World History

Falkland Islands | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):

The Falkland Islands were first discovered in 1592, but it wasn’t until 1690 that Captain John Strong of the British ship Welfare veered off course and accidentally reached the Falkland Islands, landing at Bald Cove. It was after The first settlement on this island was founded by the French in 1764, he more than 100 years later. Two years later the colony was handed over to Spain.

For some time, Britain and Spain disputed ownership of the island. After Spain left South America, Argentina and Britain fought over claims to the island. In April 1982, Argentina invaded the island in an attempt to take it from Britain. Britain, led by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, responded by driving the Argentine army out of the country in the so-called Falkland Islands War. These islands are now regarded as self-governing overseas territories of the United Kingdom.

Information about Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):

Capital Stanley
Population 3,793 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities Stanley (capital), Goose Green Settlement, Port Howard.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $206,400,000
Currency Falkland pound (FKP)

Flag of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):

Falkland Islands Economy Key Industries:

Falkland Islands Major Industries: fish and wool processing; tourism

Falkland Islands Agricultural Products: fodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products

Falkland Islands Natural Resources: fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss

Falkland Islands Major Exports: wool, hides, meat

Falkland Islands Major Imports: fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing

The Geography of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):

Total Size of Falkland Islands: 12,173 sq km (source: 2022 The world factbook)

Geographical Low Point of Falkland Islands: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point of Falkland Islands: Mount Usborne 705 m

Climate of Falkland Islands: cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

General Terrain of Falkland Islands: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

World Region or Continent of Falkland Islands: South America

Geographical Coordinates: 51 45 S, 59 00 W

The People of  Falkland Islands & Culture

Falkland Islands Government Type: NA

Falkland Islands Nationality: Falkland Islander(s)

Falkland Islands National Holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)

Falkland Islands Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)

Falkland Islands National Symbol: ram

Falkland Islands National Anthem or Song: Song of the Falklands

Falkland Islands Languages Spoken: English

Falkland Islands Religions: primarily Anglican, Roman Catholic, United Free Church, Evangelist Church, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Lutheran, Seventh-Day Adventist

Interesting Facts about Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):

The islands are approximately 4,700 square miles in area.

At the last census, the island had a population of just 3,793.

Most of these people are Falklanders of British descent (known as “Kelpers”). 90% of the island claims to be of British origin or descent.

There are 500,000 sheep on the island.

There’s only one city, Stanley. The official language is English, but few people speak Spanish. Many people on the island study Spanish as a second language.

There are seven pubs on the island. They only serve bottles, not pints.

Phone numbers are only 5 digits. Mobile phones have been popular in this country since 2005.

There are no chain stores on the island.

There are no ATMs on the island and he only has one bank.

There are very few trees on the island. The islands are known for their nature. There are 5 types of penguins on this island.

The country is still littered with mines from the final war in 1982. Oil companies have high hopes for the island’s offshore oil reserves.