World History

Morocco | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Morocco:

Morocco is strategically located at the gateway to the Mediterranean. As a result, its coastal lands became a prized area for the empires that ruled the Mediterranean. Beginning with the Phoenicians, many empires established colonies in Morocco, including the Romans, the Visigoths, the Vandals, and the Byzantine Empire. In the 7th century, the Arabs conquered Morocco and brought with them the Muslim religion and Arab culture. In the 15th century, Portugal attempted to control the Atlantic coast of Morocco. Then, in 1830, France became interested in Morocco. In 1912, the Treaty of Fez made Morocco a protectorate of France.

After World War II, Moroccans began to yearn for independence. When France expelled the famous leader Sultan Mohammed V and replaced him with Mohammed Ben Aarafa, the people began to revolt. In 1955, France allowed Mohammed V to return and gave Morocco independence in 1956. Morocco has been ruled internally by the Alaouite dynasty since 1649. Hassan II was king from 1961 to 1999. After his death, his son Mohammed VI succeeded him.

Information about Morocco:

Capital Rabat
Population 37,906,877 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Rabat (capital), Casablanca, Fez, Tangier, Marrakesh, Salé, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, Agadir
Borders Algeria to the east and southeast, Western Sahara to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $134,182,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Moroccan dirham (MAD)

Flag of Morocco:

Morocco Economy Key Industries:

Morocco Major Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism

Morocco Agricultural Products: barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock

Morocco Natural Resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

Morocco Major Exports: clothing, fish, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, fruits, vegetables

Morocco Major Imports: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

The Geography of Morocco:

Total Size of Morocco: 710,850 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Morocco: Sebkha Tah -55 m

Geographical High Point of Morocco: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

Climate of Morocco: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

General Terrain of Morocco: northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

World Region or Continent of Morocco: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 32 00 N, 5 00 W

The People of  Morocco & Culture

Morocco Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Morocco Nationality: Moroccan(s)

Morocco National Holiday: Throne Day (accession of King MOHAMED VI to the throne), 30 July (1999)

Morocco Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)

Morocco National Symbol: pentacle symbol; lion

Morocco National Anthem or Song:  Hymne Cherifien (Hymn of the Sharif)

Morocco Languages Spoken: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy

Morocco Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%

Interesting Facts about Morocco:

Morocco is the land of many festivals and celebrations. There are even three New Years that people can celebrate. One is according to the Gregorian calendar, the Amazigh or Yennayer New Year, and the last is the Islamic New Year, Fatih Muharram.

Morocco is home to the oldest educational institution available. Al Quaraouiyine University was founded in 859 in Fez. It has long been the main institution of Arab education. The study of Islamic religion and law is currently the main focus of this important educational center.

Morocco is known for its beautiful beaches along its picturesque sandy shores. The country has two beautiful coastlines, one on the Atlantic side and the other on the Mediterranean side. The only other countries that can boast both Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts are Spain and France.

Morocco grows a lot of citrus fruits such as tangerines and mandarins. Some are sold in the local market, but most are shipped elsewhere. About 112,000 tons of dates are also exported each year. They are also the only exporter of argan oil, which is made from a tree endemic to Morocco. Agriculture accounts for a very large proportion of the economy here. If you love hair care, you probably already know these facts about Morocco.

Morocco is a land of impressive heights thanks to the mountainous terrain of the Atlas and Rif ranges. On one of these towering peaks you’ll find Oukaimeden, the highest ski resort in Africa. Elevations here exceed 10,000 feet and people race down these snowy slopes.

When you explore Morocco, you’ll find that most people wear casual clothes, like most people in the world. However, national costumes are sometimes worn on holy days and celebrations.

Traditionally in Morocco, the liver is the organ that symbolizes love and romance. The typical shape used in other parts of the world is the heart. A healthy liver promotes happiness, so it makes sense that it could also be considered the ultimate symbol of love.

Spain is just 24 kilometers from Morocco, just across the Strait of Gibraltar. This means you can see the shores of this neighboring European country on a clear day. The translation of the name into Arabic means the Moroccan gate.

The answer would be obvious if Morocco had to choose between being a country of cats or a country of dogs. While wandering the streets, you can come across hundreds of feral cats everywhere. These cute creatures are often loved, fed and cared for by the locals. However, it must be said at least that dogs are rare.