World History

Guernsey | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Guernsey:

Guernsey is an island nation in the English Channel between England and France. Guernsey, along with the Channel Islands, is the last remaining part of the Principality of Normandy, an important principality for much of British and French history. During World War II, the island was occupied by German forces. This was the only area occupied within British territory during the war.

Guernsey is now a British dependency, but is not part of the United Kingdom or the European Union. It still maintains close ties to Great Britain as it is responsible for the island’s defense and diplomatic relations.

Information about Guernsey:

Capital Saint Peter Port
Population 64,600 (2023)
Major Cities Saint Peter Port (capital), St. Sampson, Sark, La Seigneurie
Borders 30 miles west of Normandy, France
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $3.465 billion 
Currency British pound (GBP); note – there is also a Guernsey pound

Flag of Guernsey:

Guernsey Economy Key Industries:

Guernsey Major Industries: tourism, banking

Guernsey Agricultural Products: tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle

Guernsey Natural Resources: cropland

Guernsey Major Exports: tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables

Guernsey Major Imports: coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment

The Geography of Guernsey:

Total Size of Guernsey: 78 km2 (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Guernsey: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Guernsey: unnamed location on Sark 114 m

Climate of Guernsey: Temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast

General Terrain of Guernsey: mostly level with low hills in southwest

World Region or Continent of Guernsey:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 49 28 N, 2 35 W

The People of  Guernsey & Culture

Guernsey Government Type: NA

Guernsey Nationality: Channel Islander(s)

Guernsey National Holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)

Guernsey Independence: none (British crown dependency)

Guernsey National Symbol: Guernsey cow; donkey

Guernsey National Anthem or Song: Sarnia Cherie (Guernsey Dear)

Guernsey Languages Spoken: English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts

Guernsey Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist

Interesting Facts about Guernsey:

Guernsey is located in the English Channel, off the coast of Normandy, France.

Being an island, it has no borders, but its closest neighbors are England to the north, France to the east and south, and Jersey to the southeast.

The total area of ​​Guernsey she is 30 square miles (78 square kilometers).

In 2023, Guernsey’s population was 64,600.

The capital is Saint Peter Port, with an area of ​​6.5 square kilometers and a population of 18,958 (2019).

Guernsey does not belong to the United Kingdom or the European Union and is actually a British Crown Dependency.

Guernsey has its own parliament, called the ‘Deliberative State’, which passes local taxes, laws and statutes.

Guernsey was not an island from the beginning. Separated around 6000 BC due to rising sea levels. French.

A very famous story was once written here. “Les Miserables” was written by Victor Hugo while he was living on the island of Guernsey.

Guernsey’s official languages ​​are both English and Guernsey, a regional variant of French unique to Guernsey.

Small lighthouse outcropping rock – La Foret, Guernsey

Guernsey’s official currency is the Guernsey Pound, but British Pounds are also accepted.

The terrain here is mostly flat with some low hills to the southwest, perfect for walking and exploring the lush green fields and beautiful coastline. bliss.

Guernsey gouache is a traditional Guernsey bread made with raisins, sultanas, mixed zest and served with locally sourced butter. looks delicious!

Guernsey is famous for its dairy products such as milk, butter, cheese and ice cream. They also grow fruits, vegetables and flowers.

This industry consists of tourism, banking, manufacturing and service companies.

Guernsey also exports dairy products, fruits, vegetables and meat products.