The 9 Best Things to Plant in Ohio in October

Fall does not mean that you have to give up on your garden. Conversely, some plants thrive when planted in the ground in the fall or winter. For Ohio gardeners, who enjoy shorter growing seasons, this is welcome news. Given that the state is located directly in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 6, it might occasionally be challenging to cultivate everything. Fortunately, you may increase your garden to a great extent as long as you make the most of the entire growing season. And we’re willing to assist. The top 9 items to plant in Ohio in October are listed below.

1. Chokecherry

USDA Hardiness Zones 2 through 7 are ideal for growing this gorgeous tree, which is a member of the Rosaceae (rose) family. Prunus virginiana, or chokecherry, trees often grow to a height of twenty to thirty feet. Before they realize their full potential, they do need a few years to establish themselves. That being said, if you buy a young chokecherry tree and intend to plant it in your Ohio garden in October, you might be rewarded with flowers the following spring.

The fragrant white flowers open in April and May. They are really worth the care and attention because they draw a lot of butterflies and birds. This tree can thrive in almost any type of soil and is resistant to drought.

2. Hawthorn

Another member of the Roseaceae (rose) family is hawthorn, sometimes known as thornapple (Crataegus phaenopyrum). This deciduous tree is a great addition to any garden in Ohio because it grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 through 8. This gorgeous tree can grow up to 35 feet tall when fully grown, so make sure you give enough of space for it. October is one of the greatest months to plant a fresh hawthorn tree because there is less chance of frost. By doing this, you can be confident that it can begin growing a strong root system. Sadly, you will have to wait to fully enjoy the splendor of hawthorn. The berries are edible only in the fall. However, the local pollinators and birds will arrive in large numbers in the interim!

Plant your hawthorn in well-drained soil that contains a lot of organic matter. For it to grow, full to partial sun is required. Apart from that, it is an addition to your garden or yard that requires very little upkeep.

3. Hyacinth

Even though hyacinth (Hyacinthus) flowers are much smaller than those of the other two varieties, they are still a great option for planting in Ohio in October. When the flowers emerge in the spring, you may be sure to enjoy a breathtaking floral display by planting the bulbs before the first freeze. Blooms in shades of red, pink, blue, white, orange, yellow, or purple are to be expected. They grow well in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 9, in full or partial sun.

Each bloom bears clusters of fragrant blossoms and is about ten inches tall. For hedges, borders, and walkways—or really anywhere you want gorgeous blooms—hyacinths are perfect. Give the bulbs only moderate water and plenty of mulch to protect them from freezing. They dislike being submerged in water.

4. Japanese Meadowsweet

Spiraea japonica, sometimes known as Japanese meadowsweet, is a deciduous shrub that thrives in zones 3 through 8. It belongs to the family Rosaceae, which includes roses. This easy-care shrub has midsummer flowers. Therefore, planting it in the fall guarantees healthy root growth and a gorgeous summer bloom. When fully grown, it can reach heights of six feet and widths of seven feet. Admire the gorgeous pink blossoms and observe the butterflies that will come flocking to it at the same time.

Plant your Japanese meadowsweet where it will get direct sunlight. This incredible plant can withstand drought, deer, and bad soil conditions. Allocate ample room for this thick plant. And give it occasional dead-heading to keep its blossoms flowering.

5. Kale

Kale (Brassica oleracea var. sabellica) is an edible alternative that can be planted in Ohio around October. This robust green can withstand nearly all types of weather conditions. It is a great way to add extra nutrition to soups, salads, and smoothies. As most vegetables in the cruciferous family are also cold-hardy, kale is no exception. You can harvest abundantly for at least a month (if not longer) if you plant this delectable green before the ground freezes. To protect the leaves of your plants during deep freezes, cover them with a frost blanket.

6. Lettuce

There’s nothing more satisfying than picking your own salad greens from your garden. The good news is that this benefit need not expire even with the summer officially finished. Since many lettuce varieties are either short-season, you can still get a good yield even if you plant them in Ohio in October. Checking the lettuce’s maturity dates is crucial. Varieties that take longer to attain their peak maturity can be lost. If there is one you really like, you may also think about growing them as baby greens.

7. Mums

Gardeners have always loved mums (Chrysanthemum indicum).Anywhere these lovely flowers are planted, happiness and delight are experienced. They have both annual and perennial species, and they are members of the daisy family, Asteraceae. Seek for resilient mothers that will endure year after year. They are a great option for Ohio gardens because they thrive in zones 4 through 8! Mums come in a variety of hues, such as red, pink, tan, gold, white, and purple. Summer is when their blossoms appear, and they usually persist until fall. You will so soon be treated to a lovely treat if you plant the bulbs this autumn.

Mothers can withstand some shade and are an excellent ground cover. Plant them in a well-drained, high-organic matter environment. Watch your flowers flourish after that!

8. Pansies

Pansies (Viola tricolor) are another lovely flower to plant in Ohio in October. They are members of the violet family, Violaceae, and can be cultivated as annuals, biannuals, or perennials in USDA Hardiness Zones 2 through 9. These exquisite blooms are around 12 inches in width and 10 inches in height. Their beautiful blooms offer therapeutic properties and are delicious.

In full light and moderate soil, pansies grow well. You may include them in any area of your landscape because they thrive in almost any type of environment. Plant them in October and enjoy the gorgeous blossoms that appear the following spring. The flowers draw an unceasing stream of pollinators and arrive in a diversity of colors.

9. Spinach

Spinacia oleracea is another vegetable that can be planted in Ohio in October. The majority of types mature quickly. so that before the arrival of deep frost, you can have a good harvest. Furthermore, spinach is resistant to cold and can withstand light freezes and early frosts. Plant as many spinach plants as you like, as the leaves keep well. They can be frozen or dehydrated.

Overview of the Nine Best Things to Plant in Ohio in October

Plant Scientific Name
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana
Hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum
Hyacinth Hyacinthus
Kale Brassica oleracea var. sabellica
Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Mums Chrysanthemum indicum
Pansies Viola tricolor
Spinach Spinacia oleracea