Risks of Teen Pregnancy and Early Marriage in the U.S.

Teen pregnancy involves challenging situations for your teen, your family, or someone you know who is going through one.

Teen pregnancy is a rising threat that presents special difficulties. It’s critical to educate yourself on the hazards of teen pregnancy and practical advice for handling the condition and its complications.

The good news is that teen pregnancies have decreased in the United States during the 1990s.

The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unwanted Pregnancy estimates that in 2013, there were little over 26 births per 1,000 teenage girls between the ages of 15 and 19.

The bad news is that rules prohibiting early marriage make it challenging and that underage females still face numerous hazards during pregnancy and childbirth.

Early pregnancy and marriage

Early marriage and teen pregnancy are closely related.

Teenage marriage and pregnancy disrupt education, restrict career and future options, and put girls at grave danger for domestic abuse and HIV infections.

Obviously, getting married young is a bad decision.

Teen pregnancy risk

Teen females are often not prepared for the burden that pregnancy brings, and the majority of teen pregnancies are unplanned. Here is a summary of the dangers associated with teen pregnancy.

They might not know how to care for their bodies during pregnancy, to start with.

Many women may not discover they are pregnant for several months, or if they do, they may conceal it for a considerable amount of time.

Accordingly, the teen expectant woman might not take regular prenatal vitamins or receive appropriate prenatal care from a physician.

Some people might be concerned about costs without learning that many states provide programs that help teen moms seek treatment.

Unfortunately, high blood pressure and preeclampsia are more likely to occur in pregnant teenagers. If left untreated, these conditions can have a detrimental effect on the young mother’s health.

There may be more teen births.

Five times as likely as older women to conceive another child during their teen years are teen mothers who have previously had one child. Although it can seem strange, teen mothers frequently have several pregnancies.

This is both a tragic outcome for the young, overburdened parent and a serious risk of teen pregnancy.

Death of teen mothers in childbirth

Sadly, women who give birth before turning 15 have a larger risk of dying during childbirth than do women who are 20 or older.

They are actually five times more likely to die, which is a significant figure.

There are dangers as well for older teenage girls, ages 15 to 19. Around 70,000 teenagers in that age group who are pregnant pass away from problems during childbirth each year.

A baby’s risks during birthing

Premature births before the child is ready to enter the world are more common in teen mothers.

This raises the likelihood that the infant would experience delivery complications like respiratory, visual, or developmental problems, as well as mortality.

Teenage pregnancies carry a significant medical risk in that teen women are more likely to deliver babies who are underweight at birth (although some full-term babies can also be underweight at delivery in addition to premature babies).

Low birth weight infants often have a lower chance of thriving at birth and may require additional care, possibly including stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Higher likelihood of STDs

Teens who engage in sexual activity run a greater risk of developing STDs, which can endanger their health and, if they become pregnant, the unborn child as well.

Postpartum depression

Teen moms had a higher risk of postpartum depression, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. They could feel alone or unprepared for this change in their lives, and they might not be aware that they are having a problem or where to turn for assistance.

To better care for themselves and their unborn children, depressed teen females should discuss therapy choices with their doctor.

The pressure to get married young

There are numerous options to think about when teen girls are faced with the possibility of having a child.

If they do not plan to place the child for adoption or are unlikely to get parental assistance in raising the child, the girl may feel that she has little choice but to wed the father.

While these teen marriages occasionally succeed in the long run, this is not always the case.

The teenage girl is probably not prepared for the commitment of marriage or the duty of caring for a child. If the father is also fairly young, he might not have the experience or maturity to support a new wife and child financially or emotionally.

Dropping out of school

It’s sometimes impossible for teenage ladies to continue with their studies when they become pregnant, have children, or even get married.

While many teen moms who drop out of school do so with the intention of doing so temporarily, the longer they are out of school, the more difficult it is for them to return.

They prioritize sustaining this new family above considering furthering their education because there are so many obligations associated with a newborn and, maybe, a new marriage.

Laws may restrict teen marriage.

The legislation in various states can make things a little challenging for some new adolescent parents, even though they may wish to be married.

For instance, parents must be present (with ID) and obtain a court order in Alabama for teenagers who are 15–17 years old (bring a birth certificate). Other states have a minimum marriage age of 16.

You don’t have need your parents to be there in some states. Make sure to study your state’s legislation so you are completely aware of the requirements and age restrictions.

Although the percentage of teen mothers in the population has decreased from just 20 or 30 years ago, there are still significant concerns for those who are still giving birth at a young age.

The baby also confronts significant dangers throughout pregnancy and delivery for teen mothers. Teen mothers may also want to get married early, however even that is subject to legal restrictions.

How may teen pregnancy be avoided?

Teenagers should be protected from unintended pregnancies as much as possible. The best way to stop unwanted pregnancies is via education and raising awareness of the risks of teen pregnancy.

In every state in the US, groups that support the prevention of teen pregnancy are actively funded through evidence-based programs.

Teenage girls and boys must have a thorough grasp of sexual abstinence, effective contraception alternatives, the unavoidable repercussions of unexpected pregnancy, and the risks of teen pregnancy in order to prevent teen pregnancy.