World History

Slovenia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Slovenia:

For nearly a thousand years, Slovenians practiced a form of democracy in which Slovenian peasants were ruled by dukes, but they had a say in how they were governed. Slovenia was ruled by the Habsburg Empire from the 13th century until after World War I in 1918. Slovenia was part of the Habsburg Empire, but managed to preserve its own culture and language.

Slovenia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in her 1918 and later became the country of Yugoslavia. After World War II, Yugoslavia became a communist state led by Josip Broz Tito and was partially ruled by the Soviet Union. After Tito’s death in 1980, Slovenia began to introduce democracy, contrary to what Yugoslavia said. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989, Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia. Slovenia remains a stable democracy and, despite its small size, plays an important role in world affairs. In 2004 Slovenia joined the European Union. 

Information about Slovenia:

Capital Ljubljana
Population 2,119,552 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Ljubljana (capital), Maribor, Kranj, Koper, Ptuj, Novo mesto, Nova Gorica 
Borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $62,117,768,015 (2022 worldometer)
Currency tolar (SIT)

Flag of Slovenia:

Slovenia Economy Key Industries:

Slovenia Major Industries: ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools

Slovenia Agricultural Products: potatoes, hops, wheat, sugar beets, corn, grapes; cattle, sheep, poultry

Slovenia Natural Resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower, forests

Slovenia Major Exports: manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food

Slovenia Major Imports: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, food

The Geography of Slovenia:

Total Size of Slovenia: 20,273 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Slovenia: Adriatic Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Slovenia: Triglav 2,864 m

Climate of Slovenia: Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east

General Terrain of Slovenia: short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east

World Region or Continent of Slovenia:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 46 07 N, 14 49 E

The People of  Slovenia & Culture

Slovenia Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Slovenia Nationality: Slovene(s)

Slovenia National Holiday: Independence Day/Statehood Day, 25 June (1991)

Slovenia Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

Slovenia National Symbol: Mount Triglav

Slovenia National Anthem or Song: Zdravljica (A Toast)

Slovenia Languages Spoken: Slovenian 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4% (2002 census)

Slovenia Religions: Catholic 57.8%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 2.4%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1% (2002 census)

Interesting Facts about Slovenia:

Sorukhan Bridge is the longest stone arch bridge in the world Built between 1900 and 1906, it is 220 meters long and consists of 4533 stone blocks.

Potika is a rolled pastry and he is one of the best Slovenian dishes you must try during your stay. Locals reserve this pastry for the most important occasions. However, you can find different variations in different restaurants across the country.

Slovenians have taken part in many adventures around the world throughout history. For example, Dabo Karnicar in Slovenia was the first to ski down Mount Everest. On the other hand, the couple who climbed Everest for the first time also came from here.

For the Slovenian people, beekeeping is not just an activity, it is also a way of life where they use their knowledge to care for their bees. Slovenia is also the perfect habitat for the carniolan bees that produce the wonderful honey found in this country. For this reason, some people in Slovenia take up beekeeping as a hobby.

Wine is part of everyday life. It’s not just wine that’s popular. In Maribor you can see the oldest vines in the world still growing grapes. The vines are estimated to be around 400 years old.

More than 500 brown bears live in the forest. But don’t worry. These bears are mostly vegetarians and rarely go hunting as they gather a lot of other food.