Largemouth black bass | Definition, Fishing, Classification, & Facts

The Largemouth bass is a common freshwater fish in the United States. It is a type of black bass and is also part of the crappie family. The scientific name of the broadmouth bass is Micropterus salmoides.

Where do Largemouth bass live?

Largemouth bass originally lived in the eastern United States. However, it has been introduced worldwide, including the rest of the United States, Mexico, South America, and even Africa.

The habitat of the Largemouth bass is rivers and freshwater lakes. It prefers calm, clear waters, but can survive in other habitats. It usually hides under logs, bridges, ledges and anything that can help protect and hide it.

What do Largemouth bass eat?

They eat a variety of small fish including cod, bluegill, minnow and bluegill. They are also known to eat amphibians, reptiles, and small waterfowl. They are often at the top of the food chain where they live and are considered apex predators.

How big do Largemouth bass get?

The largest recorded largemouth bass was 29.5 inches long and weighed 22 pounds. The average size is much smaller at about 18 inches in length.

The color of the large mouth varies. It is usually an olive green fish with a dark horizontal stripe on each side. The abdomen is white. Darker spots are usually found on the tail. Baby big mouth bass is called fry.

They are about 3 mm long when hatched from the eggs. At first, they feed on zooplankton, but as they grow, they switch to eating insects and small fish.

Bass Fishing

Fishing for largemouth bass fishing is one of the most popular outdoor sports in the world. This is the most popular and sought after fish game in the United States.

Interesting Facts about Largemouth Bass

They can eat prey up to 25-35% of their body length.

Their average lifespan is ten to sixteen years depending on habitat and environment.

It is estimated that 30 million people fish for bigmouth bass in the United States.

The male protects the eggs after the female lays them.

They bloom after 5 to 10 days. Their color can vary depending on the type of water they live in.

They have a sixth sense called the lateral line that picks up vibrations from other fish.

Largemouth bass can see color and are particularly attracted to red.

It is the official fish of the states of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Florida and Tennessee.