World History

Germany | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

Information about Germany:

Capital Berlin
Population 83,287,932 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Berlin (capital), Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt am Main, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Stuttgart
Borders Denmark to the north, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, and France to the west, Switzerland and Austria to the south, and the Czech Republic and Poland to the east
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $4,072,190,000,000 (2022 worldometer)
Currency euro (EUR)

Flag of Germany:

Germany Economy Key Industries:

Germany Major Industries: iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles

Germany Agricultural Products: potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; cattle, pigs, poultry

Germany Natural Resources: coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

Germany Major Exports: machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, textiles

Germany Major Imports: machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, metals

The Geography of Germany:

Total Size of Germany: 357,022 km2 (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Germany: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m

Geographical High Point of Germany: Zugspitze 2,963 m

Climate of Germany: Temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind

General Terrain of Germany: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

World Region or Continent of Germany:  Europe

Geographical Coordinates: 51 00 N, 9 00 E

Major Landforms of Germany: Alps, North European Plain, Rhine Valley, Ore Mountains, Palatine Forest, Vogelsberg Mountains, the Spreewald, Black Forest

Major Bodies of Water: Rhine River, Danube River, Elbe River, Main River, Saale River, Muritz Lake, Lake Constance, North Sea, Baltic Sea

Famous Places of Germany: 
Brandenburg Gate in Berlin,
Berlin Wall,
Reichstag building,
Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria,
Cologne Cathedral,
Rugen Cliffs,
Romantic Rhine,
Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady in Dresden),
Oktoberfest in Munich,
Heidelberg Old City,
the Black Forest

The People of  Germany & Culture

Germany Government Type: federal republic

Germany Nationality: German(s)

Germany National Holiday: Unity Day, 3 October (1990)

Other Holidays of Germany: New Years’ Day (January 1), Good Friday, Labor Day (May 1), Ascension Day, Whit Monday, German Unity Day (October 3), Christmas Day (December 25), Boxing Day (December 26), Oktoberfest is a festival held in Bavaria that lasts 16 days from late September to the first weekend in October.

Germany Independence: 18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and later, France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; unification of West Germany and East Germany took place 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991.

Germany National Symbol:

  • Animal – German Shepherd dog
  • Bird – Golden Eagle (official animal)
  • Tree – Oak tree
  • Colors – Black, red, and gold
  • Motto – Unity and justice and freedom
  • Coat of Arms – A black eagle on a yellow shield
  • Other Symbols – Brandenburg Gate is the symbol of reunification, Freedom Bell

Germany National Anthem or Song: Lied der Deutschen (Song of the Germans)

Germany Languages Spoken: German

Germany Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Famous People of Germany:

Names Professions
Katarina Witt Figure skater
Bruce Willis Actor
Wernher von Braun Rocket scientist
Levi Strauss Entrepreneur who made blue jeans
Angela Merkel Chancellor of Germany
Karl Marx Philosopher and pioneer of communism
Martin Luther Leader of the Protestant Reformation
Heidi Klum Model
Kaiser Wilhelm Last emperor of Germany
Steffi Graf Tennis player
Anne Frank Writer and Holocaust victim
Albert Einstein Physicist who came up with the Theory of Relativity
Albrecht Durer Artist and painter
Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomer who said the Earth rotated around the Sun
Pope Benedict XVI Religious leader
Ludwig van Beethoven Classical music composer
Red Baron WWI fighter pilot
Johann Bach Classical music composer

Interesting Facts about Germany:

Berlin Central Station is a five-storey, ten-year construction project. But there is a spacious train station in the center of Berlin.

The city of Berlin is nine times as large as he of Paris.

Germany has over 20,000 of her castles. Most of them are at least 100 years old and have been converted into museums, hotels and cultural centres. Germany’s GDP exceeds €3.3 trillion, making it the largest economy in the European Union.

German is a diverse language, with around 35 regional dialects. Some of the most popular dialects include High German, Bavarian, Middle German, Low German, Frisian and Alemannic.

Beer is considered a food in Bavaria, as it is an important food group in Germany.

Another German specialty is sausages! So don’t be surprised that in Germany he has more than 1,000 types of sausages.

In case you didn’t know, another important symbol of Germany is…bread. There are over 3000 types of bread in this country.

The first Christmas tree, the Tanenbaum, was made in Germany. In the 19th century, with the help of several German royal families, the tradition spread throughout the country and into other neighboring towns. On the other hand, it was German immigrants who brought this custom to America.

Yes, the luxury brand “Mercedes-Benz” is a popular vehicle for German taxi drivers.

The Gutenberg press was founded in Germany. The first ever periodical, Erbaulich Jahres Unterredungen, was founded by the German poet Johann Liszt.

German is the official language of her seven countries and the most widely spoken language in the European Union.

The German Currywurst Museum is a museum dedicated to currywurst in Berlin.

Germans love beer. And there are over 7,000 types of beer in this country. That’s a lot of beer.

More than 1/3 of her land in Germany is covered with forests and shrubs. Over 90 billion trees cover 33% of Germany’s area. Most of the trees planted are spruce, followed by pine, beech and oak.

Germany is a leader in climate and energy policy. Germany is one of the most institutionalized green movements in the world. The country aims to become a greenhouse gas neutral country by 2045.

Germany is one of the world’s largest automobile producers. The German automotive industry is one of the best in the world. The best-selling German car brands are Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen.

65% of German autobahns have no speed limit. German autobahns, also known as autobahns, do not have mandatory speed limits and it is illegal to run out of petrol on the autobahn.