World History

North America | History, Facts, Geography of North America

North America is the 3rd largest of the seven continents. It faces the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. North America is dominated by her three largest countries: Canada, Mexico and the United States. Central America and the Caribbean are usually considered part of North America, but they have their own section here.

Although Columbus is widely credited with discovering America, North America was inhabited by many before the arrival of Europeans. This includes many Native American tribes in the United States and the Aztec civilization in what is now Mexico. In the 16th century, Europeans quickly colonized and conquered much of North America. The United States, the most populous country in North America, was founded in her late 18th century and has developed as a “melting pot” of people and cultures from all over the world.

The Geography of North America:

Population of North America: 180,873,990 (Source: 2013 Worldometer)

Total Area of North America: 24.71 million km²

Ranking of North America: It is the 3rd largest and the 4th most populous continent

Major Biomes of North America: desert, temperate forest, taiga, grasslands

Major cities of North America:

  • Toronto, Canada
  • Houston, USA
  • Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico
  • Montreal, Canada
  • Philadelphia, USA
  • Guadalajara, Mexico
  • Mexico City, Mexico
  • New York City, USA
  • Los Angeles, USA
  • Chicago, USA

Bordering Bodies of Water: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Straits of Florida

Major Geographical Features: Rocky Mountains, Sierra Madres, Appalachian Mountains, Coastal Range, Great Plains, Canadian Shield, Coastal Plain

Major Rivers and Lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Erie, Lake Winnipeg, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Colorado River, Rio Grande, Yukon River

Countries of North America: Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, Mexico, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, United States.

Interesting Facts about North America:

The most populous city in North America is Mexico City, Mexico. The most populous country is the United States (2010 Census).

The longest river in North America is the Mississippi-Missouri River system.

Lake Superior is the world’s largest freshwater lake by area. Located on the border of the United States and Canada. The country of Greenland is the largest island on earth.

North and South America are believed to be named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.

Canada’s area is slightly larger than the United States and it is her second largest country in the world after Russia in area.