The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest part of the Indian armed forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army, and it’s commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who may be a four-star general. 2 officers are given with the rank of Marshall, a five-star rank, that may be a ceremonial position of great honour.
The Indian Army originated from the armies of the East India Company, that eventually became the British Indian Army, and therefore the armies of the princely states, that finally became the national army after independence. The units and regiments of the Indian Army have numerous histories and have participated in a number of battles and campaigns across the world, earning an oversized number of battle and theatre honours before and after Independence.
The primary mission of the Indian Army is to make sure national security and national unity, defending the nation from external aggression and internal threats, and maintaining peace and security among its borders. It conducts humanitarian rescue operations throughout natural calamities and different disturbances, like Operation Surya Hope, and may even be requisitioned by the govt. to deal with internal threats. It’s a major component of national power alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force.
Indian Army Logo:
Indian Army Information:
The Indian Army has been concerned in four wars with neighbouring Pakistan and one with China. Different major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot and Operation cactus. Aside from conflicts, the army has conducted large peacetime exercises like Operation Brasstacks and Exercise Shoorveer, and it’s conjointly been an active participant in various UN peacekeeping missions as well as those in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique and Somalia.
The Indian Army contains a regimental system, however, is operationally and geographically divided into seven commands, with the essential field formation being a division. It’s an all-volunteer force and contains over eightieth of the country’s active defence personnel. It’s the second-largest standing army within the world, with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops. The military has embarked on an infantry modernization program called futuristic Infantry Soldier As a System (F-INSAS) and is additionally upgrading and acquiring new assets for its armored, artillery and aviation branches.
British Indian Army:
A Military Department was created within the govt. of the East India Company at Kolkata within the year 1776. Its main function was to sift and record orders concerning the army that were issued by numerous Departments of the East India Company for the territories underneath its management.
With the Charter Act of 1833, the Secretariat of the govt. of the East India Company was reorganized into four Departments, together with a Military Department. The Army within the Presidencies of Bengal, Bombay and Madras functioned as individual Presidency Armies till one Apr 1895 when they were unified into one Indian Army. For administrative convenience, it absolutely was divided into four commands at that point, particularly Punjab (including the North-West Frontier), Bengal, Madras (including Burma) and Bombay (including Sind, Quetta, and Aden).
Indian Army Independence Day:
Upon independence and the subsequent Partition of India in 1947, four of the 10 Gurkha regiments were transferred to the British Army. The rest of the British Indian Army was divided between the new created nations of India and Pakistan. The Punjab Boundary Force, that had been formed to assist police Punjab during the partition period, was disbanded, and Headquarters Delhi and East Punjab Command were formed to administer the area.
The departure of nearly all senior British officers following independence and their replacement by Indian officers meant several of the latter held acting ranks many ranks higher than their substantive ones. For instance, S. M. Shrinagesh, the ground forces commander of Indian forces throughout initial Indo-Pak War of 1947-49 (and the future third COAS) was first an acting major-general then an acting lieutenant-general throughout the conflict whereas holding the substantive rank of major, and solely received a substantive promotion to lieutenant-colonel in August 1949. Gopal Gurunath Bewoor, the future ninth COAS, was an acting colonel at his promotion to substantive major from the substantive captain in 1949, whereas future lieutenant-general K. P. Candeth was an acting general officer (substantive captain) at a similar time.
Indian Army Day:
Indian Army Day is celebrated on fifteen Jan each year in India, in recognition of lieutenant general K. M. Cariappa’s absorbing as the 1st Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis Butcher, the last British Commander-in-Chief of India, on fifteen Jan 1949. With the result from twenty-six Jan 1950, the date India became a republic, all active-duty Indian Army officers formerly holding the King’s Commission were recommissioned and confirmed in their substantive ranks.
Indian Army Artillery:
The Regiment of Artillery is the second largest arm of the Indian Army, constituting nearly one-sixth of the Army’s total strength. Originally raised in 1935 as a part of the Royal Indian Artillery of British Indian Army, the Regiment is currently tasked with providing the Army’s towed and self-propelled field artillery, as well as guns, howitzers, heavy mortars, rockets and missiles.
As an integral part of nearly all combat operations conducted by the Indian Army, the Regiment of Artillery features a history of being a serious contributor to Indian military success. Throughout the Kargil War, it had been the Indian Artillery that inflicted the foremost damage. Over the years, 5 artillery officers have gone on to the Army’s highest post as Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army. For some time, the Regiment of Artillery commanded a significantly larger share of the Army’s personnel than it does currently because it was conjointly responsible for air defense artillery and a few aviation assets.
Indian Army Regiment of Artillery:
The 1990s saw the formation of the Corps of Army Air Defence and therefore the coalescing of all aviation assets into the military Aviation Corps. The arm is currently focused on field artillery and provides regiments and batteries to every one of the operational commands. The house of the Regiment is in Nashik, geographical region, wherever their headquarters is found alongside the service’s museum. The college of Artillery of the Indian Army is located nearby in Devlali.
After undergoing consistent failures to import or produce modern artillery for 3 decades, the Regiment of Artillery is finally going ahead with the procurement of brand new 130-mm and 150-mm artillery guns. The army is additionally putting massive numbers of rocket launchers into service, with the indigenously-developed Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launcher to equip twenty-two regiments by the tip of the next decade.
Indian Army Training:
Pre-commission coaching of Gentlemen Cadets is allotted at the Indian military academy at Dehradun and therefore the Officers Coaching Academy at Chennai. There are also specialized coaching institutions like the Army War College, at Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, the High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS), at Gulmarg, Jammu, and Kashmir, the Counterinsurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJW), in Vairengte, Mizoram, and the College of Military Engineering (CME), in Pune. There’s a military training Command (ATRAC) at Shimla, whose main aim is to maximize the effectiveness of the coaching of personnel.
Indian Army Intelligence:
The Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) is the Intelligence arm of the Indian Army. The MI (as it’s commonly referred to) was constituted in 1941 and was initially created to examine corruption within the Army’s own ranks. With time, its role has evolved into cross border intelligence, intelligence sharing with friendly nations, infiltrating insurgent teams and counter-terrorism. Within the late 1970s, the MI was embroiled within the Samba spy scandal whereby 3 Indian Army officers were incorrectly involved as Pakistani spies.
The organisation has since emerged from the scandal as a prime Intelligence organisation of the Indian Army. As of 2012, the MI has seen several of its roles taken away during a struggle with the newly created National Technical Research Organisation and therefore the Defence Intelligence Agency. Since it had been set up in 2004 as a premier apex scientific agency underneath the National Security adviser within the Prime Minister’s office, it conjointly includes the National Institute of cryptology research and Development (NICRD), that is the first of its kind in Asia.