Their distinguishing characteristics are floppy ears and wrinkled skin. Bloodhounds, who were once bred as “scent hounds,” are wonderful family pets because of their kind demeanour in addition to their working abilities. Two strains, one in pure black and the other in pure white, were the first examples from Constantinople sent to Europe. They might be among the oldest hound breeds that are still in use.
The bloodhound of today is descended from a monk who reared them in the seventh century, earning them the moniker St. Hubert’s hounds. It is believed that the origin of the word “bloodhound,” which first surfaced around 1330, stems from noble blood breeding. Bloodhounds were mentioned in many English texts from the fourteenth century. Originally developed to monitor deer and wild boar, they also started tracking humans in the sixteenth century. This breed is the ancestor of other breeds, such as the black and tan coonhound.
Since they arrived in America more than a century ago, bloodhounds have played a crucial role in law enforcement operations. They have such an accurate sense of smell that it has been admitted as proof in court. The 300 million smell receptors in bloodhounds are more than in any other breed! Scents are swept up by their long ears, and they are actually retained in their skin folds and drool. Their skin shields their eyes from bushes and other objects when they are tracking. However, what distinguishes males from female bloodhounds? Read Male vs. Female Bloodhound: 5 Key Differences to learn the answer and more!
Key Differences Between Male and Female Bloodhounds
Because they are friendly and patient with kids, bloodhounds are wonderful family pets.
With an average height of 25–27 inches and a weight of 90–110 pounds, males are larger than girls. The average height and weight of females are 23–25 inches and 80–100 pounds, respectively. They can be difficult to move because they are huge dogs. Yes, make sure there’s enough room for them to live!
They can travel for hours or even days following a trail thanks to their extraordinary endurance. With their low chests and powerful legs, these strong dogs are built for the job. Their ears are long, soft, narrow, and low on the skull, and their heads taper slightly towards the mouth. Female heads should measure at least 11 inches, and male heads should measure 12 inches from the occipital to the end of the nose.
Their most recognisable feature is their deep wrinkles, which are caused by loose skin that falls into deep folds on their heads and necks. This is especially noticeable on the sides of the face and forehead. Compared to men, women’s wrinkles are less noticeable. Their sleek, short coats are available in black and tan, liver and tan, and red, with no consistent pattern; however, some have black backs and muzzles and tan everywhere else. Their classic appearance is enhanced by heavily drooping lower lids and deeply set eyes. Eyes can range in colour from yellow to a deep hazel.
Optimal Breeding Age Range
For breeding males, the ideal range is between 18 and 24 months and up to 6-6.5 years. It ranges from 18 months to 7 years for females.
The following medical disorders can affect both men and women:
Bloat is the primary cause of death for bloodhounds and a dangerous, occasionally fatal illness. If your dog has an enlarged stomach, is agitated and pacing, or makes an unsuccessful attempt to throw up, get medical help right once.
Hip dysplasia is a disorder caused by an atypically shaped hip joint, which can result in painful movements and arthritis.
Elbow dysplasia is the same as hip dysplasia but in the elbow joint.
Heat, moisture, and trapped debris can lead to the growth of bacteria and yeast, which is the cause of ear infections. An unpleasant smell or shaking and scratching of the ears are warning signs to be aware of. Use ear cleaning solution for dogs and give them regular checkups to maintain their ears clean.
Their demeanour varies from gentle and friendly at home to tenacious and determined when tracking, despite the fact that they can be very shy. Males are more obstinate than females and can even be belligerent, making them challenging to divert when an intriguing scent is discovered. Compared to women, men tend to be more independent. They frequently decide to spend all of their time at your side because they are also devoted. Women are patient, kind, and have a serene demeanour. They are, in fact, more compliant and cooperative. Early socialisation of both genders will enhance their ability to engage with others.
A well-trained pet will be obedient and well-behaved. While females have a longer attention span than men, males can be stubborn and challenging to train. Often, tracking scents diverts male attention from listening to directions. However, they will probably be excited to take part in training because they have a strong desire to please. A bloodhound should always be kept on a firm leash. As soon as they begin following odours, train them since, as nature intended, they will often stray and follow their source!
The breed is renowned for its kind, understanding temperament. They might, however, take off and disregard everything else if they smell something. The typical lifespan of males and females is ten to twelve years.
Bloodhounds require a little bit more care than other breeds because of their wrinkles. Bathing once a month is recommended, along with nail cutting and ear cleaning. After, thoroughly dry them to prevent moisture from being trapped in their folds. Cleaning and drying the chin and neck folds as well as looking for irritation or infection symptoms should be part of a weekly grooming routine. Shampoos with intense scents should be avoided in order to spare their delicate sense of smell. Apply hand lotion or cocoa butter to callused elbows and hocks to moisturise them.
Eyes and Ears: Every day, gently clean their eyelids to get rid of discharge. Mineral or baby oil can be used to wipe their eyes to keep them hydrated and healthy. Make sure to wipe your droopy ears after eating because they can get soiled. But wearing a snood—a garment that resembles a hood—will keep their ears up and out of the way.
Drool: They drool a lot because of their thick lips. Have paper towels handy for wiping, and take care not to shake as saliva may fly everywhere. Both the dog and the house will stay clean if you give it a thorough cleaning every time you enter.
Fenced Area: The most effective enclosure is a safe space encircled by a six-foot chain link or wood and wire fence. Because bloodhounds enjoy digging, if left unattended, they will burrow behind a fence.
Exercise/Mental Stimulation: Give them 20 to 40 minutes of exercise per day; their favourite activity is taking long walks with lots of scents. Because they are used to working in packs, give them the mental stimulation they require by letting them interact with people and other dogs.
Male vs. Female Bloodhound: 5 Key Differences
|25-27 inches tall, weighing 90-110 pounds
|23-25 inches tall, weighing 80-100 pounds
|Generally larger with heads 12 inches in length
|Better attention spans and more acceptance of change
|Optimal breeding age range
|18-24 months up to 6-6.5 years
|18 months up to 7 years
|Independent, loyal, but difficult to distract when tracking
|Calm, patient, and caring. More agreeable and obedient.
|Dominant and better trackers, easily distracted
|Better attention spans and more accepting of change