World History

Europe | History, Capital, Language, Flag, Facts

History of Europe:

Europe is the sixth largest continent and the third largest by population. It faces the Mediterranean Sea to the south, Asia to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Europe is a prosperous continent, the heart of Western and Western democracy.

Various civilizations such as ancient Greece and the Roman Empire flourished in Europe. It is also the birthplace of democracy. Europe was at the center of two of the greatest wars in modern history, World War I and World War II. Recently, Europe formed a common union called the European Union. This union will allow independent European countries to have a single currency and combine economic and military power.

Information about Europe:

Population 742,175,667 (Source: 2023 worldometer)
Major Cities London, Vienna, Berlin, Paris, Rome, Amsterdam, Budapest, Prague, Barcelona
Borders Arctic Ocean to the north, Atlantic Ocean to the west, and Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $20,266,185,923,246,
Currency euro (€)

Flag of Europe:

The Geography of Europe:

Total Size of Europe: 10.18 million km2 (source: 2022 wikipedia)

Ranking of Europe: It is the sixth largest and third most populous continent

Major Biomes of Europe: temperate forest, grasslands

Major Rivers and Lakes of Europe: Danube River, Elbe River, Loire River, Po River, Rhine River, Volga River, Ladoga Lake, Onega Lake, Lake Geneva, Lake Como

General Terrain of Europe: Alps, Ural Mountains, Pyrenees, Carpathian Mountains, Apennines, Massif Central plateau, North European Plain, the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, Iberian Peninsula

Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Bay of Biscay, North Sea, Baltic Sea, Black Sea

Major cities of Europe:

  • Moscow, Russia
  • London, United Kingdom
  • St Petersburg, Russia
  • Berlin, Germany
  • Madrid, Spain
  • Rome, Italy
  • Kiev, Ukraine
  • Paris, France
  • Bucharest, Romania
  • Budapest, Hungary

Names of the Europian Countries:

Albania
Andorra
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Faroe Islands
Finland
France
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Guernsey
Holy See (Vatican City)
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Isle of Man
Italy
  (Timeline of Italy)
Jersey
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Ukraine
United Kingdom
  

Interesting Facts about Europe:

Europe has the smallest country in the world, the Holy See or Vatican City. It is the country with the smallest area and population.

The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus in Russia.

Europe is home to democracy and Western culture in the ancient civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.

All of Europe is in the Northern Hemisphere, and most of it is in the Eastern Hemisphere. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus in Russia.

Moscow is the largest city located on the entire continent of Europe. The Russian capital has more than 13 million inhabitants of her within the city limits. With a population of 5.3 million, St. Petersburg is Russia’s second largest city.

Europe is home to democracy and Western culture in the ancient civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.

Most of Europe now uses the same currency called the Euro.

The largest island in continental Europe is Great Britain/UK. Greenland is the largest island belonging to Europe, as well as the island belonging to Denmark. Greenland is commonly referred to as the world’s largest island. However, Greenland is located in North America.

The Industrial Revolution began in England in Europe.

Turkey’s largest city, Istanbul, is commonly referred to as Europe’s largest city. However, Istanbul is divided into her two continents, the west belongs to Europe and the east belongs to the Asian continent. About 17 million people live in Istanbul.

Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country in Europe and the world. Kazakhstan is home to her 18 million people and is one of her tenth largest countries in the world.

Largest port: The Dutch port of Rotterdam is Europe’s largest and busiest container port.

Largest Waterfall: Switzerland’s Rhine Falls is Europe’s largest flat waterfall. It is 150 meters wide and 23 meters high.