World History

Holy See (Vatican City) | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Holy See (Vatican City):

The Holy See is an independent country within the city of Rome, Italy. Also known as Vatican City. The city is surrounded by walls and is a very small country. Only 110 hectares. Owned and managed by the Catholic Church.

The history of the Vatican dates back to the Catholic Church. Since the 8th century, the Papal States have been ruled by Popes or rulers of the Catholic Church. It was a fairly large area in Italy. In 1860, the Papal States were occupied by Victor Emmanuel, and the Pope ruled only the city of Rome. Shortly thereafter, in 1870, the city of Rome was conquered and proclaimed the new capital of Italy.

In 1929, the Italian government approved the creation of the Vatican City, an independent state governed by the Holy See. The Papacy is governed by the Catholic Church, and the Pope has supreme power over all aspects of government.

Information about Holy See (Vatican City):

Capital Vatican City
Population 519 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Vatican City (capital) 
Borders border with Italy of 3.5 km
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimated to be $21,198 
Currency euro (EUR)

Flag of Holy See (Vatican City):

Holy See Economy Key Industries:

Holy See Major Industries: printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities

Holy See Agricultural Products:

Holy See Natural Resources: 

Holy See Major Exports:

Holy See Major Imports: 

The Geography of Holy See (Vatican City):

Total Size of Holy See: 44 hectares (0.44 km²; 110 acres)

Geographical Low Point of Holy See: unnamed location 19 m

Geographical High Point of Holy See: unnamed location 75 m

Climate of Holy See: Temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

General Terrain of Holy See: urban; low hill

World Region or Continent of Holy See:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 27 E

The People of  Holy See & Culture

Holy See Government Type: ecclesiastical

Holy See Nationality: none

Holy See National Holiday: Coronation Day of Pope BENEDICT XVI, 24 April (2005)

Holy See Independence: 11 February 1929 (from Italy)

Holy See National Symbol: crossed keys

Holy See National Anthem or Song: Inno e Marcia Pontificale (Hymn and Pontifical March); often called The Pontifical Hymn

Holy See Languages Spoken: Italian, Latin, French, various other languages

Holy See Religions: Roman Catholic

Interesting Facts about Holy See (Vatican City):

Officially, Vatican City is known as Vatican City or Vatican City.

And is Located in Rome, Italy.

This city-state is ruled by the Bishop of Rome, the Pope.

Vatican City is different from the Holy See. The Holy See is the universal government of the Catholic Church.

Vatican City was born in 1929 after the Lateran Treaty was signed between Italy and the Holy See.

The city is famous for some of the world’s most popular paintings and sculptures, which can be found in cultural venues such as St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums.

The country’s economy is supported by the sale of stamps, tourist souvenirs, museum admissions, and publications.

The official Italian name of the city is “Stato della Citta del Vaticano”.

Italian and Latin are used as preferred languages ​​in this country.

Vatican City shares a 3-kilometer border with Italy. This city is one-eighth the size of Ney Wark’s Central Park.

The country is governed by an absolute monarchy. The Pope is the head of state.

The city-state mints its own euro, has its own post office, telephone system, flag and anthem, and even issues passports and license plates.

The country’s first railway station opened in 1930, shortly after its founding. However, this station is used for freight traffic, not passenger traffic.

Vatican City is the only country in the world that is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In 2007, Hungary chose to become carbon neutral and agreed to plant forests in Hungary. However, the planned fate of the forest is unknown.

The Vatican Museums are 15 kilometers long and hold a wealth of art and paintings, making him one of the largest art collections in the world. Pope Julius II founded the museum in the early 16th century.