World History

New Caledonia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of New Caledonia:

New Caledonia is an island country in the South Pacific, near Australia. The largest island is New Caledonia. Other large islands include the Loyalty Islands and the Isle of Pines.

The islands were originally inhabited by the Lapita people. They came in 1500 BC. in New Caledonia. Much later, in the 10th century BC. BC, the Polynesians came.

Europeans began to come and settle on the island in the 19th century. Both the French and the British settled the island. In 1853 New Caledonia became a French colony. After 1854, the island served as a penal colony for some time, and the French sent prisoners and convicts to the island.

In the 1980s and 1990s, indigenous New Caledonians began to demand independence. According to the Nouméa Accords, more and more responsibilities will be shifted from France to New Caledonia. Between 2014 and 2019, the country could become fully independent.

Information about New Caledonia:

Capital Noumea
Population 293,502 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Noumea (capital), Le Mont-Dore, Dumbéa, Païta, Lifou, Maré, Koné, Bourail, Poindimié, Houaïlou
Borders Maritime borders with: Australia, the Fiji Islands, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $36,376 US (2007 wikipedia)
Currency Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF)

Flag of New Caledonia:

New Caledonia Economy Key Industries:

New Caledonia Major Industries: nickel mining and smelting

New Caledonia Agricultural Products:  vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products; fish

New Caledonia Natural Resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

New Caledonia Major Exports: ferronickels, nickel ore, fish

New Caledonia Major Imports: machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs

The Geography of New Caledonia:

Total Size of New Caledonia: 19,060 km2  (source: 2022 Wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of New Caledonia:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of New Caledonia: Mont Panie 1,628 m

Climate of New Caledonia:  tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

General Terrain of New Caledonia: coastal plains with interior mountains

World Region or Continent of New Caledonia:  Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 21 30 S, 165 30 E

The People of  New Caledonia & Culture

New Caledonia Government Type: NA

New Caledonia Nationality: New Caledonian(s)

New Caledonia National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

New Caledonia Independence:  none (overseas territory of France); note – a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014

New Caledonia National Symbol: kagu bird

New Caledonia National Anthem or Song: Soyons unis, devenons freres (Let Us Be United, Let Us Become Brothers)

New Caledonia Languages Spoken: French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

New Caledonia Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

Interesting Facts about New Caledonia:

New Caledonia is a French territory, but the islands are located in the South Pacific. It is also surrounded by various neighboring countries.

Hawaii is smaller than New Caledonia. The land area of ​​this archipelago is she spread over 18,576 square kilometers, or 7,172 square miles. Because of this, New Her Candelonia is larger than Hawaii, but smaller than other islands in the Pacific.

New Caledonia has four main island groups. The archipelago consists of her four large islands: the mainland of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands (consisting of the islands of Lifou, Marais and Ouvéa), the Bellep Islands and the Isle of Pines (Pine Island). There are also small islands surrounding New Caledonia.

There are only two seasons in this country. This Pacific island enjoys a year-round tropical climate with wet and dry seasons. The wet season generally lasts from December to March, but rain can also occur in July and August. On the other hand, the hot and humid season lasts from September to November.

There are many natural wonders there. New Caledonia’s beautiful beaches attract millions of tourists from all over the world every year. But that’s not all. This country is teeming with life both on land and in the sea.

The lagoon that surrounds the islands of New Caledonia stretches over her 24,000 square kilometers and is the largest lagoon in the world. The islands have beautiful aquamarine backdrops, making them a sanctuary for the country’s rich marine life.

New Caledonian waters are home to spectacular reefs. Discover a living aquarium beneath the pristine waters of New Caledonia. It features him one of the world’s three greatest barriers his reef system. The reef stretches for up to 1,600 kilometers (618 miles) and is an ideal destination for divers and snorkelers.

New Caledonia is a birdwatcher’s paradise. The archipelago is home to more than 200 species of her bird, 27 of which are endemic to the island. In the forests of Grand Tail you can find Kagu Birds, a rare flightless bird.

In addition to birds, you can also see humpback whales swimming in New Caledonia. These whales migrate north from the southern hemisphere each year in search of warmth in the lagoons of the Pacific Ocean. The best time to see this lively pod of whales is from July to September.