World History

Niue | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Niue:

Niue’s remote location and cultural and linguistic differences between Polynesian inhabitants and the rest of the Cook Islands have kept Niue administered separately. The island’s population continues to decline (from a peak of 5,200 in her in 1966 to about 2,166 in 2006), leading to more immigration to New Zealand, 1,500 miles (2,400 km) southwest.

Information about Niue:

Capital Alofi
Population 1,935 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Alofi (capital), Hakupu, Avatele, Mutalau, Tuapa Village, Lakepa, Makefu Village
Borders Cook Islands, Samoa, and Tonga
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $24.938 million
Currency New Zealand dollar (NZD)

Flag of Niue:

Niue Economy Key Industries:

Niue Major Industries: tourism, handicrafts, food processing

Niue Agricultural Products: coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle

Niue Natural Resources: fish, arable land

Niue Major Exports: canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts

Niue Major Imports: food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs

The Geography of Niue:

Total Size of Niue: 261.5 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Niue: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Niue:  unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

Climate of Niue: Tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

General Terrain of Niue: steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

World Region or Continent of Niue:  Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 19 02 S, 169 52 W

The People of  Niue & Culture

Niue Government Type: self-governing parliamentary democracy

Niue Nationality: Niuean(s)

Niue National Holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)

Niue Independence: on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand

Niue National Symbol:

Niue National Anthem or Song: Ko e Iki he Lagi (The Lord in Heaven)

Niue Languages Spoken: Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English

Niue Religions: Niue is a small island country in the South Pacific Ocean. It’s nickname is ?the Rock?. Only around 1,400 people live there.

Interesting Facts about Niue:

Its nearest neighbors are Wallis and Futuna to the northwest, Samoa and American Samoa to the north, the Cook Islands to the east, Tonga to the southwest and Fiji to the west.

For unique marine life and a once-in-a-lifetime swim, find Niue by entering coordinates 19.0500 S, 169.9167 W.

The terrain here is dominated by steep limestone cliffs along the coast, with a beautiful central plateau.

The total area of ​​Niue is 100 square miles (260 square kilometers). The official languages ​​of Niue are Niuean and English.

Niue is actually a self-governing state freely associated with New Zealand, so Niueans are considered New Zealand citizens.

Thanks to its ties to New Zealand, Niue’s official currency is the New Zealand dollar.

Interestingly, New Zealand has more Niueans than Niue.

If you get in a car and drive around Niue, you’ll be surprised by the lack of traffic lights.

Niue grows coconuts, limes, yams, tapioca, passion fruit and sweet potatoes. We also raise pigs, cattle and poultry and produce honey.

The industry consists of food processing, manufacturing and handicrafts. Niue exports coconut milk, honey, vanilla, limes, passion fruit, soccer balls and handicrafts.