World History

Knight’s Coat of Arms, Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, coats of arms were frequently used by knights and aristocrats. This unique emblem stood in for their family. Having a unique emblem or coat of arms is frequently referred to as “heraldry”.

How did the practise of having a coat of arms begin?

One knight might be distinguished from another using the first coat of arms. Even his buddies could not identify the knight while he was wearing his full plate mail and helmet. Knights started painting insignia on their shields as a result. Their banner and the garment they wore over their armour gradually started to bear the insignia. This is how the term “coat of arms” was coined.

The Herald

Every coat of arms had to be distinctive. But it was hard to remember which knights had which symbols because there were so many of them. Keeping track of the various coats of arms became the responsibility of individuals known as heralds. New coats of arms have to be original, they made sure of that. They recorded who each coat of arms belonged to as well.


As time went on, severe regulations for requesting a new coat of arms emerged. It was necessary to register any new coat of arms with the government. Family of the knight owned a coat of arms. The eldest son would get the coat of arms from him.

Create a Coat of Arms

The initial coats of arms featured rather straightforward patterns. As the number of coats of arms increased, the designs grew more intricate to ensure that each one was distinctive. However, all coats of arms share some characteristics.

The Escutcheon
The primary design element of the coat of arms is the escutcheon. Although the precise shape might change, it had a shield-like appearance (see illustration below).

Field –
The background colour was that of the field. The field initially had a single colour, however later designs started to be employed.

The primary image in the coat of arms’s centre is called the charge. It was typically an animal, but it may also be something else, like a ship or a sword.

Ordinaries –
Designs that were commonplace may be seen on the pitch. They gave the coat of arms more colour and individuality.

What did the color mean?

Different background hues have come to signify various things. Red was the colour of the nobleman and the warrior. Other hues included blue for sincerity and truth, black for knowledge and piety, and green for happiness and optimism. In heraldry, the hues are known as tinctures.

What did various charges signify?

The major figure of the coat of arms, the charges, also had other meanings. For instance, the lion represented majesty and power, the elephant represented intelligence and aspiration, the boar represented bravery and savagery, and the sun represented strength and glory.

Facts to Know About a Knight’s Coat of Arms

The background’s colours were described in Old French. gules (red), azure (blue), sable (black), and vert (green), for instance.
Richard I of England’s coat of arms has three lions against a red background. The “arms of England” is another name for it.
Background patterns go by names like lozenge (a diamond-checked pattern) and bendy (diagonal stripes).
Heraldry defines a “achievement” as the shield along with additional components such a motto, crest, supporters, helm, and coronet.
Seven colours (tinctures) are used in English heraldry, including two metals (gold and silver) and five other hues (blue, red, purple, black, and green).