India is a centre of culture. It is among the nations with the widest cultural diversity in the globe. This contributes to the remarkable nature of the nation’s history and architecture. While some of India’s UNESCO Sites are due to the country’s natural beauty and fauna, many are a result of the country’s rich history.
Continue reading below to find out more about India and the UNESCO Sites that call it home.
How Many UNESCO Sites Are in India?
Protected places with historical, scientific, cultural, or other significant value to the earth or its inhabitants are called UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
India has 42 sites in total that are recognised by UNESCO. Out of the 34 total, the majority are cultural sites. There are seven naturals. One is distinct since it is a mixed location. India ranks sixth globally for the most UNESCO sites, with 42.
India’s Top Unesco Sites
1. Bihar’s Bodh Gaya
Among the most sacred locations for Buddhists worldwide is this one. It is said that Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment and became the Buddha here, beneath the Bo tree. Sometime in the third century BC, a small shrine was constructed. A distinct Buddhist group discovered the location in 1882 and brought it back to its original splendour.
2. Patan’s Rani ki Vav
The Queen’s Stepwell, or Rani ki Vav, is an upside-down temple. Constructed in the eleventh century, it was rediscovered in 1940. There are various levels with a variety of panels. Altogether, there are about 1,500 distinct sculptures with major and minor religious and symbolic themes.
3. Madhya Pradesh’s Khajuraho
Originally, Khajuraho had eighty-five temples. There are now just 25 standing. Even though they are almost a millennium old, all of the temples that remain are in superb shape. The striking harmony between sculpture and architecture may be seen in every building.
4. The Tamil Nadu Chola Temples
The Thanjavur temple, which was added in 1987, was the first to be designated as a historic site. In 2004, Kumbakonam and Gangaikonda Cholapuram, the other two temples, joined. Anyone is guaranteed to be impressed by these magnificent temples.
5. Rajasthani Hill Forts, Rajasthan
Six forts that date back to the period between the fifth and the eighteenth centuries are part of Rajasthan’s Hill Forts. Throughout time, a variety of people constructed and utilised the forts. The outstanding forts build a substantial defence by utilising the land’s inherent defences.
6. Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Not only is Ahmedabad a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but the entire city is still in use today. It is Gujarat’s largest city. The city’s harmonious fusion of modern and traditional architecture and culture is its greatest feature. Beyond only touring the buildings, the city offers a plethora of activities.
7. Hampi, Karnataka
The city contains about 1,600 distinct ruins and relics, spanning over 10,000 acres. Forts, complexes, shrines, and halls are a few examples of the locations where remnants of the past can be found. You can see all the fine features because the majority of them are still sufficiently undamaged.
8. Konark’s Sun Temple
The magnificent Sun Temple in Odisha is devoted to Surya Devta. Still, there’s more to the edifice than meets the eye. The structure is positioned atop twenty-four intricately carved wheels. These wheels provide you the time by functioning as sundials.
9. Aurangabad’s Ajanta Caves
The Anjata Caves, which date from between 200 BC and 650 AD, were formerly refuges for Buddhist monks. They’ve stayed in superb shape because they’re so remote. Once the Buddhist monks departed the area, they were not even recognised to exist until a British officer discovered them again in 1819.
10. Assam’s Kaziranga National Park
One of the parts of India that is comparatively unexplored by travellers is Kaziranga. The region is larger than 162 square miles. It is reported that the wife of Lord Curzon initially petitioned her husband to preserve the animals in this area when she was unable to spot any rhinos. There are elephants, buffalos, leopards, badgers, and other animals in addition to the rhinos.
11. The Taj Mahal in Agra
A common belief is that the Taj Mahal is the face of India. Beginning in the 1600s, construction took almost thirty years. The Taj Mahal was created at some stage by more than 20,000 different artists. The building has the same appearance from three angles. It is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in addition to a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Highlights of the Best UNESCO Sites in India to Visit
|Type of Site
|Rani ki Vav
|Hill Forts of Rajasthan
|Kaziranga National Park