World History

Monaco | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Monaco:

Monaco was originally founded in 1215 as a colony of Genoa. The country has been ruled by the Grimaldi family since 1297, except for a brief period under French rule from 1789 to his 1814. The Grand Duke of Monaco was the country’s supreme ruler until 1911, when Monaco became a constitutional government.

In 1918, Monaco reached an agreement with France that France would grant Monaco limited protection. This implied that Monaco would be reconciled with French political and economic interests. In 1993 Monaco became a full member of the United Nations with full voting rights. In recent history, Archduke Rainier III died. His son Albert II became ruler of Monaco on July 12, 2005.

Information about Monaco:

Capital Monaco
Population 36,274 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Monaco (capital), Monte Carlo, La Condamine, La Turbie, Gorbio, Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat
Borders land by its neighbor France, and Italy’s borders are just 10 miles away
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $7.672 billion (2015 worldometer)
Currency euro (EUR)

Flag of Monaco:

Monaco Economy Key Industries:

Monaco Major Industries: tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products

Monaco Agricultural Products: none

Monaco Natural Resources: none

Monaco Major Exports: 

Monaco Major Imports: 

The Geography of Monaco:

Total Size of Monaco: 2 sq km (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Monaco: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Monaco: Mont Agel 140 m

Climate of Monaco: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

General Terrain of Monaco: hilly, rugged, rocky

World Region or Continent of Monaco:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 43 44 N, 7 24 E

The People of  Monaco & Culture

Monaco Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Monaco Nationality: Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)

Monaco National Holiday: National Day (Prince of Monaco Holiday), 19 November

Monaco Independence: 1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)

Monaco National Symbol:

Monaco National Anthem or Song: A Marcia de Muneghu (The March of Monaco)

Monaco Languages Spoken: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque

Monaco Religions: Roman Catholic 90%

Interesting Facts about Monaco:

Monaco does not have its own main garrison. country defense. However, it is the responsibility of France.

The Monaco Grand Prix is ​​one of the most important events Monaco hosts each year. If you’re interested in the winner of this event, note that ‘Ayrton Senna’ has won more of his six Grands Prix than any other racer.

Monaco is one of the few countries in the world that has a Human Development Index of zero, i.e. not scored. Other such countries include Somalia, San Marino, Nauru, North Korea and Tuvalu.

In 2016, Monaco expressed interest in becoming a shareholder in Nice Airport, the closest airport to its territory.

Three of his James Bond films were shot here at his Monte Carlo casino. why not? This casino is so stylish that even the best James Bond movies require him to shoot a scene or two here.

Monaco is a premier tourist destination and resort destination for the wealthy and famous around the world.

The Casino de Monte-Carlo opened in Monaco in 1863, 153 years ago.

Don’t be surprised to learn that Monaco residents are not allowed to gamble or visit casinos here. This rule is imposed by the government of this country, which does not want its citizens to take their money away with gambling. Casinos are a source of income for the country and provide employment for residents.

Princess Caroline is tasked with setting up a casino in Monaco to save the Grimaldi family (Monaco’s ruling family at the time) from bankruptcy.

In this country she already had a game table in 1856.

Monaco is a tax haven. The country lives solely on income from tourism and casinos.

Monaco does not have an airport, but it does have a heliport. It can be said that Monaco is not big enough to have an airport. During high season, the helipad is serviced by a helicopter every 20 minutes.

Fish is the country’s only natural resource. However, the country’s nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is US$115,700 (2015 estimate), the third highest in the world after Liechtenstein and Qatar.