tree Philodendron to be a pleasant experience. You can ensure the health and vitality of this gorgeous tropical plant by giving the ideal conditions, such as optimal lighting, well-draining soil, and suitable humidity levels. You may enjoy the lush beauty of your Tree Philodendron for years to come if you follow these suggestions and pay close attention to the minor things. Happy gardening!