World History

Timeline of Renaissance

Proto-Renaissance period, 1300–1400

1305 –
In Padua, Giotto finishes his work on the Scrovegni Chapel.

1308 –
The Divine Comedy, an epochal poem by Dante, is written.

1341 –
Petrarch, the first notable humanist, is appointed Rome’s poet laureate.

Early Renaissance, 1400–1500

1419 –
The dome of the Florence Cathedral is the work of architect Brunelleschi.

1434 –
The Medici family takes control of Florence’s city-state.

1450 –
The printing press is invented by Johannes Gutenberg.

1453 –
The Byzantine Empire is overthrown when the Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople.

1469 –
The leadership of Florence’s city-state is given to Lorenzo de Medici. He is a notable supporter of the arts.

1485 –
The Tudor dynasty is established when Henry VII ascends to the throne of England.

1486 –
The Birth of Venus is finished by Boticelli.

1492 –
Christopher Columbus makes the discovery of the Americas.

The High Renaissance, 1495–1527

1495 –
The Last Supper is a painting by Leonardo da Vinci.

1498 –
Vasco da Gama sails from Portugal across the southern tip of Africa to reach India.

1501 –
Michelangelo starts working on the David sculpture.

1503 –
The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.

1508 –
On the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo begins to paint.

1509 –
England’s new monarch is Henry VIII.

1509 –
Praise of Folly is a work by humanist author Erasmus.

The School of Athens is painted by Raphael as his finest work.

1516 –
The political philosophy work Utopia by Sir Thomas More is published.

1517 –
The Wittenberg Church door has the 95 theses of Martin Luther. This is a sign that the Reformation has begun.

The start of Ferdinand Magellan’s global tour.

Mannerism 1527–1600

1527 –
The army of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V takes control of Rome.

1534 –
In order to divorce Catherine of Aragon and wed Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII splits the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church.

1558 –
Elizabeth I ascends to the throne of England.

1588 –
The English navy defeats the Spanish Armada.

1599 –
The Globe Theatre is constructed by William Shakespeare. Over the coming years, he will pen many of his notable plays, including Hamlet and Macbeth.

1610 –
The moons of Jupiter are found by Galileo.

1618 –
Beginning of the Thirty Years War.