World History

Mozambique | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Mozambique:

Mozambique was the first inhabited by the San people. They are tribal people and hunter-gatherers. From the first century AD, Bantu tribes migrated to the area. Then the Arabs came and established trading colonies along the coast.

The first Europeans to arrive here were the Portuguese in 1498. The Portuguese also built fortresses and trading posts along the coast. After World War II, when many other European countries granted their colonies independence, Portugal still clung to Mozambique. Many immigrants came to Mozambique from Portugal. Finally, in 1975, Mozambique gained its independence. There were about 250,000 Portuguese in the country then.

After independence, Mozambique was engulfed in civil war and was occupied by the army. Millions of people had to leave the country because of war and famine. By 1995, many of them had returned.

Information about Mozambique:

Capital Maputo
Population 34,068,721 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Maputo (capital), Matola, Nampula, Beira, Chimoio, Quelimane, Tete, Nacala, Lichinga, Pemba
Borders Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Eswatini
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $17,851,491,428 (2022 worldometer)
Currency metical (MZM)

Flag of Mozambique:

Mozambique Economy Key Industries:

Mozambique Major Industries: food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco

Mozambique Agricultural Products: cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers; beef, poultry

Mozambique Natural Resources: coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite

Mozambique Major Exports: aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity

Mozambique Major Imports: machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles

The Geography of Mozambique:

Total Size of Mozambique: 799,380 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Mozambique:  Indian Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Mozambique:  Monte Binga 2,436 m

Climate of Mozambique:  tropical to subtropical

General Terrain of Mozambique: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

World Region or Continent of Mozambique: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 18 15 S, 35 00 E

The People of  Mozambique & Culture

Mozambique Government Type: republic

Mozambique Nationality: Mozambican(s)

Mozambique National Holiday: Independence Day, 25 June (1975)

Mozambique Independence: 25 June 1975 (from Portugal)

Mozambique National Symbol:

Mozambique National Anthem or Song: Patria Amada (Lovely Fatherland)

Mozambique Languages Spoken: Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)

Mozambique Religions: Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, other 17.8%, none 23.1% (1997 census)

Interesting Facts about Mozambique:

Mozambique has one of the most beautiful train stations in the world. Located in Maputo, the CFM station has appeared on the front page of many magazines due to its beauty.

More than 40 languages ​​are spoken in the country and the majority of Mozambicans speak multiple languages.

Mozambique is also known as the largest marine protected area in Africa. Besides the diversity of fish species, this is also home to 5 out of 7 endangered turtle species.

Lake Malawi, the third largest lake in Africa, spans three countries: Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. The lake here is known as Lake Niassa and is famous for hosting more species of fish than any other lake on the planet.

The country’s economy is mainly based on agriculture. Mozambique grows cashews, cotton, tea, sugarcane, corn, coconuts, fruits and potatoes. Its industries include aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, glass, cement, tobacco, food and beverages.

And although Mozambique remains a very poor country with half the population living on less than a dollar a day, it is also one of the fastest growing economies. Industry, mainly food and beverage, chemical production, aluminum and oil production, is growing. Happy days are coming!

The country is home to some of the most beautiful coral reefs in the world. There are more than 1,200 species of fish identified in the coastal waters of Mozambique.

The country takes its name from an Arab Muslim who ruled the northern part of the island when the Portuguese arrived in the area. The Sheikh’s name is said to be Mussa bin biki, Ali Musa Mbiki or Musa Al Big.

The Mozambique Channel has played an important role in world trade since the 11th and 12th centuries. Arab and Persian traders came to the coastal regions, bringing their faith and culture to Africa. Then came the Europeans who arrived at the end of the 14th century.

The shimmering, nutrient-rich waters of the Mozambique Channel are home to many majestic marine mammals. In particular, the waters off the northwest coast of Madagascar have a very diverse population of marine mammals. About 22 species of mammals have been recorded, along with seven species of baleen whales, thirteen species of toothed whales, dugongs, and several species of dolphins.

The Mozambique Channel shares a border with 5 countries: Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, Comoros and French territories.

The Mozambique Channel plays an important role in the economy of East and South Africa. This is due to the presence of natural gas reserves in the channel, which were first discovered in 2010.