World History

Suriname | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Suriname

History of Suriname:

Suriname was inhabited by Arawak and Caribbean tribes. Columbus, he was the first European to discover this coast in 1498, and Spain claimed the area in 1593. But the first settlers he was the Dutch in 1616. In 1667 Suriname became a Dutch colony called Dutch Guiana.

In 1975 the colony became the independent state of Suriname. Since then, the country has witnessed a series of military coups.

Information about Suriname:

Capital Paramaribo
Population 624,068 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Paramaribo (capital), Lelydorp, Brokopondo, Nieuw Nickerie
Borders Atlantic Ocean to the north, by French Guiana to the east, by Brazil to the south, and by Guyana to the west
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $3,620,655,116 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Surinam dollar (SRD)

Flag of Suriname:

Suriname Economy Key Industries:

Suriname Major Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing

Suriname Agricultural Products: paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; shrimp; forest products

Suriname Natural Resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

Suriname Major Exports: alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas

Suriname Major Imports: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods

The Geography of Suriname:

Total Size of Suriname: 163,820 sq km (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Suriname: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m

Geographical High Point of Suriname: Juliana Top 1,230 m

Climate of Suriname: Tropical; moderated by trade winds

General Terrain of Suriname: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

World Region or Continent of Suriname:  South America

Geographical Coordinates: 4 00 N, 56 00 W

The People of  Suriname & Culture

Suriname Government Type: constitutional democracy

Suriname Nationality: Surinamer(s)

Suriname National Holiday: Independence Day, 25 November (1975)

Suriname Independence: 25 November 1975 (from Netherlands)

Suriname National Symbol:

Suriname National Anthem or Song: God zij met ons Suriname! (God Be With Our Suriname)

Suriname Languages Spoken: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

Suriname Religions: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%

Interesting Facts about Suriname:

Formerly known as Dutch Guiana. From 1667 until he 1954, Suriname was a Dutch colony.

Suriname has territorial disputes with Guyana and French Guiana.

Suriname is the smallest country in South America, while Brazil is the largest of them. Suriname is also the least populated country in South America. Traditional Surinamese dish, chicken satay and fried rice. Chicken rice is the national dish of Suriname.

Suriname is also written as “Suriname”. Officially, the spelling of “Suriname” was changed to “Suriname” in January 1978.

Suriname has a river called “Suriname River”, also known as Koppename. The Suriname River is 480 km long.

The Krantin and Maroni rivers are her other two major rivers in the country. All these rivers flow north into the Atlantic Ocean.

The highest precipitation is in the central and southeastern parts of the country.

About 350 species of fish live in the country’s coastal and inland waters.

In 1954 Suriname became a member of the Netherlands and became an independent state in November 1975.

Suriname is also the only non-European region where the majority of the population speaks Dutch. Dutch is the native language of about 24 million people and is her third most widely spoken West Germanic language after English and German. It is also spoken in the Netherlands, Belgium, Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.

Despite Suriname’s small population, the country has a diverse population of people from different ethnic, religious and linguistic groups.

Indigenous people are estimated to have lived in the area since 3,000 BC. live.

The name Suriname is believed to be derived from the indigenous “Taino” people who called themselves “Suriname”. These people lived in the area at the time of contact with Europeans.

Suriname has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Culture (1): Historic downtown Paramaribo (2002). Natural (1): Central Suriname Nature Reserve (2000).

Juliana Top is the highest mountain in Suriname. The altitude is 1,286 meters.

Suriname occupies a slightly larger area than Georgia.

Suriname is famous for water lilies and orchids.

Suriname is one of the world’s largest bauxite producers.

Suriname is also home to the Central Suriname Reserve, one of the largest rainforest reserves in the world. It is also registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Rainforest occupies four-fifths of his southern part of the country.

Most of the country’s area, about nine-tenths, is covered with heterogeneous forests containing more than 1,000 tree species.

The tapir is Suriname’s largest land mammal.

Indians are the indigenous people of Suriname. Today, however, their population in the country has dwindled to a mere fraction.