World History

Reformation During Renaissance Times

In the Renaissance, there was the Reformation. It was a rift in the Catholic Church that gave rise to Protestantism, a new branch of Christianity.

People reading Bible has increased.

The majority of people who could read and write during the Middle Ages were monks and priests. But as the Renaissance progressed, more and more people acquired literacy skills and became educated. At the same time, the printing press was created, making it possible to quickly publish and disseminate both new ideas and Bible verses. For the first time, people could read the Bible for themselves.

Martin Luther

As he studied the Bible, a monk by the name of Martin Luther started to challenge the practises of the Catholic Church. He discovered a lot of instances where, in his opinion, the Bible and the Catholic Church diverged. Luther pinned a list of 95 areas where he believed the Church had erred on a Catholic church’s door on October 31, 1517.

Fewer Funds for the Church

Luther opposed a number of customs, including the purchase of indulgences. By paying the church money, people may pardon their sins through this practise. The Catholics started to lose money after Luther pinned his list on the Church. This infuriated them. He was expelled from the church and labelled a heretic. Although it may not seem horrible today, heretics were frequently executed back then.

Reform Spreads through Northern Europe

Martin Luther was not alone in believing that the Catholic Church had degenerated into corruption. A large portion of northern Europe started to break away from the Catholic Church. The Lutheran Church and the Reformed Church were two of the many new churches that were established. John Calvin, a pioneer of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland, also spoke out against the Catholic Church.

The Church of England

The Church of England separated from the Roman Catholic Church in a distinct separation from the Catholic Church. This was regarding a separate subject. The Catholic Church forbade King Henry VIII from divorcing his wife because she had failed to bear him a male heir. He made the decision to leave the Roman Catholic Church and found his own, divorce-friendly church, the Church of England.

War

Regrettably, disputes over the Reformation eventually sparked a number of wars. While some tyrants adopted Protestantism, others continued to support the Catholic Church. Martin Luther’s native land of Germany saw action in the Thirty Years War, which engaged almost all of the European nations. According to estimates, between 25% and 40% of the German population perished during the war, which was disastrous.