Animals

The 10 Oldest National Parks in the Entire World

There is a saying in the United States that national parks are “America’s best idea,” but there are beautiful natural regions in other countries that are also referred to with this significant title. One of the main goals of national parks around the world is preservation, among other things. These parks are an important resource for communities to provide leisure and education while protecting animals and their threatened habitats. Find out which ten national parks are the oldest in the world, as well as the scenery and activities they provide.

1. Bogd Khan Uul National Park – Mongolia – 1783

Although many people argue that Yellowstone in the United States was the first national park, Bogd Khan Uul was declared a protected reserve in 1783 by the Mongolian Qing Dynasty. Even now, it is still a national park and a Unesco biosphere reserve. With a view of Ulaanbaatar, Bogd Khan Uul is a mountainous region in the forest-steppe zone. This 260 square mile park is a well-liked destination for hikers.

2. Yellowstone National Park – United States – 1872

The oldest national park in the United States is Yellowstone National Park, which is situated in the Western states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. This region was designated as a national park by the 42nd U.S. Congress in 1872, and it is widely regarded as the world’s first national park. On the other hand, there is disagreement over this matter. Yellowstone preserves a wide variety of biomes, including subalpine forests and an abundance of species, in addition to its numerous geothermal phenomena, such as Old Faithful.

3. Royal National Park – Australia – 1879

The southern part of Sydney is home to the Royal National Park, which is located in New South Wales, Australia. This 58-square-mile national park was created in 1879 by Sir John Robertson, the former premier of New South Wales, and was the first on the continent. Beaches, deep river valleys, coastal cliffs, and Aboriginal communities are all found within the Royal National Park. Trails for bicycling and hiking, picnic spots, barbecue pits, and breathtaking views of the shore await visitors.

4. Banff National Park – Canada – 1885

Banff National Park, located in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta, is the oldest national park in Canada. Banff National Park was created in 1885 and spans 2,564 square miles with alpine landscape, mountains, glaciers, and ice fields. Numerous wildlife, including grizzly bears, wolverines, cougars, bighorn sheep, and moose, are protected in the park. Being one of the most popular national parks in North America, it provides limitless outdoor activities for anyone with an adventurous mindset.

5. Yoho National Park – Canada – 1886

Yoho National Park is the second-oldest national park in Canada, having opened its doors in 1886. Situated in the southeast of British Columbia, it shares a boundary with Kootenay National Park and the Rocky Mountains. In addition to vast ice fields and a variety of wildlife, including wolves, coyotes, elk, and mountain goats, this park safeguards some of the highest mountain peaks in the Canadian Rockies.

6. Tongariro National Park – New Zealand – 1887

The oldest national park in New Zealand is Tongariro, which is situated in the Central North Island. The park is also recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its blend of natural and cultural qualities. Maori sacred places, numerous towns and communities, and active volcanic ranges are all protected inside Tongariro National Park. Tongariro Alpine Crossing, one of the world’s top hiking destinations, is located in this park.

7. Sequoia National Park – United States – 1890

Located in California’s Southern Sierra Nevada Mountains is the Sequoia National Park. This park, which was created in 1890, safeguards 631 square miles of mountainous forest, including 14,5005 feet atop Mount Whitney, the highest point in the nation. The park’s massive sequoia trees and the General Sherman tree, which is the largest tree in the world in terms of volume, are two of its most striking characteristics.

8. Yosemite National Park – United States – 1890

Yosemite, another national park in California, is located in four counties in the east-central area of the state and spans around 760,000 acres. Renowned for its massive cliffs, waterfalls, massive sequoia groves, mountains, lakes, glaciers, meadows, and more, this national park and world heritage site is well-known. Its 95% of the park is wilderness, and its ecological richness is enormous. Yosemite offers year-round activities such as rock climbing, biking, horseback riding, hiking, photography, and camping.

9. Waterton Lakes National Park – Canada – 1895

Southwestern Alberta, Canada is home to the Waterton Lakes National Park. Established in 1895, this national park spans across immense prairies and the Rocky Mountains. It has 195 square kilometers of deep wilderness and lofty, rocky peaks. In addition to being a well-liked hiking destination, Waterton Lakes National Park is home to numerous wildlife, including bison, wolves, and bears.

10. Mount Rainier National Park – United States – 1899

Pierce and Lewis Counties in Washington State are home to this American national park. Mount Rainier National Park is the fourth-oldest in the US, having opened for visitors in 1899. It spans 369 square miles and contains the entirety of the massive stratovolcano Mount Rainier. In addition, it safeguards waterfalls, valleys, old-growth forests, subalpine meadows, and the Cascade Range.

Overview of the Ten Oldest National Parks in the Entire World

Oldest National Parks in the Entire World Location Date Established
Bogd Khan Uul National Park Mongolia 1783
Yellowstone National Park United States 1872
Royal National Park Australia 1879
Banff National Park Canada 1885
Yoho National Park Canada 1886
Tongariro National Park New Zealand 1887
Sequoia National Park United States 1890
Yosemite National Park United States 1890
Waterton Lakes National Park Canada 1895
Mount Rainier National Park United States 1899