World History

Ghana | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Ghana:

Ghana was once called the Gold Coast. The name was changed to Ghana because the ancestors of the current indigenous people were believed to be immigrants from the ancient Kingdom of Ghana.

The Portuguese he was the first European to arrive in 1470. They founded a permanent trading post called Elmina Castle in 1482. Soon came the English, the Dutch, the Danes and the Germans. Britain eventually made the Gold Coast a colony and the neighboring area Togoland as a trust territory. Both territories later became Ghana. In 1957, Ghana became the first sub-Saharan colony to become an independent state.

Information about Ghana:

Capital Accra
Population 34,239,399 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Accra (capital), Takoradi, Kumasi, Tamale, Cape Coast, Obuasi, Koforidua, Sunyani, Bolgatanga
Borders Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $72,838,798,788 (2022 worldometer)
Currency cedi (GHC)

Flag of Ghana:

Ghana Economy Key Industries:

Ghana Major Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building

Ghana Agricultural Products: cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber

Ghana Natural Resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Ghana Major Exports: gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds

Ghana Major Imports: capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs

The Geography of Ghana:

Total Size of Ghana: 239,535 km2 (source: wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Ghana: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Ghana: Mount Afadjato 880 m

Climate of Ghana: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

General Terrain of Ghana:  mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

World Region or Continent of Ghana: Africa

Geographical Coordinates: 8 00 N, 2 00 W

The People of  Ghana & Culture

Ghana Government Type: constitutional democracy

Ghana Nationality: Ghanaian(s)

Ghana National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957)

Ghana Independence:  6 March 1957 (from UK)

Ghana National Symbol: black star; golden eagle

Ghana National Anthem or Song: God Bless Our Homeland Ghana

Ghana Languages Spoken: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)

Ghana Religions: Christian 63%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 21%

Interesting Facts about Ghana:

The word “Ghana” means “Warrior King” in the Mande language (the language spoken throughout West Africa).

Ghana has only one natural lake he. Bosmutu Lake is a meteorite impact crater formed over a million years ago. This lake is believed to be a very sacred lake, and when one dies, the soul comes there to say goodbye to God Asaseya.

Perhaps to compensate for the lack of natural lakes, Ghana has the world’s largest man-made lake. Lake Volta – over 320 miles long!

Ghana is the birthplace of the “imaginary coffin”. Extraordinary artistic coffins are made to transport people to the afterlife. Designs based on the tastes and lifestyle of the deceased

Naming your child John in Ghana gives you a head start on the political ladder. All presidents elected and sworn in since 1992 have been named John.

The currency of Ghana is the Cedi. The word Cedi means cowrie. Cowrie shells were once used as currency throughout West Africa. It seems that a large amount of economic investment was required to live near the coast.

In Ghana, when meeting a group of people, it is good manners to shake hands with the person on the right first and then walk to the left, not the other way around.

In Ghana, the dowry is often paid to the bride’s family before the wedding. Before the wedding ceremony, the bride’s family prepares a list of items that the groom’s family must bring and checks each item before the wedding ceremony.

Ghana’s official language is English, but the country is completely surrounded by French-speaking countries. Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo.

Ghana is home to the world’s fastest man, or backwards. Ferdy Adboe holds the world record for the fastest 100-yard backward sprint, finishing in 12.7 seconds. This claim to fame made him the respondent to his 1984 trivial persecution question. Then he will know that he succeeded.