World History

Liechtenstein | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Liechtenstein:

Liechtenstein is a small country between Austria and Switzerland. It is named after the original ruling family who first acquired the Vaduz estate in 1699 and later the Schellenberg estate in 1713. It was the Holy Roman Empire that first granted the country independent status in 1719.

Liechtenstein was occupied by Napoleon and France for many years. Napoleon also established the Rhine Federation in 1806, admitting Liechtenstein as a member state. That is why Liechtenstein has considered itself a free country since 1806.

Liechtenstein has no standing army and remains neutral. It also declared neutrality in both world wars.

Information about Liechtenstein:

Capital Vaduz
Population 39,622 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Vaduz (capital), Balzers, Triesenberg, Schaan, Eschen, Schellenberg, Triesen, Mauren, Ruggell
Borders Switzerland in the south and west and Austria in the east and north
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $7.55 Billion (2022 tradingeconomics)
Currency Swiss franc (CHF)

Flag of Liechtenstein:

Liechtenstein Economy Key Industries:

Liechtenstein Major Industries: electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments

Liechtenstein Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, corn, potatoes; livestock, dairy products

Liechtenstein Natural Resources: hydroelectric potential, arable land

Liechtenstein Major Exports: small specialty machinery, connectors for audio and video, parts for motor vehicles, dental products, hardware, prepared foodstuffs, electronic equipment, optical products

Liechtenstein Major Imports: agricultural products, raw materials, machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles

The Geography of Liechtenstein:

Total Size of Liechtenstein: 160 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Liechtenstein: Ruggeller Riet 430 m

Geographical High Point of Liechtenstein: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m

Climate of Liechtenstein: continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers

General Terrain of Liechtenstein: mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third

World Region or Continent of Liechtenstein:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 47 16 N, 9 32 E

The People of  Liechtenstein & Culture

Liechtenstein Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Liechtenstein Nationality: Liechtensteiner(s)

Liechtenstein National Holiday: Assumption Day, 15 August

Liechtenstein Independence: 23 January 1719 (Principality of Liechtenstein established); 12 July 1806 (independence from the Holy Roman Empire)

Liechtenstein National Symbol:

Liechtenstein National Anthem or Song: Oben am jungen Rhein (High Above the Young Rhine)

Liechtenstein Languages Spoken: German (official), Alemannic dialect

Liechtenstein Religions: Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002)

Interesting Facts about Liechtenstein:

During the 1936 Summer Olympics, it was discovered that the Haiti flag had the same blue and red design as the Liechtenstein flag. A yellow crown was added to the flag of Liechtenstein the following year to avoid future confusion.

Since the Neolithic period, around 4000-1800 BC. BC, Liechtenstein was continuously inhabited by an agricultural community.

Liechtenstein officially consisted of her two counties, Vaduz and Schellenberg, until 1719 when it was given its present name and became an independent principality of the Holy Roman Empire.

Liechtenstein is named after the Liechtenstein dynasty that bought and united the counties of Schellenburg and Vaduz. The name is German for “bright stone”.

The current head of state of Liechtenstein is Prince Hans Adam II. He became a successful banker and became head of state in 1989 after the death of his father, Prince Franz Josef. In 2004 he handed over the day-to-day management of the principality to his son, Prince Alois, although he remained the titular head of state.

Liechtenstein is considered one of the safest travel destinations in the world. It was found to pose a “non-significant travel safety risk”.

Liechtenstein does not have an airport. All travelers must enter (or travel to) Liechtenstein via public transport from Switzerland or Austria.

The Prince of Liechtenstein is Europe’s richest royal family, with an estimated fortune of $5 billion.

Liechtenstein has won more Olympic medals per capita than any other country. So far he has won 10 medals, all of them in alpine skiing, which means he has 1 medal for every 3,647 inhabitants.

Vaduz Castle is the official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein. It was built as a fortress in the 12th century.

On August 15th, the Liechtenstein public holiday, the Prince invites all Liechtensteiners to wine or beer at Vaduz Castle.