A Chinese shar-pei might be the ancient dog breed you’re looking for if you want to acquire one with a charming face and plenty of loyalty. The Chinese shar-pei, often called Peis or just shar-pei, is still a rare breed of guard dog that is fit for a king or queen. The shar-pei is a wonderful addition to households with older children; they are affectionate with family members and cautious of strangers.
Discover more about shar-pei growth stages, training advice, and general information by reading on. You’ll also find out how much your shar-pei will weigh when fully grown and when to spay or neuter them.
The stunning shar-pei is approximately 18 to 20 inches tall and weighs 45 to 60 pounds, while some breed members claim to have reached weights higher than the breed average. The shar-pei has an average lifespan of eight to twelve years old, which is long for a bigger dog.
The American Kennel Club characterizes shar-pei temperament as peaceful, self-reliant, and devoted. Shar-peis have a distinctive look, consisting of a wrinkled “smush” face, a curled tail, and a coat that resembles sandpaper. For the shar-pei puppy to develop into a well-mannered, socialized adult, they require constant training.
Age-Based Growth and Weight Chart for Shar-Peis
The graph below offers a ballpark estimate of a shar-pei’s growth trend by gender, though weights may differ among breed members.
When Will My Shar Pei Stop Growing?
Owner of PetMeTwice.com and seasoned veterinarian Dr. Mollie Newton provided AZ Animals with her knowledge on shar-peis. She went into great detail about the breed’s temperament, trainability, and growth milestones.
“[Shar-peis are] distinguished by their characteristic wrinkles, which are most noticeable in their puppy form. These creases become less noticeable as they grow, usually reaching their full size by nine to twelve months, according to Dr. Newton.
In order to guarantee excellent behavior in the future, owners of shar peis should closely monitor their skin as they grow and make a concerted effort to socialize them in various settings. “Key developmental milestones for shar-peis include socialization, particularly between three and 14 weeks of age,” according to Dr. Newton, who corroborated these training factors. Because of its folds, this breed is prone to irritation and infection, so it’s important to keep an eye out for any signs of these conditions as they grow.
How Big Will My Shar-Pei Be When It’s Fully Grown?
The “normal” shar-pei, according to breed standards, will reach a height of 18 to 20 inches (at the withers) and a mature weight of 45 to 60 pounds. Neither the Chinese Shar-Pei Club of America nor the American Kennel Club stipulate a standard length for a dog’s body.
When Should My Shar-Pei Be Spayed or Neutered?
The ideal age to spay or neuter your shar-pei is mostly determined by how physically mature they are. Owners should see their veterinarian for advice on the ideal timing for surgery. Sharpei puppies are neutered on average between four months (the neutering period) and a year.
Veterinarians find that surgery on a shar-pei is somewhat easier because of its medium-large size; nonetheless, the breed’s health issues and problems can make medical treatments more complex. It is typically possible to spay or neuter healthy shar-peis before their first heat cycle or before their first birthday if they are comfortable being sedated.
When Should My Shar-Pei Be House Broken?
The intelligence of the shar-pei breed makes housebreaking them comparatively simple. After a few weeks of training, your shar-pei ought to be almost housebroken. When your eight-week-old shar-pei puppy comes home, if you begin potty training them that same week, they should be completely housebroken by the time they are four or five months old.
Like house training any dog, house training a shar-pei requires consistency and patience. Take your shar-pei outside every two to three hours once you begin toilet training. When your dog drinks a lot of water at once, after meals, during play, or during naps, take them outside right away.
If an accident does occur inside, take your shar-pei outside to teach them where is a good location to relieve themselves. When you return inside, clean up the mess right away and use carpet, wall, or floor cleaners that remove ammonia from your shar-pei’s urine. Your shar-pei may come to think that’s their “spot” to relieve themselves if you don’t get rid of the smell.
When Should My Shar-Pei Stop Eating Puppy Food?
By the conclusion of their first year of life, shar-pei puppies can start switching to adult food. They should be toilet trained, have reached nearly adult weight, lost all of their baby teeth, and have probably already had spaying or neutering by the time they are 12 months old. For final confirmation to switch, as with most pet health decisions, speak with your veterinarian. A shar-pei’s growth and development may be harmed by a transition that occurs too soon or too late.
Make the gradual transition of your shar-pei from puppy to adult diet. You won’t allow your shar-pei’s stomach enough time to adjust to the new tastes and nutrients if you switch their diet “cold turkey.” Their intestines’ microbes will find it difficult to adapt to the change. When switching, take your time and be careful; otherwise, your dog can throw up, have diarrhea, or have gastrointestinal distress.
When Will My Shar-Pei Start Losing Teeth?
Dr. Newton states that puppies will start to gnaw between the ages of four and six months. During the few weeks that teething lasts, you might or might not witness baby teeth erupt throughout your house. Sharp-pei breeds are nonetheless susceptible to tooth problems, just like many other breeds. You can extend your dog’s life by years by brushing their teeth twice a week, a habit you should start while they are very young. How? You may enhance the health of your shar-pei’s kidneys, liver, heart, and joints by preventing dental problems.
Owners may anticipate a rise in their shar-pei’s overall pain during teething. Use only chews and toys that are safe for dogs. Your shar-pei puppy’s sore gums will be soothed by chew toys soaked in chicken broth or frozen veggies that have been approved by the veterinarian.
When Should My Shar-Pei Receive Training?
You can begin training your shar-pei as soon as you bring them home. Because most shar-peis have an independent, obstinate bent, training a dog with consistency and patience early on will make it much easier to train as it gets older. Additionally, it builds a respectful bond between you and your dog, which is essential for training.
Dr. Newton affirmed, “Training a shar-pei requires a patient and consistent approach.” They are smart dogs, but dealing with their stubbornness can be difficult. The best way to elicit desired behaviors is to use positive reinforcement strategies, including praise and awards.
Dr. Newton recommended early and regular training to optimize a shar-pei’s potential to develop into a well-mannered adult. According to her, “it’s critical to start training as early as possible and keep up consistency throughout their development to counteract their innate wariness and mitigate potential tendencies toward aggression.”
What Cues Should I Teach My Shar-Pei First?
To add even more enjoyment to their lives, shar-pei parents should concentrate on a few more orders in addition to the traditional “sit,” “stay,” and “come” commands. Among them are:
Both up and down and off.
Be mindful about leash manners.
The self-reliance and large build of the shar-pei combine to make for a disastrous puppy walk. Working regularly on memory will provide your shar-pei the ability to remain safe in stressful situations by surpassing any external cues that they may find appealing.
When it comes to controlling jumping or climbing, shar-pei puppy owners will find the up/on and down/off commands to be quite helpful. Let’s say you are attempting to eat on the couch or are opening the door for a close family friend. If so, these directives assist in managing your shar-pei’s energy and establish a distinct line between appropriate and inappropriate conduct.
It is possible to begin teaching shar-pei puppyhood leash etiquette. When it comes to leash manners, your dog should know how to walk by you on a leash, sit at the door so you can put on their collar, harness, and/or leash, and refrain from yanking on the leash when out for a walk. As your shar-pei gets older, you can incorporate more complex cues into the leash manners you desire, such as turning with you on a walk and allowing you pass through thresholds first.
As you engage with your dog in any setting, keep in mind that the most effective method of training is still positive reinforcement.
When Will My Shar-Pei Calm Down?
Although shar-pei dogs have a peaceful disposition when they are fully grown, their two-year-old puppies can be quite playful, which keeps owners on their toes the entire time. Even owners of four-year-old Shar-Peis report that their dog still exhibits “puppy energy,” proving that it is still breed-specific.
Generally speaking, shar-peis lack some of the smaller breeds’ excessive excitability and puppy energy (such as the Jack Russell terrier). Their owners have their job cut out for them because of their abundance of attitude and overprotectiveness.
A shar-pei’s puppy intransigence should subside with several months of regular training. As previously indicated, shar-peis have a streak of independence in their temperaments, therefore owners must educate their dogs effectively to prevent problems (such a crazy or unruly dog) later on.
Dr. Newton continued, “The socialization process should expose them to various people, animals, and environments.” “[This] ensures they interact positively in various situations and tempers their protective instincts.”
Common Health Problems Your Shar-Pei May Face
Several intriguing and distinct health issues that few other breeds are concerned about affect Shar-pei dogs. In addition to usual health problems including hip dysplasia, patella luxation, and hypothyroidism, shar-peis are more likely to experience ocular problems. A shar-pei may develop any number of ocular conditions, some of which include:
Canine retinal degeneration is known as SARDS, or Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome. Acute, irreversible blindness is the result.
Glaucoma is a condition where fluid in a dog’s eyes doesn’t drain correctly, which raises the pressure inside the eye.
Dogs with entropion roll their eyes inside rather than outward. This damages the dog’s cornea and obstructs its vision.
An eye condition called retinal dysplasia has the potential to cause blindness.
In addition, swollen hock syndrome, commonly referred to as familial shar-pei fever, and skin fold infections—particularly on the face of the dog—are common skin problems in shar-peis.