World History

Sweden | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

Information about Sweden:

Capital Stockholm
Population 10,622,685 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Stockholm (capital), Gothenburg, Malmo, Uppsala, Helsingborg, Lund, Västerås
Borders Norway to the west, Finland to the northeast and the Baltic Sea & Gulf of Bothnia to the south and east
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $585,939,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Swedish krona (SEK)

Flag of Sweden:

Sweden Economy Key Industries:

Sweden Major Industries: iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles

Sweden Agricultural Products: barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk

Sweden Natural Resources: iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower

Sweden Major Exports: machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals

Sweden Major Imports: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing

The Geography of Sweden:

Total Size of Sweden: 449,964 square km

Geographical Low Point of Sweden: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.41 m

Geographical High Point of Sweden: Kebnekaise 2,111 m

Climate of Sweden: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north

General Terrain of Sweden: mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west

World Region or Continent of Sweden:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 62 00 N, 15 00 E

Major Landforms of Sweden: Scandinavian Mountains, Gotland Island, Oland Island, Norrland region, Svealand region, Gotaland region

Major Bodies of Water: Lake Vanern, Lake Vattern, Lake Siljan, Angerman River, Eman River, Indal River, Hano Bay, Gulf of Bothnia, Sea of Bothnia, Baltic Sea

Famous Places of Sweden: 

Stockholm Palace,
Ice Hotel,
Kosterhavet National Park,
Borgholm Castle,
Drottningholm Palace,
Gamla stan in Stockholm,
Kalmar Castle,
Vasa Museum,
Oresund Bridge,
Nobel Museum

The People of  Sweden & Culture

Sweden Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Sweden Nationality: Swede(s)

Sweden National Holiday: Flag Day, 6 June

Other Holidays of Sweden: New Years’ Day (January 1), Epiphany Day (January 6), Good Friday, May Day (May 1), Ascension Day (May 29), Sweden’s National Day (June 6), Midsummer’s Eve, Christmas (December 25)

Sweden Independence: 6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king)

Sweden National Symbol:

  • Animal – Lion, Elk
  • Flower – Linnea
  • Bird – Blackbird
  • Tree – Silver birch (Ornasbjork)
  • Motto – “For Sweden – With the Times”
  • Colors – Blue and yellow
  • National emblem – Three Crowns
  • Other symbols – Dala horse, Mother Svea

Sweden National Anthem or Song: Du Gamla, Du Fria (Thou Ancient, Thou Free)

Sweden Languages Spoken: Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities

Sweden Religions: Lutheran 87%, Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist

Famous Peoples of Sweden:

Names Professions
Greta Garbo Actress
Zlata Ibrahimovic Soccer player
Stieg Larsson Author
Astrid Lindgren Author of children’s books
Henrik Lundqvist Hockey player
Alfred Nobel Scientist who invented dynamite
Ann-Margret Actress
Annika Sorenstam Professional golfer
Gustav Vasa King of Sweden, founder of modern Sweden
Charles XII King of Sweden during the Great Northern War
Anders Celsius Scientist and astronomer, invented the Celsius temperature scale
Ray Bradbury Author who wrote Fahrenheit 451
Bjorn Borg Tennis player
Ingrid Bergman Actress
ABBA Rock group

Interesting Facts about Sweden:

Sweden’s population is about 10.3 million. This is almost twice the population of Norway. It is also much larger than the other Scandinavian country Denmark with a population of around 5.8 million people.

Sweden imports waste from Norway. Swedes love recycling. Only 1% of waste is sent to landfill, 50% is recycled or composted and 49% is incinerated for energy. This may sound like great news, but it’s causing a major problem that there isn’t enough waste left to keep the incinerators running.

More than half of Sweden is covered in forests, and about 57% of Sweden is covered in forests. Specifically, it is 23 million hectares, which is equivalent to the area of ​​the United Kingdom.

There is a hotel made of ice. In Sweden there is a famous ice hotel in Jukkasjärvi village. The hotel is built each year using two tonnes of ice blocks harvested from the nearby Torne River.

Yes, fika is really great. Everyone wants to get as much time off work as possible, and in Sweden this idea is firmly embedded in the culture. This practice is called “fika” and is recognized as two breaks a day for workers to enjoy coffee, cake and conversation.

Environmental awareness is deeply rooted in Swedish culture and the Nordic countries in general, which is why Scandinavia is one of the cleanest and most progressive countries in the world. The public relies heavily on public transportation and recycling, and organic (organic) food is very accessible.

Home to many global companies and iconic brands. Sweden is home to many leading design, manufacturing and technology companies such as IKEA, Ericsson, H&M, Volvo, Saab, Scania Trucks and Electrolux.

A Swedish passport is one of the most powerful passports in the world. The Swedish passport ranks 5th in the current ranking of the world’s best passports and allows visa-free travel from Sweden to 133 countries around the world.