World History

Guam | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Guam:

Guam is located in the Northwest Pacific Ocean and was formerly known as the Guam Territory. The island was first visited by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (learn interesting facts about Portugal) on March 6, 1521 while sailing for the King of Spain.

Guamanians obtain U.S. citizenship by birth under U.S. Title 8. code. The downside, however, is that the people of Guam, USA, do not have all the opportunities that many American-born Americans have.

Information about Guam:

Capital Hagatna (Agana)
Population 173,158 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Hagatna (Agana) (capital), Dededo Village, Yigo Village, Tamuning, Mangilao Village, Barrigada Village
Borders Maritime boundaries with CNMI to the north and the Federated States of Micronesia to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $5,886,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency US dollar (USD)

Flag of Guam:

Guam Economy Key Industries:

Guam Major Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

Guam Agricultural Products: fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef

Guam Natural Resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)

Guam Major Exports: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products; construction materials, fish, food and beverage products

Guam Major Imports: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods

The Geography of Guam:

Total Size of Guam: 549 km² (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Guam: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Guam: Mount Lamlam 406 m

Climate of Guam: Tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation

General Terrain of Guam: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south

World Region or Continent of Guam: Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 47 E

The People of  Guam & Culture

Guam Government Type: NA

Guam Nationality: Guamanian(s) (US citizens)

Guam National Holiday: Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)

Guam Independence: none (territory of the US)

Guam National Symbol: coconut tree

Guam National Anthem or Song: Fanohge Chamoru (Stand Ye Guamanians)

Guam Languages Spoken: English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)

Guam Religions: Roman 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)

Interesting Facts about Guam:

Guam has a beach called Gun Beach. This beach also has Guam’s largest beach bar.

Can you believe Guam has no sand? Yes, it is! What you see on the beach is coral, not sand. Guam’s paved roads are also made from a mixture of coral and cement.

The study found that coral cover on Guam decreased from 19% to 10% from 2003 to 2011. Coral reefs are estimated to bring more than $20 million to Guam’s economy.

Did you know that Japanese soldiers hid in the jungles of Guam for nearly 30 years? The soldiers waited for the war to end. But he passed the time without knowing that the war was already over. The soldier was found in 1972 and quickly returned to his home country where he eventually married. Amazingly, the soldier had visited Guam several times, including after his marriage.

The country’s economy is supported by tourism and the US military.

Austronesian descendants are the indigenous people of Guam.

The U.S. House of Representatives has one representative from Guam. However, this person is a non-voting delegate.

Guam is also known as “Warrior’s Island”.

Guamanians have to fly 4,000 miles to Hawaii to get treatment for PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder).

Guam is approximately 11,000 miles from the continental United States.

Guam was also bombed after Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941) (just over four hours). 7,000 Americans and 17,500 Japanese lost their lives in this battle. During the 1941-1944 siege,

Japan renamed the island Omiyajima, which means “great temple island.”

The country’s capital (Hagatna, formerly known as Agana) is considered one of the oldest “European” cities in the Pacific.

Also known as “ifit”, Guam’s official tree is “ifil”.

Did you know that during World War II, the island had thousands of red tiger snakes per capita?
This country is a strategic base for US forces in the Pacific.

Founded in 2011 by late Vietnam War Marine veteran John Garber, the Guam Pacific War Museum is a great place to display artefacts such as the weapons, helmets, and belongings of Allied and Japanese soldiers. It’s the place.