World History

Italy | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

Information about Italy:

Capital Rome
Population 58,842,754 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Rome (capital), Milan, Turin, Venice, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, Verona, Palermo
Borders France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Vatican City, San Marino
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $2,010,430,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency euro (EUR)

Flag of Italy:

Flag Description: The Italian flag, called the “Tricolore”, was adopted on January 1, 1948. The flag of Italy: has three equal vertical stripes: green (left or hoist side), white (middle) and red (right). ). Green can represent hope or represent the green hills of Italy. White can represent faith or the snowy Alps. Red may symbolize charity or the blood shed during the Revolutionary War. Italy is the fifth most visited country in the world, with around 46 million foreign tourists visiting every year. It is also the fifth most populous country in Europe.

Italy Economy Key Industries:

Italy Major Industries: tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

Italy Agricultural Products: fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish

Italy Natural Resources: coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorospar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land

Italy Major Exports: engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals, and nonferrous metals

Italy Major Imports: engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages, and tobacco

The Geography of Italy:

Total Size of Italy: 301,340 km2 (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Italy: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point of Italy: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur 4,748 m (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)

Climate of Italy: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

General Terrain of Italy: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands

World Region or Continent of Italy:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 42 50 N, 12 50 E

Major Landforms of Italy: Sicily Island, Sardinia Island, Elba, Italian peninsula, Apennine Mountains, the Alps, Mont Blanc, Matterhorn, Po Valley, Etna (active volcano), Vesuvius (active volcano)

Major Bodies of Water: Po River, Adige River, Tiber River, Arno River, Garda Lake, Maggiore Lake, Lake Como, Lake Trasimeno, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Strait of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea

Famous Places of Italy: 

Roman Colosseum,
Roman Forum,
St. Peter’s Basilica,
Leaning Tower of Pisa,
Sistine Chapel,
Florence Cathedral,
Trevi Fountain,
Amalfi Coast,
Piazza del Campo,
Canals of Venice,
Lake Como,
the Cinque Terre (Five Lands),
Spanish Steps

The People of  Italy & Culture

Italy Government Type: republic 

Italy Nationality: Italian(s)

Italy National Holiday: Republic Day, 2 June (1946)

Italy Independence: 17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was not finally unified until 1870)

Italy National Symbol:

  • Animal – Wolf
  • Bird – Golden eagle
  • Tree – Olive tree, Oak tree
  • Monument – Altare della Patria
  • Colors – Green, white, and red
  • Coat of arms – A white star (Star of Italy) outlined in red on a cogwheel, surrounded by oak and olive leaves
  • Other symbols – Star of Italy, Italia turrita

Italy National Anthem or Song: Il Canto degli Italiani (The Song of the Italians)

Italy Languages Spoken: Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d’Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Italy Religions: approximately 90% Roman Catholic (about one-third regularly attend services); mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community

Famous People of Italy:

Names Professions
Leonardo da Vinci Artist and scientist
Spartacus Gladiator
Raphael Artist
Marco Polo Traveler and explorer
Andrea Pirlo Soccer player
Florence Nightingale Nursing pioneer
Benito Mussolini Italian dictator in World War II
Michelangelo Artist, sculptor, architect
Sophia Loren Actress
Mario Andretti Race car driver
Augustus First Emperor of Rome
Andrea Bocelli Singer
Julius Caesar Roman leader and dictator
Cicero Roman statesman
Christopher Columbus Explorer
Constantine the Great Roman Emperor
Enzo Ferrari Automobile entrepreneur

Interesting Facts about Italy:

Since the early Renaissance composers were Italian, many musical terms are written in Italian.

His three active volcanoes in Europe, Etna, Stromboli and Vesuvius, are all in Italy.

In the city of Turin, dog owners must walk their four-legged friends at least three times a day or risk fines. shot.

La Familia is an integral part of Italian culture. In fact, it is common for single children to live in their parents’ home until the age of 30.

Italy is home to the world’s oldest university, the University of Bologna, founded in 1088.

Don’t be surprised if Italian hotels don’t have him on the 17th floor. Italians believe this number means bad luck. Because if you rearrange the Roman numeral 17 (XVII), it looks like VIXI, which is associated with death, which means I have lived.

Rome has been the capital of Italy since her 1871.

Bari is the capital of Puglia.

In 1948 Roy His Jacuzzi invented a hot tub with a special water pump to help his son who was suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.

Italian farms produce grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grains, olives, beef and dairy. Life expectancy at birth for Italians is 79.54 years.

His famous fairy tale “Pinocchio” was written by an Italian.

Naples is the birthplace of pizza.

The piano came from Italy.

The longest river in Italy is the Po River.

The average Italian eats half a pound of bread a day.