World History

Montserrat | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Montserrat

History of Montserrat:

Montserrat is an island nation in the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean Sea. The original inhabitants were Arawak and Carib. The first European to arrive on this island was Christopher Columbus during his second voyage to the New World in 1493. Columbus named the island after the Virgin Mary and the Monastery of Montserrat.

The British gained control of the island when a group of Irish settled it. African slaves were imported to work the land, and sugar, rum, and cotton were grown on the island. Slavery he abolished in 1834. Montserrat is now a British Overseas Territory.

In 1995, the island was devastated by the eruption of the Soufrière Hills volcano. Two-thirds of ETH’s population fled the island during the outbreak. Since then, the volcano has become even more active.

Information about Montserrat:

Capital Plymouth
Population 4384 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Brades, Cork Hill, Salem, Saint John’s Village
Borders Guadeloupe to the southeast, Antigua to the north-east and Nevis to the northwest
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $167.4 million (2022 The Worldfactbook)
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Flag of Montserrat:

Montserrat Economy Key Industries:

Montserrat Major Industries: tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances

Montserrat Agricultural Products: cabbages, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, peppers; livestock products

Montserrat Natural Resources: NEGL

Montserrat Major Exports: electronic components, plastic bags, apparel; hot peppers, limes, live plants; cattle

Montserrat Major Imports: machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials

The Geography of Montserrat:

Total Size of Montserrat: 102 km² (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Montserrat: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Montserrat: lava dome in English’s Crater (in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex) estimated at over 930 m (200

Climate of Montserrat: Tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation

General Terrain of Montserrat: volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland

World Region or Continent of Montserrat:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 16 45 N, 62 12 W

The People of Montserrat & Culture

Montserrat Government Type: NA

Montserrat Nationality: Montserratian(s)

Montserrat National Holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)

Montserrat Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Montserrat National Symbol:

Montserrat National Anthem or Song: note:?as a territory of the United Kingdom, God Save the Queen is official (see United Kingdom)

Montserrat Languages Spoken: English

Montserrat Religions: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations

Interesting Facts about Montserrat:

In addition to its small size, Montserrat has a very small number of inhabitants. At the last census of 2020, only 4,992 people were thought to live on the island. That number was more than double the number of people fleeing the volcanic eruption decades ago.

As mentioned earlier, Montserrat is home to volcanic activity, and even a quick look at the landscape reveals it to be a very hilly island. There are three main mountain regions known as Soufrière, Central and Silver. There are also many valleys here called “goats” by the locals.

Although Montserrat is technically a British territory, Irish culture is heavily influenced here. Many of the island’s original inhabitants are believed to have come from the Republic of Ireland, giving the country the nickname ‘The Green Island of the Caribbean’.

But that’s not all! Outside of Ireland, Montserrat is the only city where St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated as an official holiday. By the way, today is March 17th!

Although there are many different denominations on Montserrat, Christians make up the majority. For example, Anglicans, Methodists, Catholics, Seventh-day Adventists, and Pentecostals live here.

As you might have guessed, the official language of Montserrat is English. However, island residents also speak some form of Creole, which is not uncommon locally. Some of the people who live here are of European descent, but in terms of Montserrat’s heritage, black Africans make up the majority.

It’s no joke to say that Montserrat is a small region. It has an area of ​​only about 102 square kilometers, or 39.4 square miles. This is larger than the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal.

The traditional capital of Montserrat was Plymouth, but a fateful eruption here in the 1990s moved the capital to Blaise. It is estimated that about 1,000 people live in the capital, which is almost 20% of the island’s population.

Montserrat’s most important industry is tourism, but the production of electronics, rum and even natural fibers also generate income. The country is also a major exporter of livestock and vegetables.

Montserrat is a very humid vacation destination. The climate is tropical with little change throughout the year. Stock up on sunscreen and bring a portable fan just in case.