World History

Puerto Rico | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Puerto Rico

History of Puerto Rico:

Puerto Rico was inhabited by Taino Indians for centuries when Christopher Columbus arrived in 1493. Columbus claimed the island for Spain and named it San Juan Bautista after John the Baptist. Conqueror Juan Ponce de Leon founded Capala as the first settlement on the island.

He later became the colony’s first governor. Over the years, disease nearly wiped out the Taino people. After the Spanish-American War of 1898, Puerto Rico became a territory of the United States. In 1917 Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship.

Information about Puerto Rico:

Capital San Juan
Population 3,261,522 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities San Juan (capital), Bayamón, Carolina
Borders Two small islands off the east coast, Vieques and Culebra, are administratively parts of Puerto Rico, as is Mona Island to the west
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $113,434,800,000 (2022 dataworldbank)
Currency US dollar (USD)

Flag of Puerto Rico:

Puerto Rico Economy Key Industries:

Puerto Rico Major Industries: pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism

Puerto Rico Agricultural Products: sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens

Puerto Rico Natural Resources: some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil

Puerto Rico Major Exports: chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment

Puerto Rico Major Imports: chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products

The Geography of Puerto Rico:

Total Size of Puerto Rico: 9,104 sq km(source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Puerto Rico: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Puerto Rico: Cerro de Punta 1,339 m

Climate of Puerto Rico: Tropical; marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation

General Terrain of Puerto Rico: mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas

World Region or Continent of Puerto Rico:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 18 15 N, 66 30 W

The People of Puerto Rico & Culture

Puerto Rico Government Type: commonwealth

Puerto Rico Nationality: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)

Puerto Rico National Holiday: US Independence Day, 4 July (1776); Puerto Rico Constitution Day, 25 July (1952)

Puerto Rico Independence: none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)

Puerto Rico National Symbol: Puerto Rican spindalis (bird); coqui (frog)

Puerto Rico National Anthem or Song: La Borinquena (The Puerto Rican)

Puerto Rico Languages Spoken: Spanish, English

Puerto Rico Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%.

Interesting Facts about Puerto Rico:

In 1493, Christopher Columbus reached the Enchanted Island and named it San Juan Bautista. Later, the island’s name became Puerto Rico, meaning “rich harbor”, due to the gold contained in the island’s rivers and streams. At that time, the capital was called San Juan.

Located east of the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico covers an area of ​​just 3,515 square miles, or 9,104 square kilometers.

The highest point is Cerro de Punta, described as “the best view in all of Puerto Rico.” Elevation he is 1,338 meters, or 4,390 feet.

The lowest point is the Caribbean Sea at zero meters above sea level.

Yes, Puerto Ricans are American citizens. This was made possible by his Jones-Shaphros Act of 1917, enacted nearly 20 years after the Spanish-American War. Despite this, islanders also retain Puerto Rican citizenship.

Believe it or not, Puerto Rico has 143 small islands, islets and bays. In addition, these islands have some of the most beautiful beaches in the world.

Puerto Rico is a US territory but has its own government and sovereignty. This also means they cannot vote in the US presidential election. However, the head of state is still POTUS. The head of government, the governor and the legislature, is his four-year term.

Interestingly, US citizens do not need a passport or visa to travel to her PR. In fact, the area is a perfect destination for a barrister or solicitor to meet her CLE requirements, thanks to the destination CLE and the ease of access to this island. With Destination CLE’s Education℠, you can relax on your well-deserved vacation and earn an additional 14 CLE credit hours in beautiful Puerto Rico. Click here for more information.

You don’t have to worry about exchanging US dollars in Puerto Rico.

Did you know that the Taino or Taino Indians are an indigenous people of the Arawak people who lived in the Caribbean and Florida? Classical Tainos are a group of people who lived on the islands of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. However, when the Spaniards came, the Tainos were nearly exterminated as they had no immunity to the infectious diseases introduced during colonization.

El Yunque National Forest is home to 183 species of animals and 240 species of plants. If you love natural wonders, you’ll love this spectacular rainforest hiking trail and waterfall.

Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with dry and wet seasons. December to May is typically the dry season, but expect natural disasters such as hurricanes from late June to November.

Of course, the island is full of beautiful sandy beaches, some of which are iconic, with military tank graffiti heavily painted on them. Flamenco Beach has these pools right next to turquoise waters and powdery white sand.

America’s tallest statue can be found at PR. Dubbed the “Birth of the New World,” its height is more than twice that of New York’s Statue of Liberty. Height is 360 feet, or 110 meters. This statue was a tribute to Columbus. Puerto Rico also has the largest cave system in the Western Hemisphere. The Rio Camuy Caves are an impressive network of caves spanning 268 hectares. Outdoor enthusiasts will love the mapped trails, underground waterfalls and deep canyons.

The Puerto Rico Trench in the North Atlantic is the deepest place in the ocean. It reaches depths of 8,400 meters, or over 27,500 feet.

Travel to Lajas, Fajardo or Vieques to find 3 of the 4 bioluminescent bays in the world as one of the most spectacular sights the world has ever seen. recommended. In addition, Vieques’ Mosquito Bay holds the Guinness World Record for being the brightest biobay in the world. La Parguera in Lajas offers wading, and Laguna His Grande in Fajardo offers night kayaking his tours.

The first nuclear power plant in the Caribbean is in Puerto Rico. However, it now functions only as a museum.

A small uninhabited island called Deseceo Island was used as a testing ground for the US Navy during World War II until 1952 and is still off-limits due to the presence of explosives. Located northeast of Mona Island, it was declared a tropical marine reserve in 2000.

This strange island is home to an endangered species of cactus called Higo Chumbo (Harrisia portoricensis).

Caja de Muertos, Gilligans Island, Palomino Island and Cayo Caracoles are just a few of Puerto Rico’s other uninhabited islands. Visitors are allowed to walk along the shore, but other restrictions may apply.

Home to Casa Bacardi, the Bacardi Family Museum, the Bacardi Distillery, and the Bacardi Pavilion, the Rum Cathedral is the largest rum distillery in the world. Additionally, Casa Bacardi Special Reserve is a special blend found only in Puerto Rico.