World History

Martinique | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts & Geography of Martinique

History of Martinique:

Martinique is an island in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Overseas region of France. The island’s original inhabitants were Arawak, American Indians, who were later exiled from the Caribbean. The first European to arrive on this island was Christopher Columbus in 1493.

The island was claimed by France in 1635. Despite several British captures, Martinique remained French. In 1946 the island was established as an overseas territory. The official language is French and the unit of currency is the Euro.

Information about Martinique:

Capital Fort-de-France
Population 6,117,000,000
Major Cities Fort-de-France, Le Lamentin, Le Robert, Sainte-Marie, Le François
Borders North of Saint Lucia, northwest of Barbados and south of Dominica
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 25,604.034 EUR (2021 CEIC Data)
Currency euro (EUR)

Flag of Martinique:

Martinique Economy Key Industries:

Martinique Major Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism

Martinique Agricultural Products: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane

Martinique Natural Resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

Martinique Major Exports: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples

Martinique Major Imports: petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods

The Geography of Martinique:

Total Size of Martinique: 1,128 km² (source: 2022 Wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Martinique: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Martinique: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

Climate of Martinique: Tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

General Terrain of Martinique: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

World Region or Continent of Martinique:  Central America

Geographical Coordinates: 14 40 N, 61 00 W

The People of Martinique & Culture

Martinique Government Type: NA

Martinique Nationality: Martiniquais (s)

Martinique National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Martinique Independence: none (overseas department of France)

Martinique National Symbol:

Martinique National Anthem or Song: Land of the Free

Martinique Languages Spoken: French, Creole patois

Martinique Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 10.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Hindu 0.5%, other 3.5% (1997)

Interesting Facts about Martinique:

Martinique is a small, rugged island in the Caribbean Sea and an overseas region of France.

Its nearest neighbors are Dominica and Guadeloupe to the north, Barbados to the southeast, and Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south. To experience this beautiful island for yourself, head to the coordinates of 14.6667 degrees north latitude and 61.0000 degrees west longitude.

The terrain here is mainly mountainous and volcanic in origin, and the coastline is dotted with beautiful sandy beaches.

Martinique’s total area is 436 square miles (1,128 square kilometers), which is about two-thirds the size of the Isle of Skye. In 2016 Martinique had a population of 376,480, about 42 times the population of the Isle of Skye.

The inhabitants here are known as Martinique.

The capital is Fort-de-France. With an area of ​​17 square miles (44 square kilometers), she had a population of 90,347 in 2006.

Martinique has a tropical climate, with a dry season from December to May and little temperature variation throughout the year.

Martinique is home to a wide variety of wildlife including manatees, bats, snakes, volcano frogs (endemic to Martinique), about 200 species of birds and about 225 species of reef fish.

The official language of Martinique is French.

Martinique, already inhabited by indigenous Caribbean people, is said to have been “discovered” by Christopher Columbus in 1493.

Martinique has been under French rule since 1635, with the exception of three brief British conquests.

You are not part of the European Union, but the Euro is the official currency here. Martinique is a small island in the West Indies, but all four queens who ruled France, Holland and Turkey were born there.

Martinique hosts a four-day carnival each year, ending on the first day of Lent. As you can imagine, carnivals include live music and beautiful, colorful costumes.