World History

Malta | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Malta:

Malta is a small island country in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. Malta has a rich history and is home to some of the world’s oldest free-standing buildings. Both the Phoenicians and Carthaginians built harbors on the island. The island then became part of the Roman Empire. It is also known as the place where St. Paul, who appears in the Bible, was shipwrecked.

Over the centuries, the island has changed hands many times. It became part of the Byzantine Empire in 533 AD and was occupied by the Arabs in 870 AD. In 1090, Roger, Count of Normandy drove out the Arabs and the Normans seized control.

In 1530, Charles V gave the island to the Knights of St. John. They became known as the Knights of Malta. The Knights of Malta built cities, fortresses and churches on the island. The Maltese maintained control until his 1798 arrival of Napoleon and the French. The Maltese, with the help of the British, succeeded in driving the French out in 1800. In 1814 they joined the British Empire.

Malta played an important role as a naval and military base during both world wars. Malta became an independent state in 1964 and joined the European Union in 2004.

Information about Malta:

Capital Valletta
Population 535,339 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Valletta (capital), Cospicua, St. Julian’s, Victoria, Senglea, Birgu, Mdina, Sliema, Marsaxlokk
Borders Sicily, to the north, and Libya and Tunisia on the North African coast, to the south and west
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $17,765,270,015 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Maltese lira (MTL)

Flag of Malta:

Malta Economy Key Industries:

Malta Major Industries: tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco

Malta Agricultural Products: potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs

Malta Natural Resources: limestone, salt, arable land

Malta Major Exports: machinery and transport equipment, manufactures

Malta Major Imports: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semi-manufactured goods; food, drink, tobacco

The Geography of Malta:

Total Size of Malta: 316 sq km (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Malta: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Malta: Ta’Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

Climate of Malta: Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers

General Terrain of Malta: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

World Region or Continent of Malta:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 35 50 N, 14 35 E

The People of  Malta & Culture

Malta Government Type: republic

Malta Nationality: Maltese (singular and plural)

Malta National Holiday: Independence Day, 21 September (1964)

Malta Independence: 21 September 1964 (from UK)

Malta National Symbol: Maltese cross

Malta National Anthem or Song: L-Innu Malti (The Maltese Anthem)

Malta Languages Spoken: Maltese (official), English (official)

Malta Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Interesting Facts about Malta:

Malta ranks 204th out of 236 countries and is the smallest country in the European Union. It is the 10th smallest and 5th largest country in the world.

Valletta, the capital of Malta, was the first planned city in Europe. The city was designed in 1565 by him during the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem.

King George VI of England Malta was awarded the St George’s Cross for his bravery during the siege of the Axis Powers in World War II. To this day, the George Cross is featured on national flags.

Malta is a remnant of its former British rule and is one of the countries in the world that drives on the left side of the road.

English, Maltese and Maltese Sign Language. However, Italian is commonly spoken among Malta’s locals. Maltese is said to sound like a mixture of Italian and Arabic. This is one of the most interesting facts about the Maltese language and people.

Famous elite warriors, also known as the Knights Templar, were given control of the island in 1530 by King Charles V of Spain. They are best known for their success in defending the island from the Ottomans.

Malta has been ruled by several empires throughout history, including the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans, Sicilians, Spaniards, Templars, French, and finally the British. I came.

With a mild climate, numerous adventure areas, architectural and historical monuments including three UNESCO World Heritage Sites and his seven megalithic temples, Malta is fast becoming one of the trendiest tourist destinations in the world. .

The waters around Malta and Gozo are a perfect blend of crystal clear blues and greens. The Blue Lagoon on Malta’s Comino Island is the most popular tourist attraction in the Maltese archipelago.