Essay

See the 2 Vultures Found in Ohio and How to Identify Them

The Department of Natural Resources of the state of Ohio claims that there are just two kinds of vultures in the region. The black vulture and the turkey vulture are both scavengers that prefer to eat dead animals over prey. Because the two species differ in their morphological characteristics, it is not too difficult to identify between them. The habits and behaviours of the two distinct species also differ from one another. We will compare the two species’ physical characteristics and behaviours in order to accurately identify each one.

You can identify a few distinguishable features by examining their features both from the air and while they are on the ground. When flying, the most obvious distinctions are found in the head, legs, and wings. Knowing the distinction between the two vulture species is useful for both residents and farmers. It is important to look out for these scavengers in order to keep an eye on tiny pets and young cattle. One will be able to distinguish between the two species after reading this essay. Furthermore, everyone who lives in Ohio or is considering a visit should educate themselves on the two species of vultures that live there!

Black Vultures

The black head, which gives them their name, is the first feature to help identify a black vulture. It is thought that the majority of vulture species developed a featherless head to avoid disgrace during feeding. However, the black vulture does not have the typical red skin found on other vulture species; instead, it is proud of its black head. The black vulture, with its dark, almost crow-like appearance, wonderfully captures the negative, stereotyped air associated with vultures.

When they are on the ground, black vultures can also be distinguished from turkey vultures by their attitude. Compared to turkey vultures, black vultures have a broader space between their feet and a longer tail. Even when a black vulture is too far away to be seen with the naked eye, it can still be identified by other characteristics. Even when they are soaring high above the earth, a few distinct characteristics can still be used to identify a black vulture. Black vultures spread their wings straight and parallel to one another when they soar or circle in search of prey. When viewed from below, their wings have a rounder, more curved appearance, and a circular tail sits behind the wings.

The Destructive Ways of Black Vultures!

Additionally, black vultures have the potential to do a great deal more harm than turkey vultures. Sometimes seen in woods close to towns and cities, black vultures nest in big numbers. They can use their claws to inflict harm to houses and businesses in these situations. Black vultures’ keen claws have destroyed pool covers, vent seals, window caulking, and roof shingles. Moreover, they damage rubber wipers and window seals on cars that are parked outdoors, requiring costly repairs.

Another major issue is the byproducts of black vultures resting in large flocks near population centres. They frequently vomit and excrete faeces, which can build up on communication towers, roots, and even electrical system components. Power outages could result from this, which would certainly affect the entire town! Although they are mostly scavengers, black vultures will sometimes prey on smaller animals. Black vultures can prey on calves, lambs, and piglets, which causes problems for farmers dealing with these scavengers.

Ohio farmers can now deal with black vultures under a mechanism set up by the state government under certain conditions. The Migratory Bird Treaty Act provides protection for black vultures because of their significant ecological function. As a result, using lethal action against black vultures requires a permit; otherwise, offenders risk penalties or jail time. A Livestock Indemnity Programme is also provided by the 2018 Farm Bill, allowing producers to apply for reimbursement for losses.

Turkey Vultures

It is not too difficult to identify turkey vultures, especially if you compare them to black vultures. The bright red head of turkey vultures is distinguishable from the entirely black head of black vultures. Turkey vultures also have a unique style of standing while you’re watching them up close. Their long wing feathers align with the feathers on its tail by folding against its body. Compared to black vultures, turkey vultures’ tails dip closer to the ground, almost scraping the earth.

A turkey vulture’s legs are the same vivid red colour as its head. The legs of a turkey vulture also stand considerably closer together than those of a black vulture. When observing a turkey vulture in flight, a few distinguishing characteristics aid in its identification. A flying turkey vulture searches for carcasses to scavenge while flying and holding its wings in a v-shape. A turkey vulture’s wings are angular compared to a black vulture’s more rounded shape when viewed from straight below.

Turkey Vulture Nesting Habits

In Ohio, most turkey vultures choose to build their nests in thickets of dense vegetation, hollow logs, and trees. The majority of the time, turkey vultures built these nests in pristine forests, distant from densely populated areas. Similar to Ohio’s black vultures, there have been more nests on the ground or in abandoned buildings in recent years. Remarkably, there appears to be no clear correlation between the placement of these nests and the roosting preferences of turkey vultures.

Turkey vultures have benefited from the protection, and as a result, the species is rather abundant in the state. The turkey vulture population is least dense in the areas that are most extensively covered with agricultural. This is probably because farmers scare birds away from their cattle in an effort to prevent mishaps. Adult turkey vultures that are breeding can travel up to 8–12 miles, demonstrating the lengths these scavengers can go to in order to find food. Turkey vultures’ statewide distribution hasn’t altered much in the past century, but they are gradually moving northward over the Great Lakes region.