Essay

Explore the 35 Incredible 4-Letter Birds

Just a tiny portion of the world’s approximately 11,000 extant bird species (Aves) are identified by their charming, four-letter common names. Discover 35 distinct 4-letter birds by reading on!

1. Chat

A common name for several distinct species of birds belonging to different families is chat. It mostly refers to a few individuals that are located in Africa and Eurasia and belong to the flycatcher subfamily Saxicolinae. But there are other cardinals from Neotropical America known as chats (Granatellus), Australian honeyeaters known as chats (Ashbyia and Epthianura), and the yellow-breasted chat (Icteria virens) of North America.

2. Coua

Any of the nine extant cuckoo species in the Coua genus is referred to as a coua.

3. Crow

The majority of Corvus species members are referred to as crows; the remaining members are called ravens.

4. Dodo

Large and flightless, the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) was pushed to extinction in the middle of the 17th century.

5. Dove

Many members of the Columbidae family, which is comprised of pigeons and approximately 350 other extant species, go by the common name “dove.”

6. Guan

The common name “guan” is applied to birds belonging to the following genera in the Cracidae family: Abria, Chamaepetes, Oreophasis, Penelope, Penelopina, Piper, and Ostalis. This family also contains the chachalacas and curassows.

7. Gull

There are now 54 known species of gulls, which belong to the family Laridae of seabirds.

8. Hawk

Many raptors in the Accipitridae family, particularly those in the Accipitrinae subfamily (sometimes known as the “true hawks”), are commonly referred to as hawks. While most other regions of the world refer to these birds of the Buteo genus as buzzards, they are also widely called hawks in the United States.

9. Huia

The New Zealand wattlebird species known as the huia (Heteralocha acutirostris) most likely went extinct in the early 1900s.

10. Ibis

The subfamily Threskiornithinae contains 29 species of wading birds that are known as ibises. They are distinguished by their long, downcurved beak and long legs.

11. Iora

Any of the four extant species in the passerine Aegithinidae family are known as ioras.

12. Kagu

Only two species remain in the Eurypygiformes order: the Sunbittern (Eurypyga helias) and the Kagu (Rhynochetos jubatus).

13. Kaka

A member of the Strigopidae family of New Zealand parrots, the kākā (Nestor meridionalis) is a parrot.

14. Kite

More than two dozen raptors of the Accipitridae family, primarily in the subfamilies Elaninae, Milvinae, and Perninae, are sometimes referred to as “kites.”

15. Kiwi

Any of the five extant small ratites species in the Apteryx genus is referred to as a kiwi.

16. Knot

The term “knot” is often used to refer to either of two related migratory water bird species: the great knot (Calidris tenuirostris) or the red knot (Calidris canutus).

17. Koel

Any one of the three extant Eudynamys cuckoo species is referred to as a koel.

18. Lark

There are roughly 100 species of larks in the Alaudidae family, which includes passerine birds.

19. Loon

Any one of the five extant species of aquatic birds in the genus Gavia is referred to as a loon, or diver.

20. Lory

Within the Lorini tribe, four distinct genera of parrots—Eos, Chalcopsitta, Lorius, and Pseudeos—are together referred to as “lorys”; the other genera are known as “lorikeets.”

21. Myna

Numerous species in the starling family (Sturnidae), which is distributed throughout southern Asia, go by the common name “Myna.”

22. Nene

The official state bird of Hawaii is the branta sandvicensis, also known as the Hawaiian goose, or nene.

23. Rail

The common name for the diverse family of approximately 150 species of birds known as the Rallidae is Rail.

24. Rhea

Any of the three extant ratites species belonging to the Rhea genus are referred to as rheas.

25. Rook

The term “rookerie” refers to the collective nesting grounds of the corvid species Corvus frugilegus, often known as rooks.

26. Ruff

Within the same family as sandpipers (Scolopacidae) is the wading bird species known as the ruff (Calidris pugnax).

27. Shag

The term “shag” is a popular term for a variety of water birds belonging to the Phalacrobridae family, which also includes birds of the Leucocarbo genus and the European shag (Gulosus aristotelis).

28. Skua

Skuas belong to the genus Sternorarius and are any of the seven extant species of seabirds.

29. Smew

A species of diving duck is the smew (Mergellus albellus).

30. Sora

The sora (Porzana carolina), a small species of waterbird belonging to the rail family, is often referred to as the sora rail or sora crake.

31. Swan

Any of the six extant species of long-necked waterfowl in the Cygnus genus is referred to as a swan.

32. Tern

Seabirds belonging to the Sterninae family include terns.

33. Tody

Any of the five extant species of tiny, colourful birds in the Todus genus is referred to as a tody.

34. Weka

The flightless rail species called weka (Gallirallus australis) is sometimes referred to as the woodhen and Māori hen.

35. Wren

The common name “wren” is used to refer to birds that are members of three distinct families of passerines: the Acanthisittidae (New Zealand wrens), the Maluridae (Australian wrens), and the Troglodytidae (American and Eurasian wrens).

Highlights of the 35 Incredible 4-Letter Birds:

Common Name
1. Chat
2. Coua
3. Crow
4. Dodo
5. Dove
6. Guan
7. Gull
8. Hawk
9. Huia
10. Ibis
11. Iora
12. Kagu
13. Kaka
14. Kite
15. Kiwi
16. Knot
17. Koel
18. Lark
19. Loon
20. Lori
21. Myna
22. Nene
23. Rail
24. Rhea
25. Rook
26. Ruff
27. Shag
28. Skua
29. Smew
30. Sora
31. Swan
32. Tern
33. Tody
34. Weka
35. Wren