World History

Guinea | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Guinea:

The country that is now Guinea has been part of various West African empires throughout its history. These empires include Mali, Ghana Empire and Songhai Empire. France ruled the country during the European colonial period. They fought the local population for supremacy and in 1898 defeated the armies of the main warlord Armami Samory Toure.

The area around Guinea was also under British and Portuguese rule, so the three countries divided the country. Guinea was on the French side. Guinea became independent from France in 1958. Since then, the country has been under authoritarian rule, followed by a series of military coups and uprisings.

Information about Guinea:

Capital Conakry
Population 14,190,612 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Conakry (capital), Nzérékoré, Kankan, Camayenne, Coyah, Labe, Kissidougou, Fria, Siguiri, Macenta
Borders Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, Côte d’Ivoire to the southeast, and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $21,227,749,389 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Guinean franc (GNF)

Flag of Guinea:

Guinea Economy Key Industries:

Guinea Major Industries: bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries

Guinea Agricultural Products: rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber

Guinea Natural Resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt

Guinea Major Exports: bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products

Guinea Major Imports: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs

The Geography of Guinea:

Total Size of Guinea: 245,857 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Guinea: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Guinea:  Mont Nimba 1,752 m

Climate of Guinea: generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

General Terrain of Guinea: generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior

World Region or Continent of Guinea: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 11 00 N, 10 00 W

The People of  Guinea & Culture

Guinea Government Type: republic

Guinea Nationality: Guinean(s)

Guinea National Holiday:  Independence Day, 2 October (1958)

Guinea Independence: 2 October 1958 (from France)

Guinea National Symbol: Canje pheasant (hoatzin); jaguar

Guinea National Anthem or Song: Liberte (Liberty)

Guinea Languages Spoken: French (official); note – each ethnic group has its own language

Guinea Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%

Interesting Facts about Guinea:

Niger, Gambia and Senegal are among 22 rivers in West Africa that originate in Guinea. Guinea is a forested mountainous region, which is the source of abundant rivers.

Guinea was once part of the Mali Empire, and from the 13th century he covered a vast area of ​​West Africa until the 15th century.

Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the world, but it has rich mineral deposits. The country is known to have a quarter of the world’s bauxite reserves and 1.8 billion tons of high-grade iron ore. Guinea is also known for its large deposits of gold, uranium and diamonds.

Guinea has 320 km of coastline and famous beaches. The country also has beautiful beaches such as Cape Berga and Les de los.

Despite being rich in nature, Guinea is one of her ten poorest countries in the world.

Guinea has the potential to be one of the richest countries in Africa due to its natural resources, but its population is one of the poorest in West Africa. Like most resource-rich countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Guinea’s natural resources do not serve the well-being of its citizens, but rather a few corrupt political elites and their foreign allies. The majority of people live below the poverty line.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a serious problem in Guinea. Most religious, cultural and ethnic groups in Guinea support her FCM. A 2005 Population and Health Survey found that 96% of women had surgery.

Homosexuality is illegal in Guinea. Same-sex relationships are considered a strong taboo, and the prime minister declared in 2010 that he does not consider sexual orientation to be a legitimate human right.

Guinea’s literacy rate is one of the lowest in the world. In 2010, it was estimated that only 41% of her adults could read and write. Primary education is just her six years, but most children don’t stay that long.

In Conakry, electricity is only available for a few hours a day, early in the morning and late in the evening. Other cities may experience power outages for six months before the start of the rainy season, until hydroelectric power plants come online.

The sources of his three major rivers in West Africa, Gambia, Niger and Senegal, are in Guinea.

Guinea suffers from some of the worst air pollution in the world. According to a recent analysis, the death rate from air pollution is the 7th highest in the world.