World History

Fiji | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Fiji:

Fiji is a group of islands in the South Pacific. Fiji’s first settlers were Polynesians and Melanesians who lived on the island for thousands of years. Europeans came to this island in the first half of the 19th century. The island’s tribal groups went to war and eventually he in 1874 the local chief decided to surrender the island to the British to restore peace.

Fiji was a British colony for about 100 years before gaining independence in 1970. Since its independence, Fiji has experienced a period of democracy and military dictatorship. In 2006, Admiral Frank Bainimarama led a military coup and took over the country. Since then, he has ruled Fiji without free elections.

Information about Fiji:

Capital Suva (on Viti Levu)
Population 937,527 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Suva (on Viti Levu) (capital), Labasa, Lami, Levuka, Nadi, Nasinu, Nausori, Rakiraki
Borders Vanuatu, Tonga, and Samoa
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $4,943,248,200 (2022 worldometer)
Currency Fijian dollar (FJD)

Flag of Fiji:

Fiji Economy Key Industries:

Fiji Major Industries: tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries

Fiji Agricultural Products: sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish

Fiji Natural Resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower

Fiji Major Exports: sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil

Fiji Major Imports: manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals

The Geography of Fiji:

Total Size of Fiji: 18,274 km² (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Geographical Low Point of Fiji: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Fiji: Tomanivi 1,324 m

Climate of Fiji: Tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

General Terrain of Fiji: mostly mountains of volcanic origin

World Region or Continent of Fiji: Oceania

Geographical Coordinates: 18 00 S, 175 00 E

The People of  Fiji & Culture

Fiji Government Type: republic

Fiji Nationality: Fijian(s)

Fiji National Holiday: Independence Day, second Monday of October (1970)

Fiji Independence: 10 October 1970 (from UK)

Fiji National Symbol: 

Fiji National Anthem or Song: God Bless Fiji

Fiji Languages Spoken: English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani

Fiji Religions: Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2%

Interesting Facts about Fiji:

Fiji is located in the South Pacific, or Southern Hemisphere. Fiji is part of Oceania.

Fiji is one of the Polynesian islands. The islands are located approximately 3,000 km/1,900 miles off the east coast of Australia and over 4,000 km/2,500 miles southwest of Hawaii.

Fiji is made up of 332 islands, but only one-third of them are inhabited. Fiji also has about 500 small islands.

Fiji’s largest island is called Viti Levu and occupies more than half of the country’s land mass.

Her two main islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, are mountainous and the lowlands are used for agriculture, mainly sugarcane cultivation. More than half of Fiji’s land area is made up of forests.

The highest peak is Mount Tomanibi with a height of 1,324 meters. Fiji’s longest and widest river is called the Rewa River and is located on the Viti Levu River.

The capital is called Suva and has a population of about 180,000.

About 60% of the population are indigenous Fijians. The islands have been inhabited since 2000 BC. It is inhabited by Austronesians, Melanesians and Polynesians. It was not until the 17th century that Europeans settled here.

Fiji’s official languages ​​are English, Fijian Hindi and iTaukei. iTaukei refers to Fijians who call themselves iTaukei. “Bula” means “hello” and “Vinaka” means “thank you”.

Fiji still has many traditions and one of the most common he is drinking kava. Kava means “bitter” and is a root that grows in the Pacific islands. It is considered an herbal medicine due to its sedative and anesthetic properties.