World History

French Polynesia | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of French Polynesia:

French Polynesia is a French overseas territory. Located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, it consists of several islands, the most famous of which is Tahiti.

Before the arrival of Europeans, the island was ruled by local chieftains. Several explorers have sighted or visited the island over the years, including Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 and James Cook in 1769. France has long claimed sovereignty over various islands, including Tahiti. In 1889, France united the islands into a single protectorate for the first time.

Information about French Polynesia:

Capital Papeete
Population 278,786 (Source: 2022 worldometer)
Major Cities Papeete (capital), Faa’a, Punaauia, Pirae, Moorea-Maiao, Mahina
Borders Maritime borders with Kiribati, the Cook Islands, and Pitcairn Islands
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $5.49 billion (2017)
Currency Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF)

Flag of French Polynesia:

French Polynesia Economy Key Industries:

French Polynesia Major Industries: tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates

French Polynesia Agricultural Products: coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, coffee; poultry, beef, dairy products

French Polynesia Natural Resources: timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower

French Polynesia Major Exports: cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat

French Polynesia Major Imports: fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment

The Geography of French Polynesia:

Total Size of French Polynesia: 4,167 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of French Polynesia: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of French Polynesia: Mont Orohena 2,241 m

Climate of French Polynesia: Tropical, but moderate

General Terrain of French Polynesia: mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs

World Region or Continent of French Polynesia: Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 15 00 S, 140 00 W

The People of  French Polynesia & Culture

French Polynesia Government Type: NA

French Polynesia Nationality: French Polynesian(s)

French Polynesia National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

French Polynesia Independence: none (overseas lands of France)

French Polynesia National Symbol: outrigger canoe

French Polynesia National Anthem or Song: Ia Ora ‘O Tahiti Nui (Long Live Tahiti Nui)

French Polynesia Languages Spoken: French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)

French Polynesia Religions: Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%

Interesting Facts about French Polynesia:

French Polynesia spans over two million square miles of her in the South Pacific, with five archipelagoes and 118 islands.

Some of the most popular islands include Tahiti, Bora Bora, Moorea, Raiatea and Taha’a.

Tahiti is the largest island of French Polynesia in the South Pacific. With an area of ​​1,044 square kilometers, she has a population of over 189,517, most of whom live in her two main cities of Papeete (the capital) and Faaa. Tahiti is known for its lush tropical forests and white-sand beaches, as well as its vibrant culture and colorful arts.

One of the enchanting islands of French Polynesia, Moorea is known for its lush green hills and crystal clear blue waters. It has been compared to the Garden of Eden for its beauty and tranquility. The island is surrounded by a ring of coral reefs, perfect for snorkeling and diving. In addition, it has some of the best beaches in the area with white sand and crystal clear water.

The word “tattoo” is believed to be derived from the Tahitian word tatau, which dates back to 1500 BC. go back.

Currently about 10% of the population of French Polynesia are Chinese. This is because the Chinese came to the area to work the fields and plantations in the mid-19th century.

French is recognized as the official language of French Polynesia. But most of the population speaks at least one Polynesian language as well.

Motu Tapu Island near Bora Bora is considered the most photographed island in the South Pacific. It boasts beautiful white sand beaches and clear turquoise waters.

Tahitians have mailboxes in front of their homes, but they don’t deliver letters. I get bread. Freshly baked bread delivered twice a day!

The national flower of Tahiti is the tiare. It is customary to put it behind the left ear when shooting, and behind the right ear when asking for love.

Tahiti is home to the Pearl Museum, the only museum in the world dedicated to pearls.