World History

Russian Revolution of World War I

The Russian Revolution occurred in 1917 as a result of a peasant and working-class uprising against Tsar Nicholas II’s rule. Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries known as the Bolsheviks led them. The Soviet Union was a nation founded by the new communist regime.

The Russian Tsars

Russia was dominated by a strongman known as the Tsar before the revolution. Russian tsars held complete authority. He was in charge of the army, owned a lot of the property, and even had influence over the church.

Life was extremely difficult for peasants and members of the working class prior to the Russian Revolution. They were subjected to hazardous working conditions, received meagre pay, and frequently went without food. Peasants were regarded like animals by the aristocracy, who gave them few legal protections and treated them like slaves.

Bloody Sunday

On January 22, 1905, a significant event that eventually led to the Russian Revolution took place. Workers in large numbers marched to the Tsar’s palace to deliver a petition for improved working conditions. Soldiers opened fire on them, killing or injuring a large number of individuals. Bloody Sunday is the name of this day.

Before Bloody Sunday, the Tsar was revered and seen as on their side by many peasants and members of the working class. Instead of the Tsar, they put the responsibility for their problems on the administration. The Tsar was, however, viewed as an adversary of the working class following the shootings, and the yearning for revolution grew.

World War I

1914 saw the start of World War I, and Russia and Germany were at war. By enlisting individuals from the working class and the peasantry, a sizable Russian army was created. Despite having a large force, the Russian army’s men lacked the tools and training necessary for combat. Many of them were given no supplies, including food and guns, before going into fight. Over the following three years, approximately 2 million Russian soldiers lost their lives in combat and close to 5 million more sustained injuries. The Tsar was blamed by the Russian people for entering the war and losing so many of their young soldiers.

The February Revolution

Early in 1917, the Russian people rose up for the first time. When some workers made the decision to strike, the revolution got started. Several of these employees met up to talk politics during the strike. They started rioting. Nicholas II, the Tsar, gave the army orders to put down the uprising. Many soldiers, nevertheless, baulked at opening fire on the Russian populace, and the army started to rebel against the Tsar.

The troops rebelled against the Tsar after a few days of violence. As a result of the Tsar’s forced abdication, a new administration was established. Two political parties controlled the government: the Petrograd Soviet, which represented the workers and soldiers, and the Provisional Government, which represented the old-style government without the Tsar.

Bolshevik Revolution

Russia was governed by the two parties for several months after that. The Bolsheviks were one of the main groups in the Petrograd Soviet. Vladimir Lenin served as their leader, and they held the opinion that the new Russian government ought to be a Marxist (communist) administration. In what is known as the Bolshevik Revolution, Lenin seized complete power in October 1917. The first communist nation in the world was now Russia.

Results

Following the revolution, Russia left World War I by agreeing to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, a peace agreement with Germany. The transition from a rural to an industrial economy in Russia was made possible by the new government’s takeover of all industries. Additionally, it took farmland from landowners and gave it to the peasants. Religion was outlawed in many facets of life, and women were granted the same privileges as males.

The Bolsheviks (also known as the Red Army) and the anti-Bolsheviks (also known as the White Army) fought a civil war in Russia from 1918 to 1920. The new nation was known as the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) when the Bolsheviks claimed victory.

Facts about the Russian Revolution that are Interesting

The Romanov House produced the Russian Tsar for 303 years.

Despite starting on March 8 by our calendar, the Russian (Julian) calendar dates the February Revolution to February 23, not March 8.

The October Revolution is another name for the Bolshevik Revolution.

Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, and Vladimir Lenin served as the primary leaders of the Bolsheviks. Stalin cemented his position after Lenin’s death in 1924 and expelled Trotsky.

The Bolsheviks killed Tsar Nicholas II and his entire family on July 17, 1918.